Annual Review of Pteridological Research - 1996

Literature Citations All Citations

1. Abbelaez, A. A. L. 1996. The tribe Pterideae (Pteridaceae). Flora de Colombia 18: 10-106.

2. Abe, S., Y. Ito, H. Doi, K. Shibata, K. Azama & E. Davies. 1996. Distribution of actin and tubulin in the cytoskeletal fraction from a variety of plant and animal tissues. Memoirs of the College of Agriculture Ehime University 41: 1-10.

3. Ahlenslager, K. & P. Lesica. 1996. Observations of Botrychium X watertonense and its putative parent species, B. hesperium and B. paradoxum. American Fern Journal 86: 1-7.

4. Alonso-Amelot, M. E. & U. Castillo. 1996. Bracken ptaquiloside in milk. Nature 382: 587. [Pteridium aquilinum]

5. Alonso-Amelot, M. E. & S. Rodulfo-Baechler. 1996. Comparative spatial distribution, size, biomass and growth rate of two varieties of bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum L. Kuhn) in a neotropical montane habitat. Vegetatio 125: 137-147.

6. Alverson, E. R. & P. F. Zika. 1996. Botrychium diversity in the Wallowa Mountains, Oregon. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 123.

7. Amonoo-Neizer, E. H., D. Nyamah & S. B. Bakiamoh. 1996. Mercury and arsenic pollution in soil and biological samples around the mining town of Obuasi, Ghana. Water Air and Soil Pollution 91: 363-373. [Ceratopteris cornuta]

8. Amoroso, C. B., V. B. Amoroso & V. O. Guipitacio. 1996. In vitro culture of Cyathea contaminans (Hook.) Copel. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 134.

9. Amoroso, V. B., F. M. Acma & H. P. Pava. 1996. Diversity, status and ecology of pteridophytes in three forests in Mindanao, Philippines. Pp. 53-60. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

10. Andersen, E. O. & B. Ollgaard. 1996. A note on some morphological terms of the leaf in the Gleicheniaceae. American Fern Journal 86: 52-57.

11. Andersson, T. N. & P. Milberg. 1996. Weed performance in crop rotations with and without leys and at different nitrogen levels. Annals of Applied Biology 128: 505-518. [Equisetum]

12. Antony, R., A. E. S. Khan, E. S. S. Kumar & J. Thomas. 1996. A new variety of Grammitis pilifera Ravi and Joseph (Grammitidaceae: Pteridophyta) from Kerala, South India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 20: 697-698.

13. Antony, R., A. E. S. Khan, E. S. S. Kumar & J. Thomas. 1996. Selaginella wightii Hieron., (Selaginellaceae): A new record for Kerala. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 20: 733-734.

14. Arai, Y., M. Hirohara, R. Ogawa, K. Masuda, K. Shiojima, H. Ageta, H.-C. Chang & Y.-P. Chen. 1996. Fern constituent: Preoleanatetraene, a novel bicyclic triterpenoid hydrocarbon from Polypodiodes formosana. Tetrahedron Letters 37: 4381-4384.

15. Arens, N. C. 1996. Evolution of the Cretaceous tropical flora: Preliminary overview from the Andes of Colombia. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 109-110. [Abstract]

16. Arens, N. C. 1996. Demography of the tree fern Cyathea caracasana across the successional mosaic of an Andean cloud forest. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 123. [Abstract] 17. Arinawati, A., A. Nasrulhaq-Boyce, S. S. Barakbah & H. Mohamed. 1996. Some photosynthetic characteristics of an extreme shade tropical fern Teratophyllum rotundifoliatum (Bonap.) Holttum. Pp. 651-653. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

18. Arreguin-Sanchez, M. L., R. Fernandez-Nava, R. Palacios-Chavez & D. L. Quiroz-Garcia. 1996. Morfologia de las esporas de pteridofitas isosporeas del estado de Queretaro, Mexico. Polibotanica 2: 10-60. [Spanish]

19. Arreguin-Sanchez, M. L., R. Fernandez-Nava, C. Rodriguez-Jimenez & A. Rodriguez-Jimenez. 1996. Ecological distribution of pteridophytes from Queretaro. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 205. [Abstract]

20. Arreguin-Sanchez, M. L., R. Fernandez-Nava, C. Rodriguez-Jimenez & A. Rodriguez-Jimenez. 1996. Catalogo de ejemplares tipo de plantas vasculares del Herbario ENCB, IPN. Polibotanica 3: 18-81. [Spanish]

21. Arreguin-Sanchez, M. L., R. Fernandez-Nava, C. Rodriguez-Jimenez & A. Rodriguez-Jimenez. 1996. Pteridofitas en el estado de Queretaro, Mexio y su ubicacion ecologica. Polibotanica 3: 82-92. [Spanish]

22. Arriaga, J., A. Rumbero & E. Wollenweber. 1996. Two new triterpenes from the frond exudate of the fern Notholaena rigida. Zeitschrift fuer Naturforschung Section C Journal of Biosciences 51: 423-425.

23. Arriaga, J., A. Rumbero & E. Wollenweber. 1996. Three further dammarane type triterpenes from the frond exudate of the fern Notholaena rigida. Zeitschrift fuer Naturforschung Section C Journal of Biosciences 51: 750-752.

24. Ash, S. 1996. Evidence of arthropod-plant interactions in the Upper Triassic of the southwestern United States. Lethaia 29: 237-248. [Cynepteris lasiophora]

25. Ashcroft, C. J., K. M. Bridges & E. Sheffield. 1996. Recent developments in bracken taxonomy and ecology. British Ecological Society Winter Meeting : [Abstract, Pteridium aquilinum]

26. Atmane, N., B. Destine & V. Boullet. 1996. In vitro micropropagation of Lycopodiella inundata L. (Holub) (Lycopodiales). Mededelingen Faculteit Landbouwkundige en Toegepaste Biologische Wetenschappen Universiteit Gent 61: 1469-1472. [Abstract]

27. Azeez, K., K. R. Leena & P. V. Madhusoodanan. 1996. Spleenworts (Asplenium-Pteridophyta) of Kerala. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 20: 435-455.

28. Azmal, A. K. M., T. Marumoto, H. Shindo & M. Nishiyama. 1996. Mineralization and microbial biomass formation in upland soil amended with some tropical plant residues at different temperatures. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 42: 463-473. [Azolla]

29. Bai, B. B., G. S. Lim, S. S. Sastroutomo, O. Yusof, I. M. Ridzuan & M. H. Julien. 1996. The establishment of Cyrtobagous salviniae in Malaysia for the biological control of Salvinia molesta. Pp. 235. In E. S. Delfosse & R. R. Scott (Eds.). Biological control of wees: VII International Symposium, Canterbury, New Zealand, February 2-7, 1992 (731 pages). CSIRO Publications, East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. [Abstract]

30. Bakardjieva, N. T., N. Christova & K. Christov. 1996. Effect of calcium and zinc ions on the sensitivity of peroxidase from mosses (Mnium sp.) and ferns (Polypodium vulgare) to high temperature. Canadian Journal of Botany 74: 1665-1670. 31. Baksch-Comeau, Y. S. 1996. Risk index rating of threatened ferns in Trinidad and Tobago. Pp. 139-151. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

32. Barcelona, J. F., B. F. Hernaez & M. G. Price. 1996. Philippine Schizaea. Asia Life Sciences 5: 27-34.

33. Barrera, E., N. Acosta & M. T. Murillo. 1996. Helechos y afines del Santuario de Fauna y Flora de Iguaque, Boyaca, Colombia. Acta Biologica Colombiana 3.

34. Barrera, E., A. Barrera & M. T. Murillo. 1996. Pteridofitas epifitas de la Franja Subandina del Departamento de Cundinamarca. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas Fisicas y Naturales 20: 47-55. [Spanish]

35. Barros, I. C. L., E. S. D. L. Mancilha, K. M. R. D. Santos & P. S. D. A. Sa. 1993-1994. Stomatal apparatus in Selaginella breyneii Spring and Char., Selaginella convoluta (Arnott) Spring and Selaginella muscosa Spring (Pteridophyta). Boletim da Sociedade Broteriana 66: 139-152.

36. Bateman, R. M. 1996. Nonfloral homoplasy and evolutionary scenarios in living and fossil land plants. Pp. 91-130. In M. J. Sanderson & L. Hufford (Eds.). Homoplasy: The recurrence of similarity in evolution. Academic Press, London.

37. Bateman, R. M. 1996. An overview of lycophyte phylogeny. Pp. 405-415. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

38. Battaglia, E. 1996. The cryptopolyploidy (Jaretzky 1928: "verkappte Polyploidie"; Chiarugi 1933: "cryptopoliploidia"; Melinossi 1935: "duplicazione endocromosomica"). A terminological criticism. Giorn. Bot. Ital. 130: 1-16.

39. Batten, D. J., R. J. Dutta & E. Knobloch. 1996. Differentiation, affinities and palaeoenvironmental significance of the megaspores Arcellites and Bohemisporites in Wealden and other Cretaceous successions. Cretaceous Research 17: 39-65.

40. Baumann, H. & W. Wahrenburg. 1996. A new record of the pillwort (Pilularia globulifera L.) in Middle Franconia. Berichte der Bayerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft zur Erforschung der Heimischen Flora 66-67: 301-308.

41. Bek, J. & M. Strakova. 1996. Carboniferous fertile branch Sporangiostrobus feistmantelii (O. feistmantel) NEMEJC and its miospores from the Kladno Basin, Bohemian Massif. Sbornik Narodniho Muzea v Praze Rada B Prirodni Vedy 51: 37-51.

42. Bell, P. R. 1996. Megaspore abortion: A consequence of selective apoptosis- International Journal of Plant Sciences 157: 1-7. [Marsilea]

43. Bennert, H. W. & B. Danzebrink. 1996. Spore germination of pteridophytes at risk in Germany. Memorie dell'Accademia Lunigianese di Scienze 66: 37-50.

44. Bennert, H. W. & B. Danzebrink. 1996. Spore germination of endangered pteridophytes in Germany. Verh. Ges. Okol. 26: 197-207.

45. Berg, R. Y. 1996. Diplazium sibiricum (Woodsiaceae) at its westernmost localities in Fennoscandia. Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis Symbolae Botanicae Upsalienses 31: 265-275.

46. Berry, C. M. & D. Edwards. 1996. The herbaceous lycophyte Haskinsia Grierson and banks from the Devonian of western Venezuela, with observations of leaf morphology and fertile specimens. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 122: 103-122.

47. Berry, C. M. & D. Edwards. 1996. Anapaulia moodyi gen. et sp. nov.: A probable iridopteridalean compression fossil from the Devonian of western Venezuela. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 93: 127-145.

48. Bhandari, J. B. & R. Mukhopadhyay. 1996. Morphological and anatomical observation on Vittaria amboinensis Fee. Indian Fern Journal 13: 40-45.

49. Bhandari, J. B. & R. Mukhopadhyay. 1996. Morphological and anatomical studies on Antrophyum coriaceum (D. Don) Wall. Indian Fern Journal 13: 62-66.

50. Bidin, A. A. 1996. Surface and wall structure variations of the spores of some Adiantum L. species in Malaysia. Malaysian Applied Biology 25: 57-64.

51. Bidin, A. A. & R. Go. 1996. A chromosome count for Aglaomorpha drynariodes (Hook.) Roos (Drynarioideae, Polypodiaceae) from Peninsular Malaysia. Malayan Nature Journal 50: 15-18.

52. Bidin, A. A. & S. A. Masturi. 1996. Anatomical variations and spore ultrastructures of Malaysian grass ferns: Schizaea digitata (Linn.) Sw. and Schizaea dichotoma J. Sm. Malaysian Applied Biology 25: 69-74.

53. Bidin, A. A. & A. Shaari. 1996. The stipe anatomy of the fern genus Adiantum L. from Peninsular Malaysia. Malaysian Applied Biology 24: 57-69.

54. Bini, L. M. 1996. Influence of flood pulse on the phytomass of three species of aquatic macrophytes in the upper River Parana floodplain. Arquivos de Biologia e Tecnologia (Curitiba) 39: 715-721. [Spanish, Salvinia auriculata]

55. Bir, S. S., V. Irudayaraj & V. S. Manickam. 1996. Cytology of some ferns from the Nilgiris, south India III. Fern Gazette 15: 141-149.

56. Bisang, I. 1996. Quantitative analysis of the diaspore banks of bryophytes and ferns in cultivated fields in Switzerland. Lindbergia 21: 9-20.

57. Boer, B. & J. Warnken. 1996 PG 290-301. Flora of the Jubail Marine Wildlife Sanctuary, Saudi Arabia. Pp. In F. Krupp, A. H. Abusinada & I. A. Nader (Eds.). A marine wildlife sanctuary for the Arabian Gulf: environmental research and conservation following the 1991 Gulf War oil spill (511 pp). National Commission for Wildlife Conservation, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft, Franfurt, Germany .

58. Boivin, R., M. Richard, D. Beauseigle, J. Bousquet & G. Bellemare. 1996. Phylogenetic inferences from chloroplast chlB gene sequences of Nephrolepis exaltata (Filicopsida), Ephedra altissima (Gnetopsida), and diverse land plants. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 6: 19-29. [Dennstaedtia punctilobula]

59. Boonkerd, T. 1996. Noteworthy Ferns of Thailand (multimedia on CD-ROM). CU Press Multimedia , Bangkok .

60. Boonkerd, T. 1996. Pteridophytes in the mangrove swamps and fresh water swamps of Thailand. Pp. 167-168. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

61. Boudrie, M. 1996. Contributions a l'inventaire de la Flore. Pteridophytes. Departements de l'Aude, de la Charente, de la Correze, de la Creuse et du Gard. Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest n.s. 27: 215-225. [French]

62. Boudrie, M. 1996. Des fougeres qui n'en n'ont pas l'air! La Garance Voyageuse 34: 11-18. [French]

63. Boudrie, M. 1996. Observations pteridologiques dans le departement des Pyrenees-Orientales. Le Monde des Plantes 456: 1-6. [French]

64. Boudrie, M. 1996. Les Pteridophytes du departement du Tarn-et-Garonne. Le Monde des Plantes 457: 5-9. [French]

65. Boudrie, M. 1996. Les Pteridophytes du departement du Gers. Le Monde des Plantes 455: 20-24. [French]

66. Boudrie, M. & A. J. Labatut. 1996. Les Pteridophytes du departement du Lot. Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest n.s. 27: 3-22. [French]

67. Bourdy, G., C. Francois, C. Andary & M. Boucard. 1996. Maternity and medicinal plants in Vanuatu II. Pharmacological screening of five selected species. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 52: 139-143. [Asplenium nidus]

68. Bramble, W. C., W. R. Byrnes, R. J. Hutnik & S. A. Liscinsky. 1996. Interference factors responsible for resistance of forb-grass cover types to tree invasion on an electric utility right-of-way. Journal of Arboriculture 22: 99-105.

69. Bray, J. J. 1996. Palhinhaea cernua new to Arkansas. American Fern Journal 86: 124.

70. Bray, J. J. 1996. Microhabitat diversity of Trichomanes petersii in Arkansas. American Fern Journal 86: 125-126.

71. Bremer, P. 1996. Nieuwe vondsten van zeldzame varens in Flevoland. Floron Nieuwsbrief district 10 Flevoland nr. 5: 14-19. [Netherlandish]

72. Britton, D. M. & D. F. Brunton. 1996. Isoetes X pseudotruncata, a new triploid hybrid from western Canada and Alaska. Canadian Journal of Botany 74: 51-59.

73. Britton, D. M. & D. F. Brunton. 1996. Spore morphology and cytology of Isoetes azorica (Pteridophyta: Isoetaceae) and its affinity with North America. Fern Gazette 15: 113-118.

74. Brunton, D. F. & D. M. Britton. 1996. Taxonomy and distribution of Isoetes valida (Isoetaceae). American Fern Journal 86: 16-25.

75. Brunton, D. F. & D. M. Britton. 1996. The status, distribution, and identification of Georgia Quillwort (Isoetes georgiana: Isoetaceae). American Fern Journal 86: 105-113.

76. Brunton, D. F. & D. M. Britton. 1996. Noteworthy collections: Alabama and Georgia; Isoetes hyemalis D. F. Brunton. Castanea 61: 398-399.

77. Brunton, D. F., D. M. Britton & T. F. Wieboldt. 1996. Taxonomy, identity, and status of Isoetes virginica (Isoetaceae). Castanea 61: 145-160.

78. Buer, C. S., M. J. Correll, T. C. Smith, M. J. Towler, P. J. Weathers, M. Nadler, J. Seaman & D. Walcerz. 1996. Development of a nontoxic acoustic window nutrient-mist bioreactor and relevant growth data. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology Plant 32: 299-304. [Nephrolepis exaltata]

79. Burkhalter, P. W., P. M. J. Groux, U. Candrian, P. Huebner & J. Luethy. 1996. Isolation, determination and degradation of ptaquiloside-a bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum) carcinogen. Journal of Natural Toxins 5: 141-159.

80. Burrows, J. E. 1996. The genus Ophioglossum L. in south-central Africa. Pp. 329-336. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

81. Busby, A. R. 1996. Ferns for the alpine gardener. Pteridologist 3: 13-18.

82. Bushnell, T. P. J. & S. A. Nierzwicki-Bauer. 1996. Abundance, distribution, and diversity of bactobionts present in the leaf cavities of Azolla caroliniana. Abstracts of the General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology 96: 344. [Abstract]

83. Cai, C. & L. Chen. 1996. On a Chinese Givetian lycopod, Longostachys latisporophyllus Zhu, Hu and Feng: Its morphology, anatomy and reconstruction. Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 238: 1-43.

84. Camacho, F. J. 1996. New report of subterranean sporophytic gemmae on Botrychium pumicola. American Fern Journal 86: 27-28.

85. Camloh, M., M. Ravnikar & J. Zel. 1996. Jasmonic acid promotes division of fern protoplasts, elongation of rhizoids, and early development of gametophytes. Physiologia Plantarum 97: 659-664. [Platycerium bifurcatum]

86. Campbell, R. D. 1996. Describing the shapes of fern leaves: A fractal geometrical approach. Acta Biotheoretica 44: 119-142.

87. Camus, J. M. 1996. Ferns. Pp. 24-25. In T. Whitten & E. Whitten (Eds.). Indonesian Heritage Plants. Archipelago Press, Singapore.

88. Camus, J. M. & K. V. Pryor. 1996. The pteridophyte flora of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Pp. 169-170. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

89. Cantrill, D. J. 1996. Fern thickets from the Cretaceous of Alexander Island, Antarctica containing Alamatus bifarius Douglas and Aculea acicularis sp. nov. Cretaceous Research 17: 169-182.

