Annual Review of Pteridological Research - 2004

Literature Citations All Citations

1. Abbink, O. A., J. H. A. van Konijnenburg–van Cittert, C. J. van der Zwan & H. Visscher. 2004. A sporomorph ecogroup model for the northwest European Upper Jurassic Lower Cretaceous II: Application to an exploration well from the Dutch North Sea. Neth. J. of Geology/Geologie en Mijnbouw 83: 81–92.

2. Abbink, O. A., J. H. A. van Konijnenburg–van Cittert & H. Visscher. 2004. A sporomorph ecogroup model for the northwest European Upper Jurassic Lower Cretaceous I: Concepts and framework. Neth. J. of Geology/Geologie en Mijnbouw 83: 17–38.

3. Abdul–Salim, K., T. J. Motley & R. Moran. 2004. Elaphoglossum (Elaphoglossaceae) section Squamipedia: phylogenetic relationships based on chloroplast trnL–trnF and rps4–trnS sequences. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 824. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

4. Adalberto, P. R., A. C. Massabni, A. J. Goulart, R. Monti & P. M. Lacava. 2004. Effect of the phosphorus on the mineral uptake and pigmentation of Azolla caroliniana Willd. (Azollaceae). Revista Brasileira de Botanica 27: 581–585. [Portuguese]

5. Adams, J. B., B. M. Colloty & G. C. Bate. 2004. The distribution and state of mangroves along the coast of Transkei, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Wetlands Ecology & Management 12: 531–541. [Acrostichum aureum]

6. Aguiar, S., J. Amigo & L. G. Quintanilla. 2004. Does Blechnum collalense hybridize with B. mochaenum (Blechnaceae: Pteridophyta)? P. 37. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

7. Aguraiuja, R., M. Moora & M. Zobel. 2004. Population stage structure of Hawaiian endemic fern taxa of Diellia (Aspleniaceae): implications for monitoring and regional dynamics. Canadian Journal of Botany 82: 1438–1445.

8. Agustin–Ubide, M. P., C. Martinez–Cocera, A. Alonso–Llamazares, T. Robledo, M. Lombardero, J. Dominguez & M. A. Carballo. 2004. Diagnostic approach to anaphylaxis by carrot, related vegetables and horsetail (Equisetum arvense) in a homemaker. Allergy 59: 786–787.

9. Aida, M., K. Itoh, H. Ikeda, N. Harada, Y. Ishii & K. Usui. 2004. Susceptibilities of some aquatic ferns to paddy herbicide bensulfuron methyl. Weed Biology & Management 4: 127–135. [Azolla japonica, Marsilea quadrifolia, Salvinia natans, Isoetes japonica]

10. Al–Hamdani, S. H. & S. L. Blair. 2004. Influence of copper on selected physiological responses in Salvinia minima and its potential use in copper remediation. American Fern Journal 94: 47–56.

11. Alaback, P. & D. Casey. 2004. Effects of thinning on forest understory vegetation structure in southeast Alaska. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 89: 9. [Abstract]

12. Aldasoro, J. J., F. Cabezas & C. Aedo. 2004. Diversity and distribution of ferns in sub–Saharan Africa, Madagascar and some islands of the South Atlantic. Journal of Biogeography 31: 1579–1604.

13. Alkorta, I., J. Hernandez–Allica & C. Garbisu. 2004. Plants against the global epidemic of arsenic poisoning. Environment International 30: 949–951. [Pteris vittata]

14. Allen, C. M., S. Thames, S. Trichell & J. White. 2004. A quantitative study of the vegetation surrounding yellow lady–slipper orchid (Cypripedium kentuckiense, Orchidaceae) populations at Fort Polk in west central Louisiana. Sida Contributions to Botany 21: 409–417. [Thelypteris hexagonoptera]

15. Allison, M. & M. Ausden. 2004. Successful use of topsoil removal and soil amelioration to create heathland vegetation. Biological Conservation 120: 221–228. [Pteridium aquilinum] 16. Allison, S. D. & P. M. Vitousek. 2004. Extracellular enzyme activities and carbon chemistry as drivers of tropical plant litter decomposition. Biotropica 36: 285–296. [Cibotium glaucum, Dicranopteris linearis, Diplazium sandwichianum, Elaphoglossum alatum, Sphaeropteris cooperi]