90. Carter, J., B. P. Singh & W. Whitehead. 1996. Influence of dikegulac and BA in improving the quality of Boston fern. Hortscience 31: 679. [Abstract, Nephrolepis exaltata]

91. Carter, J., B. P. Singh & W. Whitehead. 1996. Dikegulac, but not benzyladenine, enhances the aesthetic quality of Boston fern. Hortscience 31: 978-980. [Nephrolepis exaltata]

92. Cassman, K. G., S. K. De Datta, S. T. Amarante, S. P. Liboon, M. I. Samson & M. A. Dizon. 1996. Long-term comparison of the agronomic efficiency and residual benefits of organic and inorganic nitrogen sources for tropical lowland rice. Experimental Agriculture 32: 427-444. [Azolla microphylla]

93. Catarino, L. & I. Moreira. 1996. Aquatic weeds in Africa. Revista de Ciencias Agrarias 19: 81-97. [Salvinia molesta]

94. Cedeno-Maldonado, J. A. & G. J. Breckon. 1996. Serpentine endemism in the flora of Puerto Rico. Caribbean Journal of Science 32: 348-356. [Thelypteris brittonae]

95. Cellinese, N., C. E. Jarvis, R. E. G. Pichi Sermolli, J. R. Press, M. J. Short & D. Viciani. 1996. Threatened plants of Italy. Pteridophytes. Memorie dell'Accademia Lunigianese di Scienze. 66: 115-145.

96. Chambers, T. C. & P. A. Farrant. 1996. Four subspecies of the fern Blechnum penna-marina (Blechnaceae: Pteridophyta). Fern Gazette 15: 91-100.

97. Chambers, T. C. & P. A. Farrant. 1996. Blechnum blechnoides (Bory) Keys. (Blechnaceae), formerly B. banksii (Hook. f.) Mett. ex Diels, a fern from salt-spray habitats of New Zealand and Chile. New Zealand Journal of Botany 34: 441-445.

98. Chen, Z.-Y., K. Fan & S.-Z. Huang. 1996. Biotechnology for rare and endangered pteridophyte conservation (Alsophila spinulosa, Platycerium wallichii, Sinopteris grevilleoides, Neocheiropteris palmatopedate). Pp. 55-57. In A study of hereditism of West-south district. Szechuan University Press, Szechuan.

99. Chernys, J. & H. Kende. 1996. Ethylene biosynthesis in Regnellidium diphyllum and Marsilea quadrifolia. Planta (Heidelberg) 200: 113-118.

100. Chiou, W.-L. & D. R. Farrar. 1996. The potential role of dark spore germination in fern reproduction. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 119. [Abstract]

101. Chitaley, S. & K. B. Pigg. 1996. Clevelandodendron ohioensis, gen. et sp. nov., a slender upright lycopsid from the Late Devonian Cleveland Shale of Ohio. American Journal of Botany 83: 781-789.

102. Choi, Y. H., Y. H. Lim, H. Ybo & J. Kimi. 1996. A flavonoid diglycoside from Lepisorus ussuriensis. Phytochemistry (Oxford) 43: 1111-1113.

103. Choudhury, M. D. & M. K. Bhattacharya. 1996. Dipteris wallichii: A new report from Hailakandi District, Assam. Indian Fern Journal 13: 18-21.

104. Chun, H. Y. 1996. Paleofloristic assemblages through geological time in Korea. Chemosphere 33: 1705-1735.

105. Clayton, J. S. 1996. Aquatic weeds and their control in New Zealand lakes. Lake and Reservoir Management 12: 477-486. [Salvinia]

106. Clifford, H. T. 1996. Geometrical study of a cast of Leptophloeum australe (McCoy) Walton from Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 39: 227-230.

107. Colas, B., M. Riba & J. Molina. 1996. Demographic status of Centaurea corymbosa Pourret (Asteraceae), Hormatophylla pyrenaica (Lapeyr.) Cullen and Dudley (Brassicaceae) and Marsilea strigosa Willd. (Marsileaceae-Pteridophyta) three rare plants in the South of France. Acta Botanica Gallica 143: 191-198.

108. Colling, G. & L. Reichling. 1996. Floristic notes 1994-1995. Bulletin de la Societe des Naturalistes Luxembourgeois: 25-38. [Trichomanes speciosum]

109. Collinson, M. E. 1996. "What use are fossil ferns-"--20 years on: with a review of the fossil history of extant pteridophyte families and genera. Pp. 349-394. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

110. Conant, D. S., L. A. Raubeson, D. K. Attwood, S. Perera, E. A. Zimmer, J. A. Sweere & D. B. Stein. 1996. Phylogenetic and evolutionary implications of combined analysis of DNA and morphology in the Cyatheaceae. Pp. 231-248. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

111. Conant, D. S., L. A. Raubeson, D. K. Attwood & D. B. Stein. 1996. Chloroplast DNA restriction site variation in the Cyatheaceae: The relationships of Bornean species to those in Papuasia and the New World. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 123-124. [Abstract]

112. Conway, B. H. 1996. A palynological investigation across the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary on the south-east flanks of Mount Hermon, Israel. Cretaceous Research 17: 197-214.

113. Cook, C. D. K. 1996. Aquatic plant book. SPB Publishing, The Hague. V+228 pp.

114. Coquel, R. & C. Brousmiche Delcambre. 1996. Comparison sporae in situ-sporae dispersae of some Equisetales, Marattiales and Lipododendrales from Upper Carboniferous: Reflexions on morphospecies used in palaeopalynology. Revue de Paleobiologie 15: 121-154.

115. Crandall-Stotler, B., S. D. Klavins & P. R. Crane. 1996. An anatomically preserved, complex thalloid liverwort from the early Cretaceous, Puddledock flora of Virginia. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 9. [Abstract]

116. Creacy, L. J. & J. E. N. Hudson. 1996. Isolation and purification of antheridiogens from the fern Anemia mexicana using high performance liquid chromatography. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 124. [Abstract]

117. Cuneo, R. & A. Archangelsky. 1996. New phytopalaeoecological data from the Lower Permian Arroyo Totoral Formation, La Rioja Province. Ameghiniana 33: 145-154.

118. Daber, R. 1996. A fourth find of the Pleistocene tree fern Rhizodendron oppoliense Geoppert 1865. Feddes Repertorium 107: 295-298.

119. Dassler, C., W.-L. Chiou & D. Farrar. 1996. Gametophyte form is related to ecological habitat and reproductive strategy. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 120. [Abstract]

120. Daviero, V., B. Meyer-Berthaud & R. Lecoustre. 1996. A morphometric approach to the architecture and ontogeny of the extant sphenopsid Equisetum telmateia Ehrh. International Journal of Plant Sciences 157: 567-581.

121. Day, M. D., J. P. Hill & J. A. Banks. 1996. Effect of fem, a gametophytic loss-of-function mutation, on sporophyte development in Ceratopteris richardii. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 124. [Abstract]

122. De Britto, A. J., V. S. Manickam & S. Gopalakrishnan. 1996. Spore characters: A tool in the study of taxonomy of Thelypteridaceae. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 621-623.

123. de Britto, A. J., V. S. Manickam & S. Gopalakrishnan. 1996. Scanning electron microscopic observations of the spores of the thelypteroid ferns of the Western Ghats of South India. Pp. 509. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew. 124. De la Sota, E., L. S. Jankowski & M. M. Ponce. 1996. Pteridophyta. Pp. 21-96. In H. B. Lahitte & J. A. Hurrell (Eds.). Plantas hidrofilas de la Isla Martin Garcia, Volume 52, Serie Informe Com. Invest. Cient. Prov. Buenos Aires, Argentina.

125. De Mera, A. G., M. D. L. A. Hagen De La Cerda & J. A. Vicente Orellana. 1996. The variability of rupicolous bryo-pteridophytic communities from SW Peninsula Iberica and NW Africa. ORSIS 11: 7-13.

126. Deil, U. 1996. Adiantetea communities in the Mediterranean area in surrounding regions - with general remarks about ecological scales within their habitats and about the saturation of plant communities. Phytocoenologia 26: 481-536. [Woodwardia, Pteris, Adiantum capillus-veneris]

127. Den Ouden, J. & P. B. Alaback. 1996. Successional trends and biomass of mosses on windthrow mounds in the temperate rainforests of Southeast Alaska. Vegetatio 124: 115-128. [Dryopteris expansa, Gymnocarpium dryopteris]

128. Deng, L.-L., G.-S. Fan, C.-H. Li & J.-C. Chao. 1996. Resources and ecological characteristics of pteridophytes from Nanguen-he Nature preserve. Resources Development and Market 12: 10-12.

129. Devi, S. 1996. Subcellular changes prior to spore development in Pteris vittata L. Indian Fern Journal 13: 4-8.

130. Devi, S. 1996. Some ultrastructural changes due to cadmium toxicity in Salvinia molesta Mitch. Indian Fern Journal 13: 9-13.

131. Didukh Ya, P. & A. Boratnski. 1996. Ecologo-cenotical special features of forest in the South-Western region of Poland. Ukrayins'kyi Botanichnyi Zhurnal 53: 18-26. [Pteridium aquilinum]

132. DiMichele, W. A. & R. A. Bateman. 1996. Plant paleoecology and evolutionary inference: two examples from the Paleozoic. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 90: 223-247.

133. Dimichele, W. A. & R. M. Bateman. 1996. The rhizomorphic lycopsids: A case-study in paleobotanical classification. Systematic Botany 21: 535-552.

134. Dimichele, W. A., H. W. Pfefferkorn & T. L. Phillips. 1996. Persistence of Late Carboniferous tropical vegetation during glacially driven climatic and sea-level fluctuations. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 125: 105-128.

135. Dimichele, W. A. & T. L. Phillips. 1996. Clades, ecological amplitudes, and ecomorphs: Phylogenetic effects and persistence of primitive plant communities in the Pennsylvanian-age tropical wetlands. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 127: 83-105.

136. Do, D. S., B. S. Min & K. H. Bae. 1996. Isolation of the antibacterial constituents from Crassirhizomae rhizoma and evaluation of activity. Yakhak Hoeji 40: 478-481. [Dryopteris crassirhizoma]

137. Dolling, A. 1996. Changes in Pteridium aquilinum growth and phytotoxicity following treatments with lime, sulphuric acid, wood ash, glyphosate and ammonium nitrate. Weed Research 36: 293-301.

138. Dolling, A. H. U. 1996. Interference of bracken (Pteridium aquilinum L. Kuhn) with Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) seedling establishment. Forest Ecology and Management 88: 227-235.

139. Dong, Z. J., Y. L. Lo, K. Y. Chan & Y. F. Han. 1996. Comparative studies of huperzine A and tacrine on scopolamine-induced amnesia of shuttle-box active avoidance in adult and aged rats. Journal for Neuroscience Abstracts 22: 439. [Abstract]

140. Drake, D. R., W. A. Whistler, T. J. Motley & C. T. Imada. 1996. Rain forest vegetation of 'Eua Island, Kingdom of Tonga. New Zealand Journal of Botany 34: 65-77.

141. Drehwald, U. 1996. Bryophyte communities of shaded sandstone rocks and walls in Northeast Argentina. Nova Hedwigia 62: 443-450. [Trichomanes hymenoides]

142. Du, M.-L. 1996. Cuticle characteristics of Sublepidodendron cf. xinjiangense Sun. Acta Botanica Sinica 38: 223-226.

143. Duane, A. M. 1996. Palynology of the Byers Group (Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous) of Livingston and Snow Islands, Antarctic Peninsula: Its biostratigraphical and palaeoenvironmental significance. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 91: 241-281.

144. Duarte, M. C. & M. A. Diniz. 1996. Contribution to the study of woody plant species from Mozambique: Part I. Garcia De Orta Serie de Botanica 13: 45-67. [Cyatheaceae]

145. Dubuisson, J.-Y. 1996. Evolutionary relationships within the genus Trichomanes sensu lato (Hymenophyllaceae) based on anatomical and morphological characters and a comparison with rbcL nucleotide sequences: preliminary results. Pp. 285-287. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

146. Duckett, J. G., R. Ligrone & K. S. Renzaglia. 1996. Plastid-dividing rings in pteridophytes. Pp. 471-487. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew. [Lycopodium saururus, Lycopodium selago, Lycopodium obscurum, Phylloglossum drummondii]

147. Duckett, J. G., A. J. Russell & R. Ligrone. 1996. Trichomes in the Hymenophyllaceae. Pp. 511-514. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

148. Duran, M. & A. M. Anton. 1996. Erect gametophytes in Blechnum laevigatum in axenic cultures. Phytomorphology 46: 59-64.

149. Duran, M. L. & E. R. de la Sota. 1996. Delayed sex expression of hybrid gametophytes in Blechnum. Pp. 515. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

150. Dure Rodas, R., M. T. F. Pena, M. Quintana, B. Benitez, T. Rios Otero, G. Marin Ojeda & A. Bogado. 1996. Pteridophytes and monocotyledons of the Herbarium PY: Flora division. Pp. 1-67. In O. Romero Martinez (Ed.). Colecciones de flora y fauna del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural del Paraguay. Museo Nacional de Historia Natural del Paraguay, San Lorenzo, Paraguay.

151. Durso, N. A. & K. C. Vaughn. 1996. Microtubule recovery from mitotic disrupter herbicide in fern spermatogenous cells. Plant Physiology (Rockville) 111: 146. [Abstract]

152. Dyer, A. 1996. Asplenium marinum in Iona Abbey. Pteridologist 3: 7-12.

153. Dyer, A. 1996. What should we do about Dryopteris affinis- Pteridologist 3: 25-27.

154. Dyer, A. F. & S. Lindsay. 1996. Understanding soil spore banks: What next- American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 120. [Abstract] 155. Dyer, A. F. & S. Lindsay. 1996. Soil spore banks--a new resource for conservation. Pp. 153-160. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

156. Eberle, J. R. & J. A. Banks. 1996. Genetic interactions among sex-determining genes in the fern Ceratopteris richardii. Genetics 142: 973-985.

157. Edelman, J. R. & Y. J. Lin. 1996. Relationship of chromocenter number, size, and density to plant biomass. Caryologia 49: 207-218. [Sphaeropteris cooperi]

158. Edwards, D., K. L. Davies, J. B. Richardson, C. H. Wellman & L. Axe. 1996. Ultrastructure of Synorisporites downtonensis and Retusotriletes cf. Coronadus in spore masses from the Pridoli of the Welsh borderland. Palaeontology 39: 783-800.

159. Edwards, P. J. 1996. The leptosporangium: developing a new awareness of and a reliable database of these neglected organs. Pp. 517-521. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

160. Ennabili, A. & M. Ater. 1996. Wetland flora (Pteridophyta and Spermatophyta) of Mediterranean Morocco: Inventory and ecology. Acta Botanica Malacitana 21: 221-239.

161. Esaulova, N. K. 1996. New fern species from the Kazanian deposits of Kama regions. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal: 121-126.

162. Eschelmueller, A. & H. Eschelmueller. 1996. Distribution of the Dryopteris affinis complex in the Bavarian Alps and Alpine foothills. Berichte der Bayerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft zur Erforschung der Heimischen Flora 66-67: 195-207.

163. Farrar, D. R. & J. F. Wendel. 1996. Eastern moonworts: Genetics and relationships. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 124. [Abstract, Botrychium]

164. Farrar, D. R. & J. F. Wendel. 1996. On the origins and relationships of the Botrychium matricariifolium complex in eastern North America. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 125. [Abstract]

165. Fen, C. & S. Ke-Qin. 1996. Early carboniferous flora in southeastern Henan. Acta Botanica Sinica 38: 312-317.

166. Fengan, Y., P. Weiping, P. Zhenhua, Z. Jialai, L. Lide & P. Danming. 1996. Plant allelopathy effects on Oncomelania hupensis. Yingyong Shengtai Xuebao 7: 407-410. [Equisetum arvense]

167. Fengyan, S., W. Dazhong, X. Qingde, L. Weiguang & Y. Yulan. 1996. Rice field ecosystems in northern China I. Structural study of rice-Azolla combination systems. Yingyong Shengtai Xuebao 7: 179-184.

168. Fenn, M. E., M. A. Poth & D. W. Johnson. 1996. Evidence for nitrogen saturation in the San Bernardino Mountains in southern California. Forest Ecology and Management 82: 211-230. [Pteridium aquilinum]

169. Fensome, R. & J. Skog. 1996. Is it good form to have form-genera. IOP Newsletter 59: 4-6.

170. Fensome, R. & J. Skog. 1996. Is it good form to have form-genera. Palynos 19: 5-7.

171. Fernadez Casas, J. 1996. Ad Guineae Aequatorialis floram texendam inventa varia, III. Fontqueria 44: 269-272. [Spanish] 172. Fernandez Casas, J. (Ed.). 1996. Asientos para un atlas de la flora occidental, 11. Fontqueria 44: 116. [Spanish]

173. Fernandez Casas, J. (Ed.). 1996. Asientos para un atlas corologico de la flora occidental, 24. Fontqueria 44: 145-253. [Spanish]

174. Fernandez, H., A. M. Bertrand & R. Sachez-Tames. 1996. Micropropagation and phase change in Blechnum spicant and Pteris ensiformis. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture 44: 261-265OG.

175. Fernandez, H., A. M. Bertrand & R. Sanchez-Tames. 1996. Influence of tissue culture conditions on apogamy in Dryopteris affinis ssp. affinis. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture 45: 93-97.

176. Fielitz, U. & U. Albers. 1996. The nutrient spectrum of roe deer of the Bavarian Forest. Zeitschrift fuer Jagdwissenschaft 42: 195-202.

177. Fisher, J. B., G. Angeles, F. W. Ewers & J. Lopez-Portillo. 1996. Survey of root pressure in tropical vines and woody plants. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 64-65. [Abstract]

178. Fisher, P. J. 1996. Survival and spread of the endophyte Stagonospora pteridiicola in Pteridium aquilinum, other ferns and some flowering plants. New Phytologist 132: 119-122.

179. Font, J., L. Vilar, X. Vinas & L. Saez. 1996. New contributions to Alt Emporda flora (NE of Iberian Peninsula). Folia Botanica Miscellanea 10: 63-66. [Pilularia globulifera, Marsilea strigosa]

180. Forni, C. 1996. The effect of tryptophan on growth, N-2 fixation and indole-3-acetate (IAA) production by Anabaena azollae STRASB. Archiv fuer Hydrobiologie Supplement 117: 207-214.

181. Forno, I. W. & P. Smith. 1996. Biological control of floating aquatic weeds in Botswana. Pp. 289. In E. S. Delfosse & R. R. Scott (Eds.). Biological control of weeds: VII International Symposium (731 pp.). CSIRO Publicaitons, East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

182. Fossitt, J. A. 1996. Late Quaternary vegetation history of the Western Isles of Scotland. New Phytologist 132: 171-196.

183. Fraser-Jenkins, C. R. 1996. A reaffirmation on the taxonomic treatment of Dryopteris affinis (Dryopteridaceae: Pteridophyta). Fern Gazette 15: 77-82.

184. Fredericksen, T. S., W. Hoffman, A. Campaigne, B. N. Johnson, M. B. Lester, J. Beyea & M. L. Morrison. 1996. Wildlife use of different forest understory plant communities on small woodlots in Pennsylvania. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 77: 149. [Abstract]

185. Fuchs, J. & I. Schubert. 1996. Arabidopsis-type telomere sequences on chromosomes termini of Selaginella martensii Spring (Pteridophyta). Biologisches Zentralblatt 115: 260-265.

186. Gabel, A. & C. Salazar. 1996. Pathogenicity of Septoria aquilina isolated from Black Hills bracken. Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science 103: 74-79. [Pteridium aquilinum]

187. Gabel, A., R. Studt & S. Metz. 1996. Effect of Cryptomycina pteridis on Pteridium aquilinum. Mycologia 88: 635-641.

188. Gacia, E. & E. Ballesteros. 1996. The effect of increased water level on Isoetes lacustris L. in Lake Baciver, Spain. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 34: 57-59.

189. Galan De Mera, A., J. A. Vicente Orellana, J. L. Gonzalez & J. C. Fernandez Luna. 1996. New populations of Psilotum nudum in SW Europe (Psilotaceae: Pteridophyta). Fern Gazette 15: 109-112.

190. Galtier, J., F. Paris & Z. El Aouad-Debbaj. 1996. The occurrence of Callixylon in the Upper Devonian of Morocco and its palaeogeographical significance. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences Serie II A Sciences de la Terre et des Planetes 322: 893-900.

191. Galtier, J. & T. L. Phillips. 1996. Structure and evolutionary significance of palaeozoic ferns. Pp. 417-433. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

192. Garcia, G. B. 1996. Upper Carboniferous plants from the Pasleam Creek, San Juan Province, Argentina. Ameghiniana 33: 223-225.

193. Gardette, E. 1996. Microhabitats of epiphytic fern communities in large lowland rain forest plots in Sumatra. Pp. 655-658. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

194. Garrett, M. 1996. The ferns of Tasmania: their ecology and distribution. Tasmanian Forest Research Council, Hobart, Tasmania. 217 pp.

195. Garrett, M. 1996. Ferns and allied plants of northeast Tasmania. Pp. 115-120. In R. Mesibov (Ed.). Biogeography of northeast Tasmania. Records of the Queen Victoria Museum 103, Launceston, Tasmania.

196. Gastaldo, R. A., D. K. Ferguson, H. Walther & J. M. Rabold. 1996. Criteria to distinguish parautochthonous leaves in Tertiary alluvial channel-fills. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 91: 1-21.

197. Gastony, G. J. & D. Rollo. 1996. Congruence of phylogenetic reconstructions in cheilanthoid ferns based on nucleotide sequences of maternally inherited rbcL and biparentally inherited nuclear ribosomal ITS. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 125. [Abstract]

198. Geiger, H. & K. R. Markham. 1996. The 1H-NMR spectra of the biflavones isocryptomerin and cryptomerin B: A critical comment on two recent publications on the biflavone patterns of Selaginella selaginoides and S. denticulata. Zeitschrift fuer Naturforschung Section C Journal of Biosciences 51: 757-758.

199. Gerrienne, P. 1996. Lower Devonian plant remains from Marchin (northern margin of Dinant Synclinorium, Belgium). IV. Odonax borealis gen. et sp. nov. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 93: 89-106.

200. Gerson, U. 1996. Biology and ecology: Secondary associations: Eriophyoid mites on ferns. Pp. 227-230. In E. E. Lindquist, M. W. Sabelis & J. BruWorld crop pests, Vol 6. Eriophyoid mites: their biology, natural enemies and control (790 pp.). Elsevier Science Publishers, New York.

201. Giers, A., T. Heiser & H. W. Bennert. 1996. Freilanduntersuchungen zum Gaswechsel einheimischer Farnarten. Verh. Ges. Okol. 25: 277-285.

202. Gilliam, F. S. & M. R. Roberts. 1996. Mechanisms for linkage between overstory and herbaceous strata of a hardwood forest: Test of a hypothesis. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 77: 164. [Abstract]

203. Given, D. R. 1996. Threatened species and their recovery: the challenges or the art of intelligent tinkering. Combined Proceedings International Plant Propagators' Society 45: 57-62.

204. Given, D. R. 1996. Pteridophyte Specialist Group. Species 26/27: 118-119. [IUCN Species Survival Commission]

205. Given, D. R. & A. C. Jermy. 1996. Pteridophyte Specialist Group. Species 25: 79. [IUCN Species Survival Commission]

206. Glendining, M. J., D. S. Powlson, P. R. Poulton, N. J. Bradbury, D. Palazzo & X. Li. 1996. The effects of long-term applications of inorganic nitrogen fertilizer on soil nitrogen in the Broadbalk Wheat Experiment. Journal of Agricultural Science 127: 347-363.

207. Gola, E. 1996. Phyllotaxis diversity in Lycopodium clavatum L. and Lycopodium annotinum L. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae 65: 235-247.

208. Goldblatt, P. & D. E. Johnson. 1996. Monographs in Systematic Botany, Vol. 58. Index to plant chromosome numbers 1992-1993. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis. 276 pp.

209. Gonzalez, S. & M. A. Pathak. 1996. Inhibition of ultraviolet-induced formation of reactive oxygen species, lipid peroxidation, erythema and skin photosensitization by Polypodium leucotomos. Photodermatology Photoimmunology & Photomedicine 12: 45-56.

210. Goremykin, V., V. Bobrova, J. Pahnke, A. Troitsky, A. Antonov & W. Martin. 1996. Noncoding sequences from the slowly evolving chloroplasts inverted repeat in addition to rbcL data do not support gnetalean affinities of angiosperms. Molecular Biology and Evolution 13: 383-396.

211. Goswami, H. K. 1996. Three decades with Isoetes. Indian Fern Journal 13: 51-61.

212. Goswami, H. K. & U. S. Sharma. 1996. Wild fern gametophytes with tracheids. Fern Gazette 15: 87-89.

213. Gould, K. S. & D. W. Lee. 1996. Physical and ultrastructural basis of blue leaf iridescence in four Malaysian understory plants. American Journal of Botany 83: 45-50. [Diplazium tomentosum, Lindsaea lucida]

214. Graham, A. & R. P. Chavez. 1996. Additions and preliminary study of an Oligo-Miocene palynoflora from Chiapas, Mexico. Rheedea 6: 1-12. [Ceratopteris, Pteris]

215. Graham, L. E., J. M. Hackney & J. Obst. 1996. Cell wall chemical characters and their utility in phylogenetic studies of green algae and land plants. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 107-108. [Abstract]

216. Grammer, A. & C. H. Haufler. 1996. Molecular systematics of the ant-fern genus Lecanopteris (Polypodiaceae). American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 125. [Abstract]

217. Grant, D. R. 1996. Botanical report for 1995 flowering plants and ferns. Naturalist (Doncaster) 121: 112-116.

218. Grevilliot, F. & S. Muller. 1996. Study of the impact of the modification of agricultural practices on vegetal biodiversity in the flood plan meadows of the Meuse: methods and first results on vegetal biodiversity in the flood plain meadows of the Meuse: Methods and first results. Acta Botanica Gallica 143: 317-338. [Ophioglossum vulgatum]

219. Guiles, C. W. 1996. The Garden in the Woods (New England Wildflower Society). Hardy Fern Foundation Newsletter 6: 24-27. 220. Gureyeva, I. I. 1996. The ferns of Siberia. Pp. 659-660. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

221. Gutierrez, P. R. 1996. Review of the Palaeozoic lycophytes of Argentina. 2. Malanzania Archangelsky, Azcuy et Wagner and Haplostigma Seward, with notes on Cyclostigma Haughton. Ameghiniana 33: 127-144.

222. Hai, H. & W. Su-Gong. 1996. A taxonomic revision of the genus Arachniodes in Yunnan. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 18: 56-64.

223. Halley, R. 1996. Cystopteris bulbifera. Hardy Fern Foundation Newsletter 6: 38-39.

224. Hamilton, R. G., A. Sayers & L. Alexander. 1996. Neighbor effects in Ceratopteris richardii L. gametophyte cultures. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 126. [Abstract]

225. Hannerz, M. 1996. Vegetation succession after clearcutting and shelterwood cutting. Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet Institutionen for Ekologi och Miljovard Rapport: 1-27. [Dissertation, Gymnocarpium dryopteris]

226. Harrington, R. A. & J. J. Ewel. 1996. Density of native and alien species in understories of exotic tree plantations in Hawaii. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 77: 183. [Abstract]

227. Harrison, C. C. 1996. Evidence for intramineral macromolecules containing protein from plant silicas. Phytochemistry (Oxford) 41: 37-42. [Equisetum telmateia]

228. Hauenstein, E., C. Ramirez, M. A. Gonzalez, L. F. Leiva & C. San Martin. 1996. Hydrophylous flora of Lake Villarrica (IXth Region, Chile) and its importance as pollution indicator. Medio Ambiente 13: 88-96. [Equisetum bogotense, Isoetes savatieri]

229. Haufler, C. 1996. Species concepts and speciation in pteridophytes. Pp. 291-305. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

230. Haufler, C. H. & N. M. Graham. 1996. Ecology and reproductive biology of pteridophyte clones. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 120. [Abstract, Cystopteris protusa]

231. Haufler, C. H., T. A. Ranker & J. Li. 1996. Using rbcL sequences to test hypotheses of phylogenetic relationship in the fern families Polypodiaceae and Grammitidaceae. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 126. [Abstract]

232. Hauk, W. D., C. R. Parks & M. W. Chase. 1996. A comparison between trnL-F intergenic spacer and rbcL DNA sequence data: An example from Ophioglossaceae. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 126-127. [Abstract]

233. He, M.-Y., J.-Z. Zhang, S.-L. Liu, X. Li, Q. Zhu & Y. Li. 1996. Study on the flora of the HeiZhu Ravine in Ebian county. I. Sichuan Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexueban) 33: 609-614.

234. Hegde, S. & L. D'Souza. 1996. In vitro propagation of Drynaria quercifolia, an endangered fern. Pp. 171. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

235. Heiser, T., A. Giers & H. W. Bennert. 1996. In situ gas exchange measurements and adaptations to the light regime in three species of Lycopodium. Pp. 599-610. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew. [Lycopodium complanatum, Lycopodium tristachyum, Lycopodium zeilleri]

236. Hemp, A. 1996. Distribution, ecological parameters and localities of the five glacial relicts Cardaminopsis petraea, Draba aizoides, Saxifraga decipiens, Arabis alpina and Asplenium viride are investigated in a part of the northern Frankenalb. Berichte der Bayerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft zur Erforschung der Heimischen Flora 66-67: 233-267.

237. Hemsley, A. R., P. D. Jenkins, M. E. Collinson & B. Vincent. 1996. Experimental modelling of exine self-assembly. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 121: 177-187. [Selaginella]

238. Hemsley, A. R., A. C. Scott, P. J. Barrie & W. G. Chaloner. 1996. Studies of fossil and modern spore wall biomacromolecules using 13C solid state NMR. Annals of Botany (London) 78: 83-94.

239. Hennebert, M. 1996. Climatic precession and eccentricity in the Tournai Limestone (Upper Tournaisian, Lower Carboniferous, Belgium). Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences Serie II A Sciences de la Terre et des Planetes 322: 445-452.

240. Henning, S. J. & D. I. Dickmann. 1996. Vegetative responses to prescribed burning in a mature red pine stand. Northern Journal of Applied Forestry 13: 140-146. [Pteridium aquilinum]

241. Hennipman, E. 1996. Scientific consensus classification of pteridophyta. Pp. 191-202. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

242. Heusser, C. J., G. H. Denton, A. Hauser, B. G. Andersen & T. V. Lowell. 1996. Water fern (Azolla filiculoides Lam.) in Southern Chile as an index of paleoenvironment during early deglaciation. Arctic and Alpine Research 28: 148-155.

243. Hill, D. A. & P. W. Lucas. 1996. Toughness and fiber content of major leaf foods of Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata yakui) in Yakushima. American Journal of Primatology 38: 221-231.

244. Hill, S. A. 1996. Sexual distribution in Selaginella. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 127. [Abstract]

245. Hillesheim-Kimmel, U. 1996. On Polystichum setiferum in Zwingenberg 1995. Hessische Floristische Briefe 45: 16. [Ceratopteris richardii]

246. Hilmer, O. 1996. Dryopteris expansa (C. B. Presl) Fraser-Jenkins and Jermy: Distribution, determination characteristics, and occurrence in the Harz mountains. Floristische Rundbriefe 30: 132-141.

247. Hilmer, O. 1996. Dryopteris affinis (Lowe) Fraser-Jenkins: The subspecies ssp. borreri (Newman) Fraser-Jenkins, ssp. cambrensis Fraser-Jenkins, and their distribution in the Harz mountains. Floristische Rundbriefe 30: 142-150.

248. Ho, L. H., R. D. Gooch, J. R. Stevens, W. C. Holmes & J. R. Singhurst. 1996. New county records of Botrychium lunarioides in Texas. American Fern Journal 86: 28-31.

249. Hoffman, J. C. & K. C. Vaughn. 1996. Spline and flagellar microtubules are resistant to mitotic disrupter herbicides. Protoplasma 192: 57-69.

250. Hohlfeld, M., M. Veit & D. Strack. 1996. Hydroxycinnamoyltransferases involved in the accumulation of caffeic acid esters in gametophytes and sporophytes of Equisetum arvense. Plant Physiology (Rockville) 111: 1153-1159.

251. Holland, M. M., C. J. Burk & D. McLain. 1996. Twenty years of change in a Connecticut River floodplain forest-marsh complex in western Massachusetts. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 77: 200. [Abstract]

252. Holmes, W. C., T. L. Morgan, J. R. Stevens, R. D. Gooch & J. R. Singhurst. 1996. Comments on the distribution of Botrychium lunarioides (Ophioglossaceae) in Texas. Phytologia 80: 280-283.

253. Horn, K. 1996. Zum Vorkommen des Alpen-Flachbarlapps (Lycopodium alpinum L.) In Norbayern unter besonderer Berucksichtigung eines Neufundes im Fichtelgerbirge. Ber. Natruwiss. Ges. Bayreuth 23: 285-294. [German]

254. Horn, K. & W. Welss. 1996. Bibliography for the pteridophyte flora of Macronesia. Vieraea (Santa Cruz de Tenerife) 25: 89-101.

255. Horrocks, J. R. 1996. Dryopteris wallichiana. Hardy Fern Foundation Newsletter 6: 1, 5.

256. Horrocks, J. R. 1996. Polystichum aculeatum. Hardy Fern Foundation Newsletter 17.

257. Horrocks, J. R. 1996. Thelypteris hexagonoptera. Hardy Fern Foundation Newsletter 6: 47.

258. Hoshizaki, B. J. 1996. Evergreen versus deciduous. Fiddlehead Forum 23: 37.

259. Hotchkiss, S. C. 1996. A 29,000-year record of vegetation and fire history from Kohala Mountain, Hawaii, USA. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 77: 203. [Abstract]

260. Hovenkamp, P. 1996. The inevitable instability of generic circumscriptions in Old World Polypodiaceae. Pp. 249-260. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

261. Hovenkamp, P. H. 1996. Selliguea sri-ratu, a new species in Polypodiaceae. Blumea 41: 19-20.

262. Hradecny, K. & B. Zimmer. 1996. Spore diversity on Selaginella. Pp. 38. In Botanikertagung, Tagungsprogramm und Abstracts, 25. [Abstract]

263. Hu, Y.-F. 1996. Discovery of ferns with reticulate veins in Early-Middle Carboniferous from North Qilian Zoulang area, Gansu Province and their significance. Acta Botanica Sinica 38: 391-398.

264. Hurrell, A. & E. R. de la Sota. 1996. Etnobotnica de las Pteridofitas en los pastizales de altura de Santa Victoria (Salta, Argentina). Revista Museo de la Plata n.s. Bot. 14 104-105: 353-364. [Spanish]

265. Hutchinson, G. & B. A. Thomas. 1996. Welsh ferns, 7th Edition. Dept. of Botany, National Museums and Galleries of Wales, Cardiff, Wales. 265 pp.

266. Ibrahim, M. I. A. 1996. Spore colour index and organic thermal maturation studies on the pliocene sediments of the El Qara-2 borehole, Nile Delta Area, Egypt. Qatar University Science Journal 16: 167-172.

267. Imperato, F. 1996. A polyglycine chain attached to a flavonol glycoside from Pteridium aquilinum. American Fern Journal 86: 127-128.

268. Imperato, F. 1996. Kaempferol 3-O-(5"-feruloylapioside) from Pteridium aquilinum. Phytochemistry (Oxford) 43: 1421-1423.

269. Imperato, F. & R. Nazzaro. 1996. Luteolin 7-O-sophoroside from Pteris cretica. Phytochemistry (Oxford) 41: 337-338.

270. Irudayaraj, V. 1996. Studies on intraspecific variation in South Indian ferns: VII. Cytomorphology of Trichomanes plicatum (V. d. B.) Beddome. Indian Fern Journal 13: 46-50.

271. Irudayaraj, V., V. S. Manickam & S. Rajkumar. 1996. Studies on intraspecific variations in South Indian ferns: cytomorphology of Stegnogramma pozoi (Lagasca) K. Iwats. Thaiszia J. Bot. 5: 111-119.

272. Irudayaraj, V., V. S. Manickam & S. D. Rajkumar. 1996. A new combination in Trigonospora (Thelypteridaceae). American Fern Journal 86: 27. [Thelypteris khamptorum]

273. Jacobsen, N. H. G. & J. B. E. Jacobsen. 1996. Werner Bahne Georg Jacobsen (1909-1995). Bothalia 26: 79-80.

274. Jambor-Benczur, E., A. Csillag, A. Marta-Riffer & G. Csizmadia. 1994-1995. In vitro regeneration and propagation of Platycerium bifurcatum. Acta Agronomica Hungarica 43: 59-66.

275. Janes, R. A., J. W. Eaton & K. Hardwick. 1996. The effects of floating mats of Azolla filiculoides Lam. and Lemna minuta Kunth on the growth of submerged macrophytes. Hydrobiologia 340: 23-26.