17. Allison, S. D. & P. M. Vitousek. 2004. Rapid nutrient cycling in leaf litter from invasive plants in Hawai'i. Oecologia 141: 612–619. [Dicranopteris linearis, Diplazium sandwichianum, Elaphoglossum alatum, Sphaeropteris cooperi]

18. Alonso, J. L., I. Benedicto, M. Gomez–Gonzalo, J. P. Pivel, S. Gonzalez & M. Lopez–Cabrera. 2004. Regulation of UV–mediated activation of the transcription factors AP1 and NF–kB by an extract of Polypodium leucotomos. Journal of Investigative Dermatology 122: A144. [Abstract]

19. Alonso–Amelot, M. E., A. Oliveros & M. P. Calcagno–Pisarelli. 2004. Phenolics and condensed tannins in relation to altitude in neotropical Pteridium spp. A field study in the Venezuelan Andes. Biochemical Systematics & Ecology 32: 969–981.

20. Alverson, E. R. 2004. The current status of pteridophyte conservation in Washington. Fiddlehead Forum 31: 9–11.

21. Amakura, Y., A. M. Patten, L. B. Davin & N. G. Lewis. 2004. Metabolic profiling and chemical markers in primitive tracheophytes and Arabidopsis thaliana and their evolutionary implications. Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 228: U236. [Abstract]

22. Amarowicz, R., R. B. Pegg, P. Rahimi–Moghaddam, B. Barl & J. A. Weil. 2004. Free–radical scavenging capacity and antioxidant activity of selected plant species from the Canadian prairies. Food Chemistry 84: 551–562. [Equisetum]

23. Ambrosio, S. T. & N. F. de Melo. 2004. Interaction between sucrose and pH during in vitro culture of Nephrolepis biserrata (Sw.) Schott (Pteridophyta). Acta. Bot. Bras. 18: 809–813.

24. Amigo, J., L. G. Quintanilla & M. I. Romero. 2004. Pteridofitos (Division Pteridophyta). Pp. 165–255. In A. Rigueiro (Ed.). Proyecto Galicia, Vol. 42: Botanica II. Hercules Ediciones S. A., Coruna. [Spanish]

25. Amigo, J., C. Ramirez & L. G. Quintanilla. 2004. The Nothofagus nitida (Phil.) Krasser woodlands of southern Chile in the northern half of their range: phytosociological position. Acta Botanica Gallica 151: 3–31. [Hymenophyllaceae]

26. Andersson, U. B. 2004. Botany day in Orebo county 2004. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 98: 263–267. [Swedish; Asplenium ruta–muraria, A. trichomanes ssp. quadrivalens, Woodsia alpina]

27. Anonymous. 2004. Taxonomic study of Deparia petersenii (Woodsiaceae) based on cytological study and molecular genetic information. Bunrui 4: 185–189.

28. Anonymous. 2004. Lithinini looper moths – Class Insecta – Order Lepidoptera – Family geometridae – Subfamily ennominae – Tribe lithinini. Fauna of New Zealand 49: 5–7. [Pteridium esculentum]

29. Anonymous. 2004. Professor B. K. Nayar (1927–) fellow and life member Indian Fern Society – Publication on pteridophytes (1952–1995). Indian Fern Journal 21: 162–166.

30. Anonymous. 2004. Classification, phytogeography and conservation of the pteridophytes from Hainan Island. Newsl. Chinese Fern Soc. 9: 9–10.

31. Antonisamy, R., V. S. Manickam, V. Irudayaraj & M. Johnson. 2004. Scanning electron microscopic studies on the spores of Athyroid ferns from the wester Ghats, South India. Phytomorphology 54: 215–222.

32. Anzotegui, L. M. 2004. Megaflora of the chiquimil formation (Late Miocene) in the Santa Maria and Villavil valleys, Catamarca and Tucuman provinces, Argentina. Ameghiniana 41: 303–314. [Spanish]

33. Aoki, K., T. Hattori & N. Murakami. 2004. Interspecific sequence variation of chloroplast DNA among the component species of evergreen broad–leaved forests in Japan II. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 55: 125–128.

34. Aoki, K., T. Suzuki, T. W. Hsu & N. Murakami. 2004. Phylogeography of the component species of broad–leaved evergreen forests in Japan, based on chloroplast DNA variation. Journal of Plant Research 117: 77–94. [Arachniodes aristata, A. sporadosora]

35. Aragon, C. F. & E. Pangua. 2004. Spore viability under different storage conditions in four rupicolous Asplenium L. taxa. American Fern Journal 94: 28–38.