276. Jayasekera, R. & M. Rossbach. 1996. Background levels of heavy metals in plants of different taxonomic groups from a montane rain forest in Sri Lanka. Environmental Geochemistry and Health 18: 55-62. [Lycopodium selago, Polypodium lanceolatum]

277. Jayasekara, P. 1996. The Hymenophyllaceae of Sri Lanka. Pp. 173-174. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

278. Jensen, D. P. & P. G. Gensel. 1996. Relationships of the Zosterophyllopsida and Lycopsida as inferred by cladistic analysis. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 111. [Abstract]

279. Jermy, C. 1996. Dryopteris affinis reply to Adrian Dyer. Pteridologist 3: 27-28.

280. Jernstedt, J. 1996. Meristems and meristem-specific characters: Genes, zonation and cell division patterns. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 108. [Abstract, Selaginella]

281. Jia, T.-Z., J. Li, S.-Q. Xie & J.-P. Zhang. 1996. Comparative research on the constituents of the volatile oil in the rhizome of Cibotium barometz (L.) J. Sm. and its processed products. Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi 21: 216-218, 255.

282. Jiang, D.-X. & H.-Q. Yang. 1996. Early Cretaceous palynoflora from Anchow Basin, Korea. Acta Botanica Sinica 38: 150-155.

283. Jin, G.-Y., W.-X. Wei, N. Zhang & Z.-Z. Liu. 1996. Preliminary studies on cytoplasmic inheritance and variation of Azolla. Acta Botanica Sinica 38: 109-112.

284. Jirasek, J. 1996. Natural spruce forest communities in the Czech Republic. Preslia (Prague) 67: 225-259.

285. John, R. J. & D. S. Edwards. 1996. The pteridophytes of Brunei Darussalam. Pp. 179-180. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

286. Johns, R. J. 1996. A re-collection of Thysanosoria A. Gepp in Gibbs (Lomariopsidaceae). Pp. 175-177. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

287. Johns, R. J. 1996. A field study of Asplenium sect. Thamnopteris in the NE Kepala Burung, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Pp. 337-340. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

288. Johnson-Groh, C. L. & D. R. Farrar. 1996. Effects of leaf loss on moonwort ferns, Botrychium subgenus Botrychium. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 127. [Abstract]

289. Johnson-Groh, C. L. & D. R. Farrar. 1996. The effects of fire on prairie moonworts (Botrychium subgenus Botrychium). American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 134. [Abstract]

290. Johnson-Groh, C. L., D. P. Whittier & D. R. Farrar. 1996. Ecological adaptations of mycorrhizal obligate ferns. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 121. [Abstract, Botrychium, Ophioglossum]

291. Jones, D. 1996. A new species of Asplenium L. section Thamnopteris C.Presl (Aspleniaceae) from Lord Howe Island. Muelleria 9: 37-40. [Asplenium australasicum, Asplenium goudeyi]

292. Jonsell, B. 1996. Lectotypifications and new combinations for Flora Nordica Vol. 1 (Lycopodiaceae - Papaveraceae). Nordic Journal of Botany 16: 3-8.

293. Jonsgard, B. & H. H. Birks. 1996. Late-glacial mosses and environmental reconstructions at Krakenes, western Norway. Lindbergia 20: 64-82.

294. Jordan, G. J., M. K. Macphail & R. S. Hill. 1996. A fertile pinnule fragment with spores of Dicksonia from Early Oligocene sediments in Tasmania. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 92: 245-252.

295. Judson, O. P. & B. B. Normark. 1996. Ancient asexual scandals. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 11: 41-46.

296. Jump, J. J., M. A. McGinley & C. R. Werth. 1996. Genetic structure of Pteridium aquilinum L. populations occurring in powerline clearings in southwestern Virginia. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 127. [Abstract]

297. Jury, S. L. & F. J. Rumsey. 1996. Thelypteris palustris Schott in Morocco. Lagascalia 18: 231-232.

298. Kagawa, T. & M. Wada. 1996. Phytochrome- and blue-light-absorbing pigment-mediated directional movement of chloroplasts in dark-adapted prothallial cells of fern Adiantum as analyzed by microbeam irradiation. Planta (Heidelberg) 198: 488-493.

299. Kalita, M. C. & C. M. Sarma. 1996. Effect of carbofuran on growth and metabolism of Azolla-Anabaena symbionts. Advances in Plant Sciences 9: 217-221.

300. Kamaya, R., K. Masuda, H. Ageta & H.-C. Chang. 1996. Fern constituents: Sesterterpenoids isolated from fronds of Aleuritopteris agetae. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin (Tokyo) 44: 695-698.

301. Kamaya, R., K. Masuda, K. Suzuki, H. Ageta & H.-Y. Hsu. 1996. Fern constituents: Sesterterpenoids isolated from fronds of Aleuritopteris mexicana. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin (Tokyo) 44: 690-694. 302. Kannaiyan, S. 1996. Effect of systemic fungicide, Bavistin on the nitrogen status of cyanobacteria under immobilized state in polyurethane foam. South Afr. J. Botany 62: 1-6. [Azolla]

303. Kant, R., S. D. Pandey & S. K. Sharma. 1996. Role of biological agents for the control of mosquito breeding in rice fields. Indian Journal of Malariology 33: 209-215. [Azolla]

304. Kasse, C. 1996. Paleomagnetic dating and effects of Weichselian periglacial processes on the magnetization of early Pleistocene deposits (southern Netherlands, northern Belgium). Geologie en Mijnbouw 75: 19-31.

305. Kato, M. 1996. Taxonomic studies of pteridophytes of Ambon and Seram (Moluccas) collected by Indonesian-Japanese botanical expeditions: X. Dennstaedtiaceae, Vittariaceae, and Tectarioideae (Dryopteridaceae). Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 47: 61-90.

306. Kato, M. & D. Darnaedi. 1996. Morphology and phylogeny of the fern genus Oleandropsis (Polypodiaceae). Pp. 261-270. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

307. Kawakami, S. M., M. Ito & S. Kawakami. 1996. Induced apogamous sporophytes in Pteris dispar and P. semipinnata, and the meiotic behavior in their sporocytes. Journal of Plant Research 109: 369-373.

308. Kaynak, G., O. Benlioglu & G. Tarimcilar. 1996. New floristic records for the fern flora of Turkey. Fern Gazette 15: 119-140.

309. Kesel, R. & T. Goedeke. 1996. Wolffia arrhiza, Azolla filiculoides, Lemna turionifera and some more thermophilous plant species in Bremen. Messengers of a climate change- Abhandlungen Naturwissenschaftlichen Verein zu Bremen 43: 339-362.

310. Khan, A. E. S., R. Antony & J. Thomas. 1996. Three rare ferns from Shendurney forests of Kollam District, Kerala. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 624-626. [Schizaea digitata, Pteris mertensioides, Elaphoglossum nilgiricum]

311. Khare, P. B. 1996. Ferns and fern allies their significance and fantasies. Applied Bot. Abst. 16: 50-63.

312. Khoshoo, T. N. 1996. Making forestry in India sustainable. Current Science (Bangalore) 70: 205-214.

313. Kilgo, J. C., R. A. Sargent, B. R. Chapman & K. V. Miller. 1996. Nest-site selection by Hooded Warblers in bottomland hardwoods of South Carolina. Wilson Bulletin 108: 53-60.

314. Kim, C.-H., S.-C. Shin & D.-H. Kwak. 1996. A study on the flora of Ochong Island. Journal of Korean Forestry Society 85: 44-55.

315. Kim, J.-K., I.-T. Hwang & H. Kim. 1996. Micropropagation by in vitro spore culture and potting medium in Platycerium bifurcatum. RDA Journal of Agricultural Science Biotechnology 38: 267-272.

316. Kirsch, H. & H. W. Bennert. 1996. Erstnachweis von gametophyten des hautfarns Trichomanes speciosum Willd. (Hymenophyllaceae). Bayern. Nachr. Naturwiss. Mus. Aschaffenburg 103: 119-133.

317. Kiss, J. Z. & L. J. Swatzell. 1996. Development of the gametophyte of the fern Schizaea pusilla. Journal of Microscopy (Oxford) 181: 213-221. 318. Kitanov, G. B. 1996. Paleofloristic data about the Pliocene flora of the Republic of Macedonia: II. The fossil flora of the village of Zhivoino-Bitola region. Fitologija 48: 60-67. [Pteridium aquilinum]

319. Knobloch, I. W. 1996. Hybrids and hybrid derivatives. Michigan State University Museum stores, East Lansing, Michigan. 102 pp.

320. Kolbek, J. & M. Valachovic. 1996. Plant communities on walls in North Korea: A preliminary report. Thaiszia J. Bot. 6: 67-75. [Camptosorus sibiricus]

321. Komatsu, K., K. Iida, S.-Q. Cai, M. Mikage, T. Yoshizawa & T. Namba. 1996. Pharmacognostical studies on Adiantum plants: V. Classification based on spore morphology and distributional patterns of silicon and calcium in the ultimate pinnules. Yakugaku Zasshi 116: 125-137.

322. Kong, Z.-C., N.-Q. Du & F.-S. Shan. 1996. A preliminary study of vegetational changes in space-time on Qinghai-Xizang Plateau since Late Cenozoic. Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica 13: 339-351.

323. Konoshima, T., M. Takasaki, H. Tokuda, K. Masuda, Y. Arai, K. Shiojima & H. Ageta. 1996. Anti-promoting activities of triterpenoids from ferns. Biol. Pharm. Bull 19: 962-965.

324. Korpelainen, H. 1996. Relationship between life history characteristics and genetic structure in populations of Equisetum. Pp. 523. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

325. Korpelainen, H. 1996. Intragametophytic selfing does not reduce reproduction in Dryopteris filix-mas. Sexual Plant Reproduction 9: 117-122.

326. Korpelainen, H. & M. Kolkkala. 1996. Genetic diversity and populations of Equisetum arvense and E. hyemale (Equisetaceae). American Journal of Botany 83: 58-62.

327. Kosanke, R. M. & C. B. Cecil. 1996. Late Pennsylvanian climate changes and palynomorph extinctions. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 90: 113-140.

328. Kozikowski, A. P., Q. Ding, A. Saxena & B. P. Doctor. 1996. Synthesis of (racemic)-10,10-dimethylhuperzine A - A huperzine analogue possessing a slower enzyme off-rate. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 6: 259-262. [Huperzia serrata]

329. Krahulec, F., L. Hrouda & M. Kovarova. 1996. Production of gametophytes by Hippochaete (Equisetaceae) hybrids. Preslia (Prague) 67: 213-218.

330. Kranz, H. D. & V. A. R. Huss. 1996. Molecular evolution of pteridophytes and their relationship to seed plants: Evidence from complete 18S rRNA gene sequences. Plant Systematics and Evolution 202: 1-11. [Psilotum]

331. Krassilov, V. A. & N. M. Makulbekov. 1996. Isoetalean megasporophylls with megaspores from the Upper Cretaceous of Mongolia. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 94: 231-238.

332. Kraus, G. H. & K. Winter. 1996. Photoinhibition of photosynthesis in plants growing in natural tropical forest gaps: A chlorophyll fluorescence study. Botanica Acta 109: 456-462. [Tectaria incisa]

333. Krause, S. 1996. On the distribution and ecology of Heufler's spleenwort (Asplenium x alternifolium Wulfen n. ssp. heufleri (Reichardt) Aizpuru et al.). Floristische Rundbriefe 30: 114-128.

334. Kremer, R. J., D. N. Sasseville & H. A. Mills. 1996. Promotion of phytotoxic bacteria in rhizospheres of leatherleaf fern by benlate DF. Journal of Plant Nutrition 19: 939-953. [Rumohra adiantiformis]

335. Kucharski, L. & M. Kurzac. 1996. Distribution of Huperzia selago, Diphasiastrum complanatum and Lepidotis inundata (Lycopodiaceae) in Central Poland. Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Series Polonica 3: 131-139.

336. Kummer, V. 1996. On the presence of Asplenium viride Huds. in Berlin and Brandenburg. Verhandlungen des Botanischen Vereins von Berlin und Brandenburg 129: 37-47.

337. Kung, H. S. & L. B. Zhang. 1996. The features of the Pteridophytic flora of Mt. Gongga (Minya Gonkar) Sichuan, China. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 18: 176-184. [Polystichum, Dryopteris, Athyrium]

338. Kurihara, T., Y. Watano, M. Takamiya & T. Shimizu. 1996. Electrophoretic and cytological evidence for genetic heterogeneity and the hybrid origin of Athyrium oblitescens. Journal of Plant Research 109: 29-36. [Athyrium octophorum, Athyrium clivicola, Athyrium wardii]

339. Labandeira, C. C. & T. L. Phillips. 1996. A carboniferous insect gall: Insight into early ecologic history of the Holometabola. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 93: 8470-8474.

340. Labe, M. & G. Barale. 1996. Ultrastructural studies of the cuticle of fossil prespermatophyta from the Jurassic. Revue de Paleobiologie 15: 87-103.

341. Lahora, A., F. Alcaraz & S. Rios. 1996. New records for the Pteridophytic flora of Almeria (Eastern Andalusia, Spain). Acta Botanica Malacitana 21: 307-308. [Anogramma leptophylla, Cheilanthes guanchica, Isoetes histrix, Ophioglossum lusitanum]

342. Lakshminarasimhan, P. & L. N. Ray. 1996. Check list of plants of Interview Island (North Andamans). Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 20: 361-374.

343. Lal, J. 1996. A new locality of Christensenia assamica (Griffith) Ching (Christenseniaceae): An endangered fern. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 547-549.

344. Lal, J. & R. D. Dixit. 1996. Interesting observations on Microsorium pteropus (Bl) Copel (Polypodiaceae): A new record for Arunachal Pradesh, India. Indian Fern Journal 13: 1-3.

345. Lall, V. K., M. R. Suseela, P. Gupta & S. Devi. 1996. Fixation artifacts and inadequate preparation procedures leading to misinterpretation of structures in plant specimens. Phytomorphology 46: 19-23. [Pteris vittata]

346. Lamond, J. 1996. Spruce material at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh. Pp. 295-297. In M. R. D. Seaward & S. M. D. FitzGerald (Eds.). Richard Spruce 1817-1893: Botanist and explorer (359 pp.). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London, England, UK.

347. Laveine, J.-P. 1996. Confirmation of the bifurcate semi-pinnate model of frond architecture for a historical specimen of Laveineopteris rarinervis (Bunbury 1847), Upper Carboniferous pteridosperm. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences Serie II A Sciences de la Terre et des Planetes 322: 483-492. 348. Laveine, J.-P. & C. Blanc. 1996. The "lost" holotype of Neuropteris heterophylla, type-species of the genus Neuropteris (Carboniferous pteridosperm): A specimen rediscovered that should be quickly forgotten. Geobios (Lyon) 29: 137-147.

349. Laveine, J.-P., S. Zhang, Y. Lemoigne, D. An, Q. Zheng & J. Cao. 1996. The Upper Paleozoic floras of Hotan area (Xinjiang Province, Northwest China), and their paleogeographical significance. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences Serie II A Sciences de la Terre et des Planetes 322: 781-790.

350. Lee, D., E.-J. Park, G. Yoo, H.-J. Lee & H.-S. Koo. 1996. Relating litter redistribution and decomposition to slope and understory of Mt. Jumbong, Korea. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 77: 257. [Abstract]

351. Lee, H. S., W. K. Oh, B. Y. Kim, S. C. Ahn, D. O. Kang, D. I. Shin, J. Kim, T.-I. Mheen & J. S. Ahn. 1996. Inhibition of phospholipase C-gamma-1 activity by amentoflavone isolated from Selaginella tamariscina. Planta Medica 62: 293-296.

352. Leena, K. R. & P. V. Madhusoodanan. 1996. Effect of phosphorus on growth and nitrogen fixation of three Azolla spp. Geobios (Jodhpur) 23: 238-240.

353. Leena, K. R. & P. V. Madhusoodanan. 1996. The genus Macrothelypteris (Thelypteridaceae) in South India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 20: 423-428.

354. Lemus, I., R. Garcia, S. Erazo, R. Pena, M. Parada & M. Fuenzalida. 1996. Diuretic activity of an Equisetum bogotense tea (Platero herb): Evaluation in healthy volunteers. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 54: 55-58.

355. Leon, B. 1996. Propuesta de areas importantes para conservacion de la diversidad de pteridofitos en el Peru. Pp. 44-47. In L. O. Rodriguez (Ed.). Diversidad Biologica del Peru: zonas prioritarieas para su conservacion. Proyecto FANPE, GTZ/INRENA, Lima, Peru.

356. Leon, B. & R. C. Moran. 1996. Cyathea concordia (Cyantheaceae), a new pinnate-pinnatifid tree fern from the Peruvian-Ecuadorian border. Brittonia 48: 511-513.

357. Leon, B. & K. R. Young. 1996. Aquatic plants of Peru: Diversity, distribution and conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation 5: 1169-1190. [Isoetes]

358. Leon, B. & K. R. Young. 1996. Distribution of pteridophyte diversity and endemism in Peru. Pp. 77-91. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

359. Leonard, J. 1996. Marsilea nubica A. Braun in Cameroon (Marsileaceae). Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 65: 421-422.

360. Lesica, P. & K. Ahlenslager. 1996. Demography and life history of three sympatric species of Botrychium subg. Botrychium in Waterton Lakes National Park, Alberta. Canadian Journal of Botany 74: 538-543. [Botrychium paradoxum, Botrychium hesperium, Botrychium watertonense]

361. Li, B.-G. 1996. Contribution to the pteridoflora of Xishuangbanna (1). Acta Botanica Yunnanica 18: 65-66. [Egenolfia tonkinensis, Microgonium motleyi]

362. Li, C.-S. & D. Edwards. 1996. Demersatheca Li et Edwards, gen. nov., a new genus of early land plants from the Lower Devonian, Yunnan Province, China. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 93: 77-88.

363. Li, J. & C. H. Haufler. 1996. Intraspecific polyploids of Polypodium plesiosorum and their origin: evidence from chromosomes and allozymes. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 128. [Abstract]

364. Li, J. & C. H. Haufler. 1996. A numerical analysis of karyotypes among diploid species in the genus Polypodium (Polypodiaceae). American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 128. [Abstract]

365. Li, X. & X. Wu. 1996. Late Paleozoic phytogeographic provinces in China and its adjacent regions. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 90: 41-62.

366. Lieberman, D., M. Lieberman, R. Peralta & G. S. Hartshorn. 1996. Tropical forest structure and composition on a large-scale altitudinal gradient in Costa Rica. Journal of Ecology 84: 137-152.

367. Lin, Q. & I. A. Mendelssohn. 1996. Potential of phytoremediation as a means for habitat restoration and cleanup of petroleum contaminated wetlands. Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 212: AGRO 57. [Abstract]

368. Lin, S.-J., K. Iwatsuki & M. Kato. 1996. Cytotaxonomic study of ferns from China: I. Species of Yunnan. Journal of Japanese Botany 71: 214-222.

369. Lin, S.-J., M. Kato & K. Iwatsuki. 1996. Electrophoretic evidence for the origins of tetraploids and hybrids of Sphenomeris chinensis sensu lato (Lindsaeaceae) in Japan. Journal of Plant Research 109: 201-209.

370. Lin, X.-H., G.-R. Fu, Y. C. Change, Y.-F. Huang, Q.-Y. Wang & W.-M. Bao. 1996. Analysis of esterase isozymes in nine species of Athyriaceae. Bulletin of Botanical Research 16: 100-107.

371. Lin, X.-H., Q.-X. Wang, W.-M. Bao & C.-W. Aur. 1996. Studies on the development of gametophytes of ferns from Northeastern China IX. Athyriaceae. Bulletin of Botanical Research 16: 322-335.

372. Lindsay, S. & A. F. Dyer. 1996. Field experiments on the development of fern gametophytes. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 121. [Abstract]

373. Lindsay, S. & A. F. Dyer. 1996. Investigating the phenology of gametophyte development: an experimental approach. Pp. 633-650. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew. [Athyrium filix-femina, Blechnum spicant, Phyllitis scolopendrium, Polystichum setiferum]

374. Liu, B.-D., C.-M. Zhu, X.-H. Li & W.-M. Bao. 1996. Artifical sexual propagation and rejuvenation technology of Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhu var. latiusculum. Natural Sciences Journal of Harbin Normal University 12: 72-76.

375. Liu, L.-J., X.-F. Wang & Z.-Q. Yao. 1996. Emplectopteris and allied plant fossils from the Kaiping Basin, China. Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 239: 109-136.

376. Liu, Y. S., S. Guo & D. K. Ferguson. 1996. Catalogue of Cenozoic megafossil plants in China. Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 238: 141-179.

377. Logan, B. A., D. H. Barker, B. Demmig-Adams & W. W. I. Adams. 1996. Acclimation of leaf carotenoid composition and ascorbate levels to gradients in the light environment within an Australian rainforest. Plant Cell and Environment 19: 1083-1090. [Asplenium filix-femina, Blechnum spicant, Phyllitis scolopendrium, Polystichum setiferum]

378. Lu, P. & J. A. Jernstedt. 1996. Rhizophore and root development in Selaginella martensii: Meristem transitions and identity. International Journal of Plant Sciences 157: 180-194.

379. Lyon, J. & W. E. Sharpe. 1996. Hay-scented fern (Dennstaedtia punctilobula (Michx.) Moore) interference with growth of northern red oak (Quercus rubra L.) seedlings. Tree Physiology 16: 923-932.

380. Maciorowski, M. J. & D. J. Leopold. 1996. Temporal variation in size class, population trends and population reestablishment for Phyllitis scolopendrium var. americana in central New York. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 77: 277. [Abstract]

381. Maden, A. R., K. S. Renzaglia & D. P. Whittier. 1996. Ultrastructure of the spermatozoid of Lycopodium obscurum (Lycopodiaceae). American Journal of Botany 83: 419-429.

382. Madhusoodanan, P. V., C. A. Hameed & P. K. Rajagopal. 1996. Microgonium henzaianum (Parish ex. Hook.) Copel. (Hymenophyllaceae) a new record for India. Indian Fern Journal 13: 75-77.

383. Madhusoodanan, P. V., T. Rajasree & K. R. Leena. 1996. Club mosses (Lycopodium sensu lato) of Western Ghats South India. Indian Fern Journal 13: 67-74.

384. Maheshwari, H. K. & U. Bajpai. 1996. Biochemical degradation of the cuticular membrane in an early Cretaceous frond: A TEM study. Current Science (Bangalore) 70: 933-935.

385. Malek, O., K. Laettig, R. Hiesel, A. Brennicke & V. Knoop. 1996. RNA editing in bryophytes and a molecular phylogeny of land plants. EMBO (European Molecular Biology Organization) Journal 15: 1403-1411. [Ophioglossum petiolatum, Angiopteris palmiformis, Tmesipteris elongata, Isoetes lacustris]

386. Mallick, N., Shardendu & L. C. Rai. 1996. Removal of heavy metals by two free floating aquatic macrophytes. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences 9: 399-407. [Azolla pinnata]

387. Marino, J. P. J. & A. A. Padwa. 1996. Isomunchnone cycloaddition as an approach to the Lycopodium alkaloids. Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 211: ORGN 46. [Abstract]

388. Martinez, R. O. (Ed.). 1996. Flora and fauna collections of the National Museum of Natural History of Paraguay. Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Paraguay, San Lorenzo, Paraguay. X+573 pp.

389. Masuyama, S. 1996. Progenesis as an adaptive strategy in the annual fern Ceratopteris thalictroides in Japan. Plant Species Biology 11: 225-232.

390. McGlone, M. S. & H. D. Wilson. 1996. Holocene vegetation and climate of Stewart Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 34: 369-388.

391. McLoughlin, S. 1996. Early Cretaceous macrofloras of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 18: 19-65.

392. McMaster, R. T. 1996. Vegetative reproduction observed in Ophioglossum pusillum Raf. American Fern Journal 86: 58-60.

393. Medeiros, A. C., W. H.Wagner & R. W. Hobdy. 1996. A new Hawaiian hanging firmoss (Lycopodiaceae: Phlegmariurus) from the eastern Hawaiian Islands. American Fern Journal 86: 89-97. [Phlegmariurus stemmermannii, Phlegmariurus mannii]

394. Medus, J. & P.-O. Mojon. 1996. A remarkable palynoflora from an emersive layer of the "Calcaire de Comblanchien" (Lower to Middle Bathonian) of Burgundy (France). Archives des Sciences (Geneva) 49: 105-117.

395. Mei, M., Q. C. Huang, M. Du & D. L. Dilcher. 1996. The Xu-Huai-Yu Subprovince of the Cathaysian Floral Province. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 90: 63-77.

396. Menzies, N. W. & R. L. Aitken. 1996. Evaluation of fly ash as a component of potting substrates. Scientia Horticulturae (Amsterdam) 67: 87-99. [Nephrolepis exaltata]

397. Mickel, J. T. 1996. History of fern systematics at The New York Botanical Garden. Brittonia 48: 386-388.

398. Mignon, M. & T. A. Ranker. 1996. An assessment of RAPD inheritance using gametophytes of Sadleria species (Blechnaceae). American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 128-129. [Abstract]

399. Mikolas, V. 1996. Review of "Scandinavian Ferns" by B. Ollgaard and K. Tind. Thaiszia 5: 198.

400. Mills, H. A., D. N. Sasseville & R. J. Kremer. 1996. Effects of benlate on leatherleaf fern growth, root morphology and rhizosphere bacteria. Journal of Plant Nutrition 19: 917-937. [Rumohra adiantiformis]

401. Milson, J. 1996. Plant identification in the arid zone. Queensland Department of Primary Industries, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. VIII+104 pp.

402. Misra, D. R. & A. K. Shukla. 1996. Morpho-ecological studies of the tracheary elements in some pteridophytes. Bionature 16: 65-75. [Cheilanthes, Adiantum]

403. Montgomery, J. D. 1996. Polypodium appalachianum, P. virginianum, and their hybrid in New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Bartonia 59: 113-117.

404. Moran, R. C. 1996. Spore shooting. Fiddlehead Forum 23: 1-3, 6-7.

405. Moran, R. C. 1996. Hangers-on from the mesozoic. Pteridologist 3: 1-6. [Dipteris, Matonia, Phanerosorus]

406. Moran, R. C. 1996. The importance of the Andes as a barrier to migration, as illustrated by the pteridophytes of the Choco phytogeographic region. Pp. 75. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

407. Morbelli, M. A. & J. R. Rowley. 1996. Application of confocal microscopy to exospore ultrastructure in megaspores of Selaginella convoluta and S. marginata. Journal of Plant Research 109: 37-44.

408. Moreno Saiz, J. C., I. Castro Parga, C. J. Humphries & P. H. Williams. 1996. Strengthening the national and natural park system of Iberia to conserve pteridophytes. Pp. 101-123. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

409. Moteetee, A., J. G. Duckett & A. J. Russell. 1996. Mycorrhizas in the ferns of Lesotho. Pp. 621-631. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

410. Moulaert, N. 1996. Approche floristique et ecologique des pteridophytes de la foret de l'ile de Moheli (Archipel des Comores), Faculte Universitaire des Sciences Agronomiques de Gembloux (Belgique). 54 pp. [French, Thesis]

411. Mudaiya, R. K., G. C. Joshi & N. K. Pandey. 1996. Status of some vulnerable plant species from Ranikhet (Kumaon Himalaya). Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 663-666. [Ophioglossum gramineum, Ophioglossum nudicaule, Ophioglossum vulgatum]

412. Mukhopadhyay, R. & N. Goswami. 1996. Cytotaxonomic observations on two species of Selaginella P. Beauv. from India. Indian Fern Journal 13: 22-29. [Selaginella repanda, Selaginella bisulcata]

413. Murata, T. 1996. Organization of microtubules during the transition from cytokinesis to interphase in protonemal cells of Adiantum capillus-veneris L. Plant and Cell Physiology 37: 263-272.

414. Murphy, R. W., J. W. Sites, D. G. Buth & C. H. Haufler. 1996. Proteins I: Isozyme electrophoresis. Pp. In D. M. Hillis & C. Moritz (Eds.). Molecular Systematics. Sinauer and Associates, Sunderland Massachusetts.

415. Mussa, D., L. Borghi, S. Bergamaschi, G. Schubert, E. Pereira & M. A. C. Rodrigues. 1996. Preliminary study of the taphonomic flora of the Furnas Formation, Parana Basin, Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias 68: 65-89.

416. Musselman, L. J., R. D. Bray & D. A. Knepper. 1996. Isoetes x bruntonii (Isoetes engelmannii x I. hyemalis), a new hybrid quillwort from Virginia. American Fern Journal 86: 8-15.

417. Nagao, H. 1996. Discomycetes on decayed tree fern: (2). Lachnum varians (Rehm) Spooner and Lachnum sclerotii (A. L. Smith) Haines et Dumont new to Japan. Bulletin of the National Science Museum Series B (Botany) 22: 105-111.

418. Nagao, H. & Y. Doi. 1996. Discomycetes on decayed tree Fern. (1) Lachnum pteridophyllum (Rodway) Spooner New to Japan. Bulletin of the National Science Museum Series B (Botany) 22: 19-22.

419. Naiquan, M., T. Huiran, T. Chunling, X. Hua & G.-F. Zhang. 1996. The Selaginella tamariscina (Beauv.) Spring complex treatment for experimental diabetes and its effect on blood rheology. Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi 21: 493-495, 512.

420. Nakaike, T. 1996. Enumeratio pteridophytorum Japonicorum. II. Lycopodiaceae. Journal of the Natural History Museum and Institute, Chiba 4: 9-26.

421. Nakaike, T. & A. Yamamoto. 1996. Distribution maps of Hymenasplenium hondonese and H. murakami-hatanakae (Aspleniaceae) in Japan. Journal of the Natural History Museum and Institute, Chiba 4: 27-32. [Japanese]

422. Nakaike, T., A. Yamamoto & N. Kato. 1996. A bibliography of Pteridophytes by Japanese fernists for 1995. Natural History Museum and Institute, Chiba.

423. Nakato, N. 1996. Notes on chromosomes of Japanese Pteridophytes (4). Journal of Japanese Botany 71: 163-167.

424. Nampy, S. & P. V. Madhusoodanan. 1996. Loxogramme cuspidata: A little known polypodioid fern from South India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 741-744.

425. Navarro, F. J., J. M. Sempere & J. V. Tovar. 1996. Modification of the inflammatory activity of psoriatic arthritis (PA) in patients treated with extract of Polypodium leucotomos (Anapsos). British Journal of Rheumatology 35: 161. [Abstract]

426. Nekola, J. C. & D. W. Schlicht. 1996. Distribution of Botrychium campestre in northeastern Iowa. American Fern Journal 86: 119-123.

427. Nekola, J. C. & D. W. Schlicht. 1996. Ecology of Botrychium campestre on northeastern Iowa glades. Prairie Naturalist 28: 77-89.

428. Nelson, C., R. Gamarra & J. Fernandez Casas. 1996. Hondurensis plantarum vascularium catalogus. Pteridophyta. Fontqueria 43: 1-139.

429. Nester-Hudson, J. E. & C. Ladas. 1996. Gametophyte development and antheridiogen activity in Thelypteris ovata var. lindheimeri. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 129. [Abstract]

430. Neuroth, R. 1996. Biosystematics and evolution of the Polypodium vulgare complex (Polypodiaceae; Pteridophyta). Dissertationiones Botanicae 256: 1-209. [Dissertation]

431. Ngomuo, A. J. & R. J. Jones. 1996. Genotoxicity studies of quercetin and shikimate in vivo in the bone marrow of mice and gastric mucosal cells of rats. Veterinary and Human Toxicology 38: 176-180. [Pteridium aquilinum]

432. Ngomuo, A. J. & R. S. Jones. 1996. Cytotoxicity studies of quercetin, shikimate, cyclohexanecarboxylate and ptaquiloside. Veterinary and Human Toxicology 38: 14-18. [Pteridium aquilinum]

433. Nickel, B. 1996. Palynofacies and palynostratigraphy of the Pechelbronn Beds in the Upper Rhine Rift Valley. Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 240: 1-151.

434. Nooteboom, H. P. 1996. Davalliaceae of China. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 34: 162-179.

435. Nooteboom, H. P. 1996. Microsorum aurantiacum, a new species of microsoroid ferns. Blumea 41: 17-18.

436. Noraho, N. & J. P. Gaur. 1996. Cadmium adsorption and intracellular uptake by two macrophytes, Azolla pinnata and Spirodela polyrhiza. Archiv fuer Hydrobiologie 136: 135-144.

437. Norman, D. J. & J. M. F. Yuen. 1996. Colletotrichum acutatum from leatherleaf fern (Rumohra adiantiformis): Its survival in soil, plant debris and on clothing. Phytopathology 86: S49. [Abstract]

438. Northridge, R. 1996. The first vice-county record of Thelypteris palustris Schott in Fermanagh (H33). Irish Naturalists' Journal 25: 267.

439. Novelino, R. 1996. Morfologia de Elaphoglossum Schott ex. J. Smith (Elaphoglossaceae) e suas implicacoes taxonomicas, University of San Paulo, Brasil. [Dissertation]

440. Nunez-Regueira, L., J. A. Rodriguez Anon & J. Proupin Castineiras. 1996. Calorific values and flammability of forest species in Galicia. Coastal and hillside zones. Bioresource Technology 57: 283-289. [Pteridium aquilinum]

441. Ohta, S., J.-R. Guo, Y. Hiraga & T. Suga. 1996. 24-epi-pterosterone: A novel phytoecdysone from the roots of Athyrium yokoscense. Phytochemistry (Oxford) 41: 745-747.

442. Okazaki, J. & K. Akai. 1996. The flowering plants and ferns in Kashiwara Campus of Osaka Kyoiku University, Asahigaoka, Kashiwara, Osaka Japan. Memoirs of Osaka Kyoiku University Series III Natural Science and Applied Science 45: 63-80.

443. Oldfield, G. N. 1996. Biology and ecology: Diversity and host plant specificity. Pp. 199-216. In E. E. Lindquist, M. W. Sabelis & J. BruWorld crop pests, Vol 6. Eriophyoid mites: their bioloby, natural enemies and control (790 pp.). Elsevier Science Publishers, New York.

444. Ollgaard, B. 1996. Neotropical Huperzia (Lycopodiaceae)--distribution of species richness. Pp. 93-100. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

445. Olmsted, I. & M. Gomez Juarez. 1996. Distribution and conservation of epiphytes on the Yucatan Peninsula. Selbyana 17: 58-70.

446. Olsen, S. 1996. The Hardy Fern Foundation. Pp. 181. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

447. Olson, S. 1996. A new light on spores: Arachnoides standishii. Hardy Fern Foundation Newsletter 39.

448. Ormonde, J. 1996. Palynological studies of Asplenium hemionitis L. (Aspleniaceae) from the Macaronesian Islands. Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 54: 99-105.

449. Osborne, D. J., J. Walters, B. V. Milborrow, A. Norville & L. M. C. Stange. 1996. Evidence for a non-ACC ethylene biosynthesis pathway in lower plants. Phytochemistry (Oxford) 42: 51-60. [Regnellidium diphyllum]

450. Oshurkova, M. V. 1996. Paleoecological parallelism between the Angaran and Euramerican phytogeographic provinces. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 90: 99-111.

451. Ostergaard Anderson, E. & B. Ollgaard. 1996. A note on some morphological terms of the leaf in the Gleicheniaceae. Amer. Fern. J. 86: 52-57.

452. Oyama, N., T. Yamauchi, H. Yamane, I. Yamaguchi, H. Schraudolf, L. N. Mander & N. Murofushi. 1996. Gibberellins and antheridiogens in prothallia and sporophytes of Anemia phyllitidis. Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 60: 301-304.

453. Pacheco, L. & R. C. Moran. 1996. Monograph of the Diplazium ceratolepis group. Pp. 341. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

454. Pahnke, J., V. Goremykin, V. Bobrova, A. Troitsky, A. Antonov & W. Martin. 1996. Utility of rDNA internal transcribed spacer sequences from the inverted repeat of chloroplast DNA in pteridophyte molecular phylogenies. Pp. 217-230. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

455. Pajaron, S., C. Prada, A. Herrero & E. Pangua. 1996. Isozymical study of genetic variability in Asplenium foreziense and related taxa. Pp. 307-311. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

456. Pajaron, S., C. Prada, E. Pangua & A. Herrero. 1996. Contribucion al estudio de la biologia reproductiva en el completo Cystopteris fragilis. Memorie dell'Accademia Lunigianese di Scienze. 64: 51-60.

457. Pakeman, R. J. & E. Hay. 1996. Heathland seedbanks under bracken Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn and their importance for re-vegetation after bracken control. Journal of Environmental Management 47: 329-339.

458. Pakeman, R. J. & R. H. Marrs. 1996. Modelling the effects of climate change on the growth of bracken (Pteridium aquilinum) in Britain. Journal of Applied Ecology 33: 561-575.

459. Pakeman, R. J., R. H. Marrs, D. C. Howard, C. J. Barr & R. M. Fuller. 1996. The bracken problem in Great Britain: its present extent and future changes. Applied Geograpy 16: 65-86. [Pteridium aquilinum]

460. Palacios-Rios, M., N. Bernabe M. & G. Williams-Linera. 1996. Spore germination and sporophyte establishment of tree ferns in a cloud forest, Veracruz, Mexico. Pp. 661. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

461. Palmer, J. L. & J. E. Nester-Hudson. 1996. Isolation and purification of the antheridiogen from the fern Pteridium aquilinum using high performance liquid chromatography. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 129. [Abstract]

462. Pande, P. C. & D. Singh. 1996. Observations on the forking of fronds in ferns. Indian Fern Journal 13: 30-35.

463. Pandey, D. K. 1996. Phytotoxicity of sesquiterpene lactone parthenin on aquatic weeds. Journal of Chemical Ecology 22: 151-160. [Salvinia molesta, Azolla nilotica]

464. Pangua, E. & B. Vega. 1996. Comparative study of gametophyte development in Cosentinia and Anogramma (Hemionitidaceae) and Cheilanthes (Sinopteridaceae). Pp. 497-508. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

465. Pant, D. D. 1996. The biogeography of the late Paleozoic floras of India. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 90: 79-98.

466. Pardoe, H. S. 1996. Micro-scale patterns of modern pollen deposition within three alpine plant communities. New Phytologist 132: 327-341. [Lycopodium]

467. Parkinson, B. M. 1996. The sporangium wall in Schizaea--a source of components for sporogenesis- Pp. 489-496. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

468. Parris, B. S. 1996. Revision of "Ferns" by R E Holttum. Pp. 151-165. In K. M. Wong & A. Phillips (Eds.). Kinabalu, Summit of Borneo, A Revised and Expanded Edition. The Sabah Society, Sabah.

469. Parris, B. S. 1996. Measurements of pteridophyte species diversity in Malesia and New Zealand. Pp. 43-51. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

470. Parris, B. S. 1996. Grammitidaceae. Pp. 8. In A. Shimbun (Ed.). World of Plants.

471. Pass, J. M., D. L. Bernhard & K. S. Renzaglia. 1996. Spermatozoid ontogeny in Selaginella australiensis. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 129-130. [Abstract]

472. Paul, A., F. J. Rumsey, J. C. Vogel, A. C. Jermy & E. Dias. 1996. Ecology and distribution of pteridophytes on Flores, Azores. Pp. 183-184. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

473. Paulsamy, S., T. N. Rangarajan, S. Manian & K. Udaiyan. 1996. Impact of annual fire on the sociological attributes of the fern Pteridium aquilinum L. in the grass hills ecosystem, Western Ghats, India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 745-749.

474. Penrod, K. A. & L. H. McCormick. 1996. Abundance of viable hay-scented fern spores germinated from hardwood forest soils at various distances from a source. American Fern Journal 86: 69-79. [Dennstaedtia punctilobula]

475. Perez Carro, F. J. & M. P. Fernandez Areces. 1996. Hybrids of the genus Asplenium L. (Aspleniaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 54: 106-125.

476. Perez Hornero, M. J., M. M. Martinez Ortega, M. Angel Martin Ballesteros & E. Rico. 1996. Study of pteridophyte distribution in relation to altitude in central-western Spain. Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 54: 89-98.

477. Perez-Garcia, B., A. Mendoza & M. Ricci. 1996. Morphogenesis of the sexual phase of Blechnum chilense and Blechnum cycadifolium (Pterophyta: Blechnaceae). Revista de Biologia Tropical 44: 491-497. [Spanish]

478. Peroni, A. & G. Peroni. 1996. Botrychium matricariifolium (Retz.) Braun ex W. Koch in Prealps of the province of Varese (Lombardy, NW Italy). Atti della Societa Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano 134: 25-32.

479. Peroni, A. & G. Peroni. 1996. Note sull'epidermiologia del genere Polystichum Roth in Europa. Memorie dell'Accademia Lunigianese di Scienze 66: 147-158.

480. Pichi Sermolli, R. E. G. & M. P. Bizzarri. (Eds.). 1996. Le pteridofite della Lunigiana storica, delle Alpi Apuane e di altre regioni auropee. Memorie dell'Accademia Lunigianese di Scienze. 66: 1-166.

481. Pietrzak-Flis, Z., I. Radwan, L. Rosiak & E. 7. Wirth 03-194 Warsaw, Poland. 1996. Migration of 137Cs in soils and its transfer to mushrooms and vascular plants in mixed forest. Science of the Total Environment 186: 243-250. [Polypodium vulgare]

482. Pigg, K. B. & R. A. Stockey. 1996. The significance of the Princeton chert permineralized flora to Middle Eocene uplant biota of the Okanogan highlands. Washington Geology 24: 32-36.

483. Pinel, J. 1996. On the morphology of Anogramma leptophylla (L.) Link. Pp. 525-526. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

484. Platt, S. G. & J. F. Townsend. 1996. Pellaea wrightiana Hooker (Pteridaceae). Castanea 61: 397-398.

485. Playford, G. & M. E. Dettmann. 1996. Spores. Pp. 227-260. In J. Jansonius & D. C. McGregor (Eds.). Palynology: Principles and Applications. American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists Foundation, Houston, Texas.

486. Poluyanov, A. V. 1996. On some new and rare plants of the flora of the Kursk region. Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 101: 90-93. [Huperzia selago] 487. Ponce, M. M. 1996. Pteridophyta. Pp. 1-79. In F. O. Zuloaga & O. Morrone (Eds.). Catalogo des las Plantas Vasculares de la Flora Argentina. Volume 60, Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.

488. Ponce, M. M. 1996. New combinations in Argyrochosma (Pteridaceae). Hickenia (Boletin del Darwinion) 2: 177-178. [Notholaena nivea var. flava, Notholaena tenera]

489. Ponce, M. M. 1996. Thelypteridaceae. Pp. 24-26. In H. B. Lahitte & J. A. Hurrell (Eds.). Las plantas hidrofilas de la Isla Martin Garcia, Buenos Aires, Volume 52, Serie Informe Com. Invest. Cient. Prov. Bueons Aires, Argentina.

490. Poulsen, A. D. & H. Tuomisto. 1996. Small-scale to continental distribution patterns of neotropical pteridophytes: the role of edaphic preferences. Pp. 551-561. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

491. Povey, A. C., D. Potter & P. J. O"Connor. 1996. 32P-post-labelling analysis of DNA adducts formed in the upper gastrointestinal tissue of mice fed bracken extract or bracken spores. British Journal of Cancer 74: 1342-1348. [Pteridium aquilinum]

492. Prada, C., E. Pangua, A. Herrero & S. Pajaron. 1996. A comparative study of the gametophytes of Asplenium majoricum Litard, (Aspleniaceae) and related taxa. Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 54: 126-136. [Asplenium majoricum, Asplenium fontanum ssp. fontanum, Asplenium petrachae, Asplenium petrachae ssp. bivalens]

493. Prado, J. 1996. A survey of types of 147 taxa (species and varieties) in the genus Pteris L. is presented with indication of the herbaria where the material can be found. Bradea 8: 11-20.

494. Prado, J. & D. B. Lellinger. 1996. Observations on the nomenclature and taxonomy of Gleichenia nigropaleacea. American Fern Journal 86: 98-101. [Sticherus brevipubis, Sticherus remotus]

495. Prado, J. & P. G. Windisch. 1996. Flora da Serro do Cipo, Minas Gerais: Dennstaedtiaceae. Boletim de Botanica, Univesidade de Sao Paulo 15: 83-88.

496. Prakash, A. S., T. N. Pereira, B. L. Smith, G. Shaw & A. A. Seawright. 1996. Mechanism of bracken fern carcinogenesis: Evidence for H-ras activation via initial adenine alkylation by ptaquiloside. Natural Toxins 4: 221-227. [Pteridium aquilinum]

497. Pramanik, A. 1996. Gymnopteris vestita (Wall.) underwood (Gymnogrammaceae): A new record for Dibang Valley District, Arunachal Pradesh. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 20: 737-738.

498. Prathapachandran, R., P. V. Madhusoodanan & P. Pushpangadan. 1996. SEM studies on spores of South Indian tree ferns (Cyathea spp.--Cyatheaceae). Phytomorphology 46: 65-68. [Cyathea nilgirensis, Cyathea crinita, Cyathea gigantea, Cyathea spinulosa]

499. Prelli, R. 1996. Asplenium x jacksonii rediscovered in the wild (Aspleniaceae: Pteridophyta). Fern Gazette 15: 83-86. [Asplenium adiantum-nigrum, Asplenium scolopendrium]

500. Price, M. G. 1996. Holttum and ferns. Pp. 13-26. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

501. Pryer, K. M. 1996. Ontogeny and phylogeny of marsileaceous ferns: Evidence for heterochronic evolution. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 130. [Abstract]

502. Pryor, J. S. & R. G. Hamilton. 1996. Clonal growth in Pleopeltis polypodioides. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 130. [Abstract]

503. Qinghai, X., Y. Xiaolan, W. Chen, M. Lingyao & W. Zihui. 1996. Alluvial pollen of the North China Plain. Quaternary Research (Orlando) 46: 270-280. [Selaginella]

504. Raffaele, E. 1996. Relationship between seed and spore banks and vegetation of a mountain flood meadow (Mallin) in Patagonia, Argentina. Wetlands 16: 1-9.

505. Raich, J. W., A. E. Russell, T. E. Crews, H. Farrington & P. M. Vitousek. 1996. Both nitrogen and phosphorus limit plant production on young Hawaiian lava flows. Biogeochemistry (Dordrecht) 32: 1-14. [Dicranopteris linearis]

506. Raine, C. A., F. J. Rumsey & E. Sheffield. 1996. The use of gametophytic characters in systematics with specific reference to the Hymenophyllaceae. Pp. 343-345. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

507. Rajasekaran, K. & P. Santhan. 1996. The pteridophyte flora of high wavy mountains, Madurai District, Tamil Nadu. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 20: 351-354.

508. Rajini, V. S. & G. Subramanian. 1996. Ultrastructural differences between free-living and foam-immobilized cyanobacterial systems. Cytobios 88: 71-77. [Azolla mexicana]

509. Rakotondrainibe, F. & F. Badre. 1996. Analyse floristique et biogeographique des Pteridophytes des iles de l'ouest de l'ocean Indien. Pp. 109-120. In W. Lourenco (Ed.). Biogeographie de Madagascar. Orstrom Editions, Paris. [French]

510. Rakotondrainibe, F., G. Rahajasoa & H. Ranarijaona. 1996. Structure du peuplement des Pteridophytes d'une foret ombrophile a Madagascar: reactions a un stress d'origine anthropique. Pp. 155-160. In L. J. G. van der Maesen et. al. (Eds.). The Biodiversity of Afrikan Plants. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands. [French]

511. Rakotondrainibe, F. & F. Raharimalala. 1996. The pteridophytes of the eastern slopes of the Reserve Naturelle Integrale d'Andringitra, Madagascar. Pp. 76-82. In S. M. Goodman (Ed.). A floral and faunal inventory of the eastern side of the Reserve Naturelle Integrale d'Andringitra, Madagascar: with reference to elevational variation. Fieldiana Zoology, Chicago.

512. Randi, A. M. 1996. Photosensitivity, viability and storage reserves in spores of Acrostichum danaeifolium Langsd. and Fisch. (Pteridaceae). Revista Brasileira de Botanica 19: 105-108.

513. Ranker, T. A. 1996. Are pteridophyte mating systems correlated with habitat- American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 121. [Abstract]

514. Ranker, T. A., C. E. C. Gemmill, P. G. Trapp, A. Hambleton & K. Ha. 1996. Population genetics and reproductive biology of lava-flow colonising species of Hawaiian Sadleria (Blechnaceae). Pp. 582-598. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

515. Rao, K. S., B. T. S. Moorthy & C. R. Padalia. 1996. Efficient nitrogen management for sustained productivity in lowland rice (Oryza sativa). Indian Journal of Agronomy 41: 215-220. [Azolla]

516. Rasbach, H. 1996. The pteridologist Tadeus Reichstein: A personal homage. Bauhinia 11: 211-219. [German]

517. Raviraja, N. S., K. R. Sridhar & F. Barlocher. 1996. Endophytic aquatic hyphomycetes of roots of plantation crops and ferns from India. Sydowia 48: 152-160. [Asplenium marinum]

518. Reinoso Franco, J., J. Otero-Schmitt & C. Viera Benitez. 1993-1994. Considerations on cryptogamic flora of a littoral Atlantic cave: Punta Queixal (Galicia, NW Spain). Boletim da Sociedade Broteriana 66: 19-28.

519. Reixach, N., J. Irurre-Santilari, J. Casas, E. Mele, J. Messeguer & F. Camps. 1996. Biosynthesis of ecdysteroids in in vitro prothalli cultures of Polypodium vulgare. Phytochemistry (Oxford) 43: 597-602.

520. Renzaglia, K. S. & D. J. Garbary. 1996. Spermatogenesis: A fertile area for analyses of green plant phylogeny. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 109. [Abstract]

521. Reyes Jaramillo, I., B. Perez-Garcia & A. Mendoza. 1996. Development of gametophyte and the young sporophyte in Niphidium crassifolium (Filicales: Polypodiaceae s.str.). Revista de Biologia Tropical 44: 485-490. [Spanish, Campyloneuron angustifolium]

522. Riba, R. & R. Lira. 1996. Flora del Valle De Tehuacan-Cuicatlan. Fasciculo 10. Pteridophyta sensu R. Sadeback: Familias Equisetaceae DC., Lycopodiaceae Mrib. y Selaginellaceae Milde. Instituto de Biologia, UNAM, Mexico. [Spanish]

523. Riba, R., L. Pacheco, Valdes & Y. Sandoval. 1996. Pteridoflora del estado de Morelos, Mexico. Lista de familias, generos y especies. Acta Botanica Mexicana 37: 45-65. [Spanish]

524. Ricci, M. 1996. Variation in distribution and abundance of the endemic flora of Juan Fernandez Islands, Chile. Pteridophyta. Biodiversity and Conservation 5: 1521-1532. [Thyrsopteris elegans, Asplenium macrosorum, Ophioglossum fernandezianum, Blechnum schottii, Blechnum cycadifolium, Polypodium intermedium, Pteris berteroana]

525. Rice, J., G. W. Rothwell, G. Mapes & R. H. Mapes. 1996. Suavitas imbricata gen. et sp. nov., an anatomically preserved seed analogue of putative lycophyte affinities from Upper Pennsylvanian marine deposits. American Journal of Botany 83: 1083-1090.

526. Richard, H. 1996. New pollinic data in Bresse: The peat bog of La Peupleraie at Le Miroir (Saone-et-Loire, France). Comptes Rendus de l"Academie des Sciences Serie II A Sciences de la Terre et des Planetes 323: 531-538. [Selaginella]

527. Richardson, J. B. 1996. Abnormal spores and possible interspecific hybridization as a factor in the evolution of Early Devonian land plants. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 93: 333-340.

528. Rico-Gray, V. & M. Palacios-Rios. 1996. Salinidad y el nivel del agua como factores en la distribucion de la vegetacion en la cienaga del NW de Campeche, Mexico. Acta Botanica Mexico 34: 53-61. [Spanish]

529. Rodrigo, C., A. Campos, J. M. Sempere & J. Diaz. 1996. Effect of Polypodium leucotomos extract (ANAPSOS) on cytokines production. Immunology 89: 73. [Abstract]

530. Roelofs, J. G. M. 1996. Restoration of eutrophied shallow softwater lakes based upon carbon and phosphorus limitation. Netherlands Journal of Aquatic Ecology 30: 197-202. [Isoetes echinospora]

531. Rojas-Alvarado, A. F. 1996. Contributions to the pteridophyte flora of Costa Rica: I. Report. Brenesia 45-46: 1-6.

532. Rojas-Alvarado, A. F. 1996. Twelve new species of Elaphoglossum (Elaphoglossaceae) from Costa Rica and Panama. Brenesia 45-46: 7-26.

533. Rojas-Alvarado, A. F. 1996. Contributions to the neotropical pteridophyte flora: 1. Notes on the genus Niphidium (Polypodiaceae). Brenesia 45-46: 27-32.

534. Rojas-Alvarado, A. F. 1996. Contributions to the pteridophyte flora of Costa Rica: II. New taxa. Brenesia 45-46: 33-50.

535. Rolleri, C. & M. C. Lavalle. 1996. Analisis con MO y MEB de caracteres foliares en Marattiaceae. Revista Museo de La Plata, n. s. Bot. 14 108: 433-463. [Spanish]

536. Rolleri, C., M. C. Lavalle, A. Mengascini & M. Rodriguez. 1996. Spore morphology and systematics of the genus Christensenia. American Fern Journal 86: 80-88. [Christensenia aesculifolia ssp aesculifolia, Christensenia lobbiana]

537. Roos, M. C. 1996. Mapping the world's pteridophyte diversity--systematics and floras. Pp. 29-42. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

538. Roth, A. 1996. Water transport in xylem conduits with ring thickenings. Plant Cell and Environment 19: 622-629.

539. Rothwell, G. W. 1996. Phylogenetic relationships of ferns: a palaeobotanical perspective. Pp. 395-404. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

540. Rothwell, G. W. 1996. Pteridophytic evolution: An often underappreciated phytological success story. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 90: 209-222.

541. Rothwell, G. W., E. A. Arnone & K. B. Pigg. 1996. Miocene ferns from Central Washington State: Anatomy and systematics. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 131. [Abstract]

542. Rothwell, G. W. & E. E. Karrfalt. 1996. Origin and ontogeny of tissues in the ophioglossaceous fern Botrychium. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 48. [Abstract]

543. Rothwell, G. W., G. Mapes & R. H. Mapes. 1996. Anatomically preserved vojnovskyalean seed plants in Upper Pennsylvania (Stephanian) marine shales of North America. Journal of Paleontology 70: 1067-1079.

544. Rothwell, N. T. 1996. Collecting live ferns for the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Pp. 185. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

545. Rouquette, M. F., G. Mejean, R. Cazorla, Y. Maccogno & M. Boudrie. 1996. Decouverte de Botrychium matricariifolium (Retz) A. Br. Ex Koch dan les Cevennes. Le Monde des Plantes 456: 6-8. [French]

546. Roux, J. P. 1996. A new combination in Polystichum (Dryopteridaceae). Novon 6: 202. [Polystichum crinulosum]

547. Rumsey, F. J., A. D. Headley & E. Sheffield. 1996. Gametophytic adaptations to low light: How unique are Trichomanes species- American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 122. [Abstract]

548. Rumsey, F. J., S. J. Russell, J. Ji, J. A. Barrett & M. Gibby. 1996. Genetic variation in the endangered filmy fern Trichomanes speciosum Willd. Pp. 161-165. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

549. Rumsey, F. J. & E. Sheffield. 1996. Inter-generational ecological niche separation and the 'independent gametophyte' phenomenon. Pp. 563-570. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

550. Rumsey, F. J. & J. C. Vogel. 1996. Two Asplenium taxa new to Africa. Lagascalia 18: 232-234.

551. Ruokolainen, K., H. Tuomisto, R. Rios, A. Torres & M. Garcia. 1996. Floristic comparison of twelve plots in a firm soil forest in Peruvian Amazonia. Acta Amazonica 24: 31-47.

552. Russell, A. E. 1996. What are the consequences of removing a dominant understory species from a wet tropical forest- Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 77: 384. [Abstract]

553. Sahashi, N. 1996. Growing grape ferns. Fiddlehead forum 23: 17, 19-24.

554. Sahashi, N. 1996. Spore morphology of the Ophioglossaceae. Pp. 527-530. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

555. Saikia, M. & S. Purushothaman. 1996. Competitive ability of weed flora in lowland rice (Oryza sativa). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 66: 70-72.

556. Salgado, A. E. 1996. Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on Philippine ferns. I. The identity of Asplenium anisodontum C. Presl (Aspleniaceae). Edinburgh Journal of Botany 53: 271-274. [Asplenium longissimum, Asplenium caudatum, Asplenium acutiusculum]

557. Salino, A. 1996. Check-list of pteridophytes from Serra do Cuscuzeiro, Analandia, SP, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Botanica 19: 173-178.

558. Sanchez, C. & M. G. Caluff. 1996. The genus Hymenophyllum Smith in the Greater Antilles. Pp. 61-73. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

559. Sansanyuth, P., A. Phadungchep, S. Ngammkontha, S. Ngdngam, P. Sukasem, H. Hoshino & M. S. Ttabucanon. 1996. Shrimp pond effluent: Pollution problems and treatment by constructed wetlands. Water Science and Technology 34: 93-98. [Acrostichum aureum]

560. Satapathy, K. B. 1996. Tolerance of Azolla to chemical nitrogen fertilizer in rice field. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology 1: 243-246.

561. Sato, T., H. Itoh, G. Kudo, Y. S. Kheong & A. Furukawa. 1996. Species composition and structure of epiphytic fern community on oil palm trunks in Malay Archipelago. Tropics 6: 139-148.

562. Sato, T. & H. Takahashi. 1996. A quantitative comparison of distribution patterns in two species of Gymnocarpium from local to global scaling. Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 47: 31-40. [Gymnocarpium dryopteris, Gymnocarpium robertianum]

563. Schiemionek, A. & H. W. Bennert. 1996. Populationsbiologische Gefahrdungsanalyse von Farnpflanzen in Deutschland. Verh. Ges. Okol. 26: 209-220. [German]

564. Schmid, E. & F. Oberwinkler. 1996. Light and electron microscopy of a distinctive VA mycorrhiza in mature sporophytes of Ophioglossum reticulatum. Mycological Research 100: 843-849.

565. Schneider, H. 1996. Vergleichende Wurzelanatomie der Farne. Shaker Press, Aachen, Germany. [German]

566. Schneider, H. 1996. The root anatomy of ferns: a comparative study. Pp. 271-283. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

567. Schneller, J. J. 1996. Antheridiogens in nature. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 122. [Abstract]

568. Schneller, J. J. 1996. Outbreeding depression in the fern Asplenium ruta-muraria L.: Evidence from enzyme electrophoresis, meiotic irregularities and reduced spore viability. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 59: 281-295.

569. Schneller, J. J. & R. Holderegger. 1996. Genetic variation in small, isolated fern populations. Journal of Vegetation Science 7: 113-120. [Asplenium septentrionale, Asplenium ruta-muraria, Polypodium vulgare]

570. Schneller, J. J. & R. Holderegger. 1996. Soil spore bank and genetic demography of populations of Athyrium filix-femina. Pp. 663-665. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

571. Schneller, J. J. & R. Holderegger. 1996. Colonisation events and genetic variability within populations of Asplenium ruta-muraria L. Pp. 571-580. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

572. Schumann, A. W. & H. A. Mills. 1996. Injury of leatherleaf fern and tomato from volatilized ammonia after fertilizer application. Journal of Plant Nutrition 19: 573-593. [Rumohra adiantiformis]

573. Schweitzer, H.-J. & C.-S. Li. 1996. Chamaedendron, a new genus of the lycophytes from the Lower Frasnian of South China, is described and founded on the type species Ch. multisporangiatum nov. spec. Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 238: 45-69.

574. Scott, A. C. & A. R. Hemsley. 1996. Palaeozoic megaspores. Pp. 629-639. In J. Jansonius & D. C. McGregor (Eds.). Palynology: Principles and Applications. American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists Foundation, Houston, Texas.

575. Segura Zubizarreta, A. & G. Mateo Sanz. 1996. On the flora of Soria, with other botanical notes V. Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 54: 449-456. [Ophioglossum azoricum]

576. Sevichan, P. J. & P. V. Madhusoodanan. 1996. Effect of Azolla pinnata R. Br. application as a biofertilizer for paddy in Kuttanad, Kerala. Geobios (Jodhpur) 23: 67-68.

577. Sevichan, P. J. & P. V. Madhusoodanan. 1996. Ecological and economic impact of Azolla rubra as biofertilizer in the paddy fields of Kerala. J. Ecobiol. 8: 61-65.

578. Sevichan, P. J. & P. V. Madhusoodanan. 1996. Comparative performance of three species of Azolla as a biofertilizer with different levels of chemical nitrogen fertilizer in the paddy fields. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 683-686. [Azolla pinnata, Azolla microphylla, Azolla mexicana] 579. Shaffer-Fehre, M. 1996. A preliminary investigation of the paraphyses of Vittaria (Vittariaceae). Pp. 531-534. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

580. Sharma, B. D., A. Sharma & D. Rathore. 1996. Gametophytes of Rajasthan ferns: Influence of PGRs on spore germination and sex expression. Indian Fern Journal 13: 14-17. [Adiantum lunulatum, Adiantum capillus-veneris, Actiniopteris radiata, Tectaria macrodonta, Cheilanthes farinosa, Hypodematium crenatum, Asplenium pumilum]

581. Sharma, B. D. & O. P. Suthar. 1996. Study of pterified spores and pollens in sections through cherts from the Rajmahal hills, Bihar. Journ. Palynal. 32: 129-133.

582. Sharma, S. D., R. C. Kirkwood & T. L. Whateley. 1996. Effect of non-ionic nonylphenol surfactants on surface physicochemical properties, uptake and distribution of asulam and diflufenican. Weed Research 36: 227-239. [Pteridium aquilinum]

583. Sharma, S. S. 1996. Cytotaxonomy of some ferns: Polypodiaceae. Phytomorphology 46: 69-80.

584. Sharpe, J. M. 1996. Growth and demography of sporophytes of Thelypteris angustifolia in the Luquillo rainforest of Puerto Rico. Pp. 667-668. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

585. Shatilova, I. I. & L. Stuchlik. 1996. The genus Pteris L. in the Neogene deposits of western Georgia. Acta Palaeobotanica 36: 5-77.

586. Shaver, G. R., J. A. Laundre, A. E. Giblin & K. J. Nadelhoffer. 1996. Changes in live plant biomass, primary production, and species composition along a riverside toposequence in Arctic Alaska, U.S.A. Arctic and Alpine Research 28: 363-379. [Equisetum]

587. Shaw, G. & D. C. Apperley. 1996. 13C-NMR spectra of Lycopodium clavatum sporopollenin and oxidatively polymerised beta-carotene. Grana 35: 125-127.

588. Sheffield, E. 1996. From pteridophyte spore to sporophyte in the natural environment. Pp. 541-549. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

589. Shiojima, K., T. Nakane, H. Ageta & S.-Q. Cai. 1996. Fern constituents: Two new secofilicane triterpenoids from Adiantum cuneatum. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin (Tokyo) 44: 630-632.

590. Shorina, N. I. 1996. Coexistence of gametophytes and sporophytes in homosporous ferns cenopopulations. Pp. 669-670. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

591. Shuang-Xing, G. 1996. Cretaceous angiosperm evolution and floral succession in China. Rheedea 6: 67-79.

592. Shute, C. H., A. R. Hemsley & P. K. Strother. 1996. Reassessment of dyads contained in a Late Silurian rhyniophytoid sporangium. Special Papers in Palaeontology 55: 137-145.

593. Siems, K., F. Weigt & E. Wollenweber. 1996. Drimanes from the epicuticular wax of the fern Nephrolepis biserrata [erratum: should be Macrothelypteris torresiana (Gaud.) Ching.]. Phytochemistry (Oxford) 41: 1119-1121.

594. Simabukuru, E. A., L. M. Esteves & G. M. Felippe. 1996. Ferns of a preserved cerrado region in southeast Brazil (Reserva Biologica de Moji Guacu, Sao Paulo): The study of spore morphology and its application in spore rain and spore bank analyses. Pp. 671. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

595. Singh, J., P. N. Viswanathan, P. Gupta & S. Devi. 1996. Changes in uptake of calcium caused by phytotoxicity of cadmium in Salvinia molesta. Ecotoxicology 5: 9-21. [Azolla caroliniana]

596. Singh, P. K., D. P. Singh & R. P. Singh. 1996. Germination of water fern Azolla caroliniana sporocarps at varied light, amino acids, sugars and abscisic acid. Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy Part B Biological Sciences 62: 353-358.

597. Sivinski, R., T. Lowrey & C. Keller. 1996. Additions to the floras of Colorado and New Mexico. Phytologia 79: 319-324. [Lycopodium clavatum]

598. Skog, J. E. 1996. Pteridophytes. Pp. 891-895. In E. J. Dasch (Ed.). Encylopedia of Earth Sciences. Macmillan References USA, New York.

599. Skvarla, J. J., J. R. Rowley & W. F. Chissoe. 1996. Corroded exines from Havinga"s leaf mold experiment. SEM. Palynology 20: 191-207. [Lycopodium]

600. Smith, B. L. 1996. The toxicity of bracken fern (genus Pteridium) to animals and its relevance to man. Pp. 63-76. In J. P. F. D'Mello (Ed.). Handbook of Plant and Fungal Toxicants. CRC Press, Boca Raton.

601. Smith, J. A. C. & K. Winter. 1996. Taxonomic distribution of crassulacean acid metabolism. Pp. 427-436. In K. Winter & J. A. C. Smith (Eds.). Ecological studies, analysis and synthesis, Vol 114. Crassulacean acid metabolism: biochemistry, ecophysiology and evolution (449 pp.). Springer-Verlag , New York.

602. Solangaarachchi, S. M. & R. P. K. Dushyantha. 1996. The effects of ramet density on growth and branching of Salvinia molesta. Journal of the National Science Council of Sri Lanka 24: 197-203.

603. Solangaarachchi, S. M. & W. M. D. S. K. Perera. 1996. Preliminary studies on changes in distribution of aquatic macrophytes in the Lunuwila tank in 1991-1993, after introduction of Cyrtobagous salviniae to control Salvinia molesta. Journal of the National Science Council of Sri Lanka 24: 81-94.

604. Song, C.-Q., B.-Y. Wang & X.-J. Sun. 1996. Implication of paleovegetational changes in Diaojiao Lake, Inner Mongolia. Acta Botanica Sinica 38: 568-575.

605. Srivastava, G. K., D. D. Pant & P. K. Shukla. 1996. The microspores of Isoetes coromandelina (Isoetaceae: Pteridophyta). Fern Gazette 15: 101-108.

606. Stafford, P. J. 1996. Spore morphology of northwest European Lycopodiopsida and Filicopsida. Pp. 535-537. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

607. Stamps, R. H. 1996. Developing improved irrigation and nutrient management practices: A case study-leatherleaf fern. Soil and Crop Science Society of Florida Proceedings 55: 71-73. [Rumohra adiantiformis]

608. Stearn, W. T. 1996. A short account of the life of Richard Eric Holttum (1895-1990) tropical botanist and religious thinker. Pp. 3-11. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

609. Stefanovic, S. & F. Rakotondrainibe. 1996. New taxa and a new rank of Selaginella (Selaginellaceae) from Madagascar and the Comoros. Novon 6: 203-209.

610. Steinfhof, M. & B. Zimmer. 1996. Spore banks an adequate means of ex situ conservation of tropical pteridophytes- Pp. 3. In Encuentro Internacional sobre Rescate Y Tratamiento de Plantas Amenazadas, Bayamo. [Abstract]

611. Steinhof, M. & B. Zimmer. 1996. Spore viability, gametophyte development, and sporophyte formation in two cultivated tropical species of Adiantum and Bolbitis. Pp. 332. In Botanikertagung, Tagungsprogramm und Abstracts. 25. [Abstract]

612. Stetsyuk, N. O. & V. V. Manyuk. 1996. New finding of Polystichum aculeatum (L.) Roth (Aspidiaceae) at the border of left-bank (Trans-Dnieper) of the forest-steppe and steppe. Ukrayins'kyi Botanichnyi Zhurnal 53: 551-554.

613. Stevenson, D. W. & H. Loconte. 1996. Ordinal and familial relationships of pteridophyte genera. Pp. 435-467. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

614. Stirling, A. M. & J. Mitchell. 1996. Pillwort at Loch Lomond. Glasgow Naturalist 23: 58. [Pilularia globulifera]

615. Stoor, A. M., M. Boudrie, C. Jerome, K. Horn & H. W. Bennert. 1996. Diphasiastrum oellgaardii (Lycopodiaceae, Pteridophyta), a new lycopod species from Central Europe and France. Feddes Repertorium 107: 149-157. [Diphasiastrum alpinum, Diphasiastrum tristachyum, Diphasiastrum complanatum]

616. Swatzell, L. J., M. J. Powell & J. Z. Kiss. 1996. The relationship of endophytic fungi to the gametophyte of the fern Schizaea pusilla. International Journal of Plant Sciences 157: 53-62.

617. Sweere, J. A., D. B. Stein & E. A. Zimmer. 1996. Nuclear ribosomal ITS sequence variation in the Osmundaceae. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 209. [Abstract]

618. Sykes, W. R. & J. C. Game. 1996. Phymatosorus (Polypodiaceae) in the Cook Islands. New Zealand Journal of Botany 34: 143-146.

619. Szankowski, M. & S. Klosowski. 1996. Habitat variability of the phytocoenoses of Isoeto-Lobelietum in Poland. Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica 41: 255-267. [Isoetes lacustris]

620. Szerdahelyi, T. & I. Pinter. 1996. The establishment of fern species and subsequent changes in a planted pine forest in Hungary. Pp. 673-674. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

621. Szmeja, J. 1996. Register of Polish lobelia lakes. Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Series Polonica 3: 347-367. [Isoetes lacustris]

622. Sztein, A. E., D. M. Ribnicky, J. D. Cohen & T. J. Cooke. 1996. Auxin metabolism in lower land plants. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 21. [Abstract, Selaginella kraussiana, Ceratopteris richardii]

623. Takama, H., G. Toyohara & H. Deguchi. 1996. Succession of secondary forests on the Sera Platform, Hiroshima Prefecture. Hikobia 12: 111-121. [Blechnum niponicum]

624. Takamiya, M. 1996. Index to chromosomes of Japanese Pteridophyta (1910-1996). Japan Pteridological Society, Tokyo. 119 pp.

625. Takamiya, M., M. Watanabe & K. Ono. 1996. Biosystematic studies on the genus Isoetes (Isoetaceae) in Japan. II. Meiotic behavior and reproductive mode of each cytotype. American Journal of Botany 83: 1309-1322. [Isoetes japonica, Isoetes asiatica]

626. Takiguchi, Y., R. Imaichi & M. Kato. 1996. Apical-cell initiation and irregular branching in Psilotum 'rhizome'. Pp. 469. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

627. Tang, X.-C. 1996. Huperzine A (Shuangyiping): A promising drug for Alzheimer"s disease. Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 17: 481-484. [Huperzia serrata]

628. Taylor, E. L. 1996. Enigmatic gymnosperms- Structurally preserved Permian and Triassic seed ferns from Antarctica. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 90: 303-318.

629. Taylor, R. S. L., N. P. Manandhar, J. B. Hudson & G. H. N. Towers. 1996. Antiviral activities of Nepalese medicinal plants. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 52: 157-163. [Lygodium]

630. Taylor, W. C. & S. B. Hoot. 1996. Species relationships in North American Isoetes (Isoetaceae) using ITS sequences. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 131. [Abstract]

631. Tchorzewska, D., V. B. Brukhin & J. Bednara. 1996. Plastids and mitochondria comportment in dividing meiocytes of Psilotum nudum. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae 65: 91-96.

632. Tel-Or, E., A. Rozen, E. Bar & H. Arad. 1996. Hydrogen photoproduction by Azolla and Anabaena azollae. Journal of Marine Biotechnology 4: 52-56.

633. Tennant, D. J. 1996. Cystopteris dickieana R. Sim in the central and eastern Scottish Highlands. Watsonia 21: 135-139.

634. Tesolin, G. & G. Tell. 1996. The epiphytic algae on floating macrophytes of a Parana river floodplain lake. Hydrobiologia 333: 111-120. [Salvinia rotuntifolia]

635. Theurillat, J.-P. & C. Latour. 1996. About Selaginella helvetica (L.) Link (Selaginellaceae, Pteridophyta) in Geneva and its sociology in the Alps. Saussurea 27: 83-91.

636. Thiery, J. 1996. Woodsia ilvensis rediscovered in Lower Saxony. Floristische Rundbriefe 30: 129-131.

637. Thompson, B. H. 1996. Lismore flora: Flowering plants and ferns. Glasgow Naturalist 23: 14-40.

638. Thomson, J. A. & A. B. Martin. 1996. Gnarled trichomes: An understudied character in Pteridium. American Fern Journal 86: 36-51.

639. Tollhurst, K. G. 1996. Management and Ecology of Bracken in South-eastern Australian Forests. School of Forestry and Resource Conservation, University of Melbourne, Australia. [Dissertation]

640. Trapp, S. 1996. Mapping of the Isoetid. Vegetation of two lakes near Bremerhaven, Germany, using diving-equipment. Abhandlungen Naturwissenschaftlichen Verein zu Bremen 43: 363-368. [Isoetes lacustris] 641. Treu, R., G. A. Laursen, S. L. Stephenson, J. C. Landolt & R. Densmore. 1996. Mycorrhizae from Denali National Park and Preserve, Alaska. Mycorrhiza 6: 21-29. [Lycopodium clavatum, Lycopodium selago, Lycopodium alpinum, Equisetum arvense, Equisetum variegatum]

642. Tripathi, R. O. & B. D. Sharma. 1996. Pteridophytic microfossils from Eocene lignite deposits of Rajasthan. Indian Fern Journal 13: 36-39.

643. Trivett, M. L. & K. B. Pigg. 1996. A survey of reticulate venation among fossil and living land plants. Pp. 8-31. In D. W. Taylor & L. J. Hickey (Eds.). Flowering plant origin, evolution and phylogeny (403 pp.) . Chapman and Hall Ltd., London, England, UK.

644. Tuomisto, H. & A. D. Poulsen. 1996. Influence of edaphic specialization on pteridophyte distribution in neotropical rain forests. Journal of Biogeography 23: 283-293.

645. Turner, I. M., Y. K. Wong, P. T. Chew & A. B. Ibrahim. 1996. Rapid assessment of tropical rain forest successional status using aerial photographs. Biological Conservation 77: 177-183.

646. Turner, N. & E. Spinner. 1996. Namurian (Arnsbergian-Chokierian) megaspore assemblages from northeast England. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 94: 211-230.

647. Tyler, T. 1996. Dryopteris expansa and D. dilatata: How to recognize them- Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 90: 107-111.

648. Uchida, K., T. Muramatsu, K. Tachibana, T. Kishimoto & M. Furuya. 1996. Isolation and characterization of the cDNA for an A-like cyclin in Adiantum capillus-veneris L. Plant and Cell Physiology 37: 825-832.

649. Unal, M. & E. Uzen. 1996. A new aquatic fern record for the flora of Turkey: Azolla filiculoides Lam. Turkish Journal of Botany 20: 379-381.

650. Unwin, G. L. & M. A. Hunt. 1996. Conservation and management of soft tree fern Dicksonia antartica in relation to commercial forestry and horticulture. Pp. 125-137. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

651. Uotila, P., H. Harmaja & S. Piippo. 1996. Accessions to the Botanical Museum of the Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki, in 1994. Memoranda Societatis pro Fauna et Flora Fennica 72: 19-21.

652. Valachovic, M. 1995. The role of cryptogams in differentiation of plant communities on the shady rocks in Western Carpathians. Thaiszia 5: 131-152.

653. Van Konijnenburg-Van Cittert, J. H. A. 1996. Two Osmundopsis species and their sterile foliage from the Middle Jurassic of Yorkshire. Palaeontology (Leeds) 39: 719-731.

654. Van Wyk, E. S., A. B. Wessels & P. J. Robbertse. 1996. Effect of different shade levels on the vase life of Rumohra adiantiformis (G. Forst.) Ching fronds. Applied Plant Science 10: 21-25.

655. Vanky, K. 1996. Mycosyrinx and other pair-spored Ustilaginales. Mycoscience 37: 173-185. [Osmunda regalis]

656. Vega, J. C. & R. Iannuzzi. 1996. Sphenopteris sarmientoi n. sp., a new frond with paleoequatorial morphological affinity from the Jejenes formation (Carboniferous, San Juan Province, Argentina). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias 68: 187-205.

657. Veit, M., W. Bilger, T. Muehlbauer, W. Brummet & K. Winter. 1996. Diurnal changes in flavonoids. Journal of Plant Physiology 148: 478-482. [Cryptogramma crispa]

658. Vela, E., B. Hill & S. Della-Casa. 1996. Recent acquisitions for the flora of the Bouches-du-Rhone Department. Bulletin de la Societe Linneenne de Provence 47: 89-92. [Polypodium interjectum]

659. Verdcourt, B. 1996. (1239-1240) Proposals to conserve the name Polypodium cordifolium with a conserved type, and to reject P. auriculatum, in order to stabilize nomenclature in Nephrolepis (Oleandraceae or Nephrolepidaceae). Taxon 45: 539-541. [Nephrolepis auriculata]

660. Viane, R., H. Rasbach, K. Rasbach & T. Reichstein. 1996. Observations on some ferns of Poros and adjacent parts of the Peloponnesus (Greece). Bocconea 5: 279-300.

661. Viney, D. E. 1996. An illustrated flora of North Cyprus, Vol. 2. Sedges, grasses and ferns. Koeltz Scientific Books, Champaign, Illinois. 167 pp.

662. Vogel, J. C. 1996. Conservation status and distribution of two serpentine restricted Asplenium species in central Europe. Pp. 187-188. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

663. Vogel, J. C., S. J. Russell, J. A. Barrett & M. Gibby. 1996. A non-coding region of chloroplast DNA as a tool to investigate reticulate evolution in European Asplenium. Pp. 313-327. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

664. Vogelien, D. L., L. G. Hickok & T. R. Warne. 1996. Differential effects of Na+, Mg-2+, K+, Ca-2+ and osmotic stress on the wild type and the NaCl-tolerant mutants stl1 and stl2 of Ceratopteris richardii. Plant Cell and Environment 19: 17-23.

665. Wagner, W. H. 1996. Phenology and photosynthesis in eastern North American pteridophytes. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 122. [Abstract]

666. Wagner, W. H. 1996. Deciduous vs. marcescent ferns and fern allies. Fiddlehead Forum 23: 32-33.

667. Wagner, W. H. 1996. Rare and endangered Michigan pteridophytes. Michigan Academician 28: 207-208.

668. Walck, J. L., J. M. Baskin, C. C. Baskin & S. W. Francis. 1996. Sandstone rockhouses of the eastern United States, with particular reference to the ecology and evolution of the endemic plant taxa. Botanical Review 62: 311-362.

669. Walker, L. R., D. J. Zarin, N. Fetcher, R. W. Myster & A. H. Johnson. 1996. Ecosystem development and plant succession on landslides in the Caribbean. Biotropica 28: 566-576. [Cyathea arborea]

670. Walker, T. G. 1996. Closing remarks. Pp. 677-679. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

671. Wallace, J. W. 1996. Do C-glycosylflavones represent the most primitive flavonoids- American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 119. [Abstract]

672. Wallace, J. W. 1996. Do filmy ferns represent the most primitive leptosporangiate ferns- American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 131-132. [Abstract] 673. Wallace, J. W. & M. Chen. 1996. Phylogenetic implications of flavonoids within the filmy ferns (Hymenophyllaceae). American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 132. [Abstract]

674. Wallace, J. W. 1996. Chemotaxonomy of the Hymenophyllaceae. II. C-glycosylflavones and flavone-O-glycosides of Trichomanes s.l. American Journal of Botany 83: 1304-1308. [Trichomanes]

675. Walter, M. R., D. Desmarais, J. D. Farmer & N. W. Hinman. 1996. Lithofacies and biofacies of Mid-Paleozoic thermal spring deposits in the Drummond Basin, Queensland, Australia. Palaios 11: 497-518.

676. Wang, D.-M. & S.-G. Hao. 1996. Report of Sawdonia in China: Sawdonia curstipa sp. nov. Acta Botanica Sinica 38: 318-322.

677. Wang, W.-M. 1996. A palynological survey of Neogene strata in Xiaolongtan Basin, Yunnan Province of South China. Acta Botanica Sinica 38: 743-748.

678. Wang, Z. R. 1996. Plant Allozyme Analysis. The Science Press, Beijing. 196 pp.

679. Warne, T. R., L. G. Hickok, T. B. Kinraide & D. L. Vogelien. 1996. High salinity tolerance in the stl2 mutation of Ceratopteris richardii is associated with enhanced K+ influx and loss. Plant Cell and Environment 19: 24-32.

680. Warne, T. R., L. G. Hickok & D. L. Vogelien. 1996. The salt tolerant STL2 mutation of Ceratopteris richardii exhibits enhanced selectivity for K+ over Na+. Plant Physiology (Rockville) 111: 133. [Abstract]

681. Watanabe, I. & C. Van Hove. 1996. Phylogenetic, molecular and breeding aspects of Azolla-Anabaena symbiosis. Pp. 611-619. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

682. Watanabe, M., M. Takamiya, T. Matsusaka & K. Ono. 1996. Biosystematic studies on the genus Isoetes (Isoetaceae) in Japan. III: Variability within qualitative and quantitative morphology of spores. Journal of Plant Research 109: 281-296. [Isoetes sinensis, Isoetes asiatica, Isoetes japonica]

683. Wawrzyniak, M. 1996. The effect of selected plant extracts on the cabbage butterfly, Pieris brassicae L. (Lepidoptera). Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 65: 93-99. [Equisetum arvense]

684. Werth, C. R., C. A. Caplen, L. Xiang, D. B. Lellinger, A. M. Evans & W. J. Kress. 1996. Isozyme variation in Asplenium auritum Swartz in Costa Rica. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 132. [Abstract]

685. West, D. D., C. D. Deangelis & M. A. Melan. 1996. Genetic mechanisms for the examination of microtubule associated protein function in higher plants. Molecular Biology of the Cell 7: 221A. [Abstract]

686. Westman, G. 1996. A new locality for Botrychium simplex in Dalarna, Sweden. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 90: 159-160.

687. Whittier, D. P. 1996. Extending the viability of Equisetum hyemale spores. American Fern Journal 86: 114-118.

688. Whittier, D. P. 1996. Delayed gametophyte growth in Botrychium. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 133. [Abstract] 689. Widen, C.-J. 1996. Nobelisti Tadeus Reichstein luonnonainekemian uranuurtaja. Kem.Kemi 23: 552-556.

690. Widen, C.-J., C. Fraser-Jenkins, T. Reichstein, M. Gibby & J. Sarvela. 1996. Phloroglucinol derivatives in Dryopteris sect. Fibrillosae and related taxa (Pteridophyta, Dryopteridaceae). Annales Botanici Fennici 33: 69-100.

691. Wijninga, V. M. 1996. A Pliocene Podocarpus forest mire from the area of the high plain of Bogota (Cordillera Oriental, Colombia). Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 92: 157-205.

692. Williams, L. R. 1996. The flora of Fryent Country Park, Middlesex. London Naturalist: 45-66.

693. Willis, K. J. 1996. Where did all the flowers go- The fate of temperate European flora during glacial periods. Endeavour (Cambridge) 20: 110-114.

694. Wilson, K. A. 1996. Alien ferns in Hawai'i. Pacific Science 50: 127-141.

695. Winands, A. & G. Wagner. 1996. Phytochrome of the green alga Mougeotia: cDNA sequence, autoregulation and phylogenetic position. Plant Molecular Biology 32: 589-597. [Selaginella]

696. Windisch, P. G. 1996. Towards assaying biodiversity in Brazilian pteridophytes. Pp. 109-117. In C. E. M. Bicudo & N. Menezes (Eds.). Biodiversity in Brazil: a first approach. CNPQ., Brasilia.

697. Windisch, P. G. 1996. Cuming's specimens in the pteridophyte collection from the Fee Herbarium in the Botanical Garden of Rio de Janeiro. Bradea 8: 1-4. [Hymenophyllum polyanthos, Trichomanes]

698. Windisch, P. G. 1996. Pteridophytes of Mato Grosso State: Hymenophyllaceae. Bradea 6: 400-423.

699. Windsor, D. M. & P. Jolivet. 1996. Aspects of the morphology and ecology of two Panamanian ant-plants, Hoffmannia vesiculifera (Rubiaceae) and Besleria formicaria (Gesneriaceae). Journal of Tropical Ecology 12: 835-842. [Solanopsis]

700. Wittborn, J., K. V. Rao, G. El-Ghazaly & J. R. Rowley. 1996. Substructure of spore and pollen grain exines in Lycopodium, Alnus, Betula, Fagus and Rhododendron: Investigation with atomic force and scanning tunnelling microscopy. Grana 35: 185-198.

701. Woerdenbag, H. J., L. R. Lutke, R. Bos, J. F. Stevens, R. Hulst, W. H. Kruizinga, Y.-P. Zhu, E. T. Elema, H. Hendriks, W. Van Uden & N. Pras. 1996. Isolation of two cytotoxic diterpenes from the fern Pteris multifida. Zeitschrift fuer Naturforschung Section C Journal of Biosciences 51: 635-638.

702. Wolf, P. G. 1996. Nucleotide sequences from atpB provide useful data for fern systematics. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 133. [Abstract]

703. Wolf, P. G. 1996. Pteridophyte phylogenies based on analysis of DNA sequences: a multiple gene approach. Pp. 203-215. In J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (Eds.). Pteridology in Perspective. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

704. Wollenweber, E. 1996. Flavonoids, phenolics and terpenoids in leaf exudates of Angiosperms and Pteridophytes. Pp. 211-220. In S. Antus, M. Gabor & K. Vetschera (Eds.). Flavonoids and bioflavonoids. Akademiai Kiado, Budapest.

705. Wolterbeek, H. T. & A. J. G. M. Van Der Meer. 1996. A sensitive and quantitative biosensing method for the determination of gamma-ray emitting radionuclides in surface water. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 33: 237-254. [Azolla filiculoides]

706. Womack, J. G., M. N. Burge & G. M. Eccleston. 1996. Progress in formulation of a vegetable-oil-based invert emulsion for mycoherbicidal control of bracken, Pteridium aquilinum. Pp. 535-539. In V. C. Moran & J. H. Hoffman (Eds.). Proc. IX International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds. University of Capetown, Stellenbosch, S. Africa.

707. Womack, J. G., G. M. Eccleston & M. N. Burge. 1996. A vegetable oil-based invert emulsion for mycoherbicide delivery. Biological Control 6: 23-28. [Pteridium aquilinum]

708. Wu, L., J. Chen, H. Lin, P. Van Mantgem, M. A. Harivardi & J. A. Harding. 1996. Effects of regenerant wastewater irrigation on growth and ion uptake of landscape plants. Hortscience 31: 325. [Abstract]

709. Wu, S.-F., J. Wang & M. Ru. 1996. A preliminary study of the Mangshan pteridophyte flora. Acta Museum Historiae Naturae Sinica 15: 105-120.

710. Wunsch, C. & M. Wada. 1996. Recovery of interphase nuclei from extreme structural alterations in centrifuged fern protonemal cells. European Journal of Cell Biology 71: 414-422. [Adiantum capillus-veneris]

711. Xia, F.-S. 1996. New knowledge on the Age of Hongguleleng formation in northwestern margin of Junggar Basin, Northern Xinjiang. Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica 13: 277-285.

712. Xian, X. 1996. Relationship between the distribution of Cd and Zn in root tissue and the heavy metal tolerance of mulberry and Athyrium yokoscense. Journal of Sericultural Science of Japan 65: 286-291.

713. Xiang, L. & C. R. Werth. 1996. An electrophoretic investigation of "populations" of the interspecific hybrid Dryopteris x triploidea. American Journal of Botany 83 Suppl. 6: 133. [Abstract]

714. Xu, Z. R., X. C. He & D. L. Bai. 1996. Studies on analogues of huperzine A for treatment of senile dementia II synthesis of analogues of (racemic) dinor huperzine A. Yaoxue Xuebao 31: 258-266. [Huperzia serrata]

715. Yamauchi, T., N. Oyama, H. Yamane, N. Murofushi, H. Schraudolf, M. Pour, M. Furber & L. N. Mander. 1996. Identification of antheridiogens in Lygodium circinnatum and Lygodium flexuosum. Plant Physiology (Rockville) 111: 741-745.

716. Yang, X.-D., S.-M. Wang & G.-B. Tong. 1996. Character of a nology and changes of monsoon climate over the last 10000 years in Gucheng Lake, Jiangsu Province. Acta Botanica Sinica 38: 576-581.

717. Yatskievych, G. 1996. A revision of the fern genus Phanerophlebia (Dryopteridaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 83: 168-199.

718. Yatsuhashi, H., S. Turnwald & R. Scheuerlein. 1996. Germination in spores of Dryopteris filix-mas: Regulation of rhizoid elongation as a second phytochrome-mediated response. Physiologia Plantarum 98: 399-406.

719. Yaya Huaman, R. 1996. Study about the Polypodium leucotomos extract in the treatment of the Alzheimer disease. Geriatrika (Madrid) 12: 23-30. 720. Yeung, O. Y. & Y. F. Han. 1996. Reversal effects of huperzine A and tacrine on memory deficits in bilateral NBM lesioned rats. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts 22: 439. [Abstract]

721. Yildiz, B. & E. Aktoklu. 1996. Contribution to the Flora of Malatya I: A preliminary study at the vicinity of Surgu-Celikhan. Turkish Journal of Botany 20: 267-278. [Equisetum oxycedrus]

722. Yoshida, A., H. Nishida & M. Nishida. 1996. Permineralized schizaeaceous fertile pinnules from the upper Cretaceous of Hokkaido, Japan. Res. Inst. Evolut. Biol. Sci. Rep. 8: 85-94.

723. Yoshida, A., M. Nishida & N. H. 1996. A permineralized osmundaceous petiole from the upper Cretaceous of Hokkaido, Japan. Res. Inst. Evolut. Biol. Sci. Rep. 8: 49-56.

724. Zapfack, L., A. B. Nkongmeneck, J. F. Villiers & M. Lowman. 1996. The importance of pteridophytes in the epiphytic flora of some phorophytes of the Cameroonian semi-deciduous rain forest. Selbyana 17: 76-81.

725. Zech, J. C. & P. R. Manning. 1996. Ophioglossum engelmannii in Trans-Pecos, Texas. American Fern Journal 86: 102.

726. Zenkteler, E. K. 1996. Micropropagation of Polypodium vulgare L. by rhizome explants. Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences Biological Sciences 43: 77-84.

727. Zentella, R. & G. Iturriaga. 1996. Molecular characterization of a cDNA encoding trehalose-6-phosphate synthase-phosphatase from the resurrection plant Selaginella lepidophylla. Plant Physiology (Rockville) 111: 47. [Abstract]

728. Zhang, L.-B. & H. S. Kung. 1996. A taxonomic study of the fern genus Polystichum Roth Sect. Metapolystichum Tagawa from China II. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 34: 68-76.

729. Zhang, S., T. Ai & L. Yang. 1996. Correlative study on storage time and quality of Rhizoma Dryopteris Crassirhizomae. Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi 21: 206-207, 254. [Dryopteris crassirhizomae]

730. Zhang, X.-C. 1996. On the genus Athyrium Ser. Epiraches Ching et Y. T. Hsieh ex Y. T. Hseih. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 34: 180-193.

731. Zhang, X.-C. & H. P. Nooteboom. 1996. Review of "Illustrations of Pteridophytes of Japan, Vol. 7 by S. Kurata and T. Nakaike (Eds.), 1994". Blumea 41: 260.

732. Zhi, C. & D. Kemin. 1996. Taxonomical identification of Chinese traditional drug Juanbai (Herba Selaginellae). Acta Academiae Medicinae Shanghai 23: 367-369. [Selaginella pulvinataisa, Sellaginella tamariscina]

733. Zhu, D.-Y., B. Dong-Lu & T. Xi-Can. 1996. Recent studies on traditional Chinese medicinal plants. Drug Development Research 39: 147-157. [Huperzia serrata]

734. Zhu, H., G.-X. Yang & S. Axing. 1996. A study on palaeomagnetism of Permian strata in the Dafengkou section, Yuzhou, Henan Province. Acta Geologica Sinica 70: 121-128.

735. Zi-Qiang, W. 1996. Recovery of vegetation from the terminal Permian mass extinction in North China. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 91: 121-142.

736. Zika, P. F. 1996. Pilularia americana A. Braun in Klamath County, Oregon. American Fern Journal 86: 26.

737. Zika, P. F. & E. R. Alverson. 1996. Ferns new to the Wallowa Mountains, Oregon. American Fern Journal 86: 61-64. [Botrychium campestre, Botrychium paradoxum, Cryptogramma stelleri]

738. Zimmer, B. & K. Hradecny. 1996. Reproductive features used to test monophyla of pre-defined groups in Selaginella. Pp. 309. In ICSEB V Fifth International Congress of Systematic and Evolutionary Biology. Origins and Evolution, Budapest. [Abstract]

739. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone. 1996. Monographs in Systematic Botany, Vol. 60. Catalog of the vascular plants of the Republic of Argentina, I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae and Angiospermae (Monocotyledoneae). Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis. 323 pp.