36. Arana, M. D., M. Ponce & N. B. Vischi. 2004. Synopsis of ferns and allied plants (Pteridophyta) from the province of Cordoba, Argentina. Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 39: 89–114. [Spanish]

37. Archangelsky, S. 2004. Cretaceous statistical palynology of the Austral Basin, Continental Platform, Argentina. II. Six wells of the Gallegos Area. III. Discussion and conclusions. Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Nueva Serie 6: 245–255. [Spanish]

38. Archer, M. J. G. & R. A. Caldwell. 2004. Response of six Australian plant species to heavy metal contamination at an abandoned mine site. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution 157: 257–267. [Pteridium esculentum]

39. Armitage, R. P., M. Kent & R. E. Weaver. 2004. Identification of the spectral characteristics of British semi–natural upland vegetation using direct ordination: a case study from Dartmoor, UK. International Journal of Remote Sensing 25: 3369–3388. [Pteridium aquilinum]

40. Arnold, A. E., S. Sarvate & F. Lutzoni. 2004. Diversity and specificity of endophytic fungi associated with representatives of major plant lineages in a temperate forest. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 89: 22–23. [Abstract; Equisetum, Polystichum, Huperzia]

41. Arora, A., A. Sood & P. K. Singh. 2004. Hyperaccumulation of cadmium and nickel by Azolla species. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology 9: 302–304.

42. Arreguin–Sanchez, M. de la L., J. Huerta–Zavala & B. A. Gutierrez–Becerril. 2004. Un nuevo registro para Mexico de Pleopeltis xsordidula (Maxon ex Weath, in Weath.) Mickel et Beitel, un hibrido entre P. astrolepis (Liebm.) Fourn. y P. falax (Schldl. et Cham.)Mickel et Beitel. (Polypodiaceae–Pteridophyta) en Tlaxcala, Mexico. Polibotanica 17: 39–43. [Spanish]

43. Athens, J. S. & J. V. Ward. 2004. Holocene vegetation, savanna origins and human settlement of Guam. Records of the Australian Museum (Suppl. 29): 15–30. [Gleichenia, Lycopodium]

44. Atkinson, I. A. E. 2004. Successional processes induced by fires on the northern offshore islands of New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 28: 181–193. [Pteridium esculentum]

45. Atta–Peters, D. & M. B. Salam. 2004. Late Cretaceous to early tertiary pollen grains from offshore Tano Basin, southwestern Ghana. Revista Espanola de Micropaleontologia 36: 451–465.

46. Baghla, A. & S. P. Khullar. 2004. The ferns of Solan District (Himachal Pradesh), W. Himalaya. Indian Fern Journal 21: 119–132.

47. Ballesteros, D., E. Estrelles & A. M. Ibars. 2004. Pteridophytic spore responses to ultra freezing temperatures for long term conservation in germplasm banks. P. 21. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract] 48. Banerjee, M., A. D'Rozario & S. Mitra. 2004. Morpho–anatomical study of the bractless equisetalean fertile shoot, Tulsidabaria indica, from the Early Permian of the Indian Lower Gondwana. Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 267: 19–32.

49. Bang, K. J., S. W. Han & J. H. Ju. 2004. Growth characteristics of Cyrtomium falcatum as an indoor plant under various light conditions. Journal of the Korean Society for Horticultural Science 45: 161–165.

50. Barale, G., E. Makhoul & D. Saad. 2004. Cenomanian flora from Nammoura (Lebanon): systematic and palaeoecology. Revue de Paleobiologie 23: 139–156. [French]

51. Barbara, T. & G. J. Gastony. 2004. Molecular phylogenetics and systematics of Pellaea section Ormopteris (Pteridaceae subfamily Cheilanthoideae). P. 37. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

52. Barbour, M. G., A. I. Solomeshch, R. F. Holland, C. W. Witham, R. L. Macdonald, S. S. Cilliers, J. A. Molina & J. J. Buck. 2004. Classification of Californian vernal pool vegetation for conservation purposes. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 89: 30. [Abstract; Isoetes orcuttii]

53. Barcelona, J. F. 2003. Preliminary report on the ferns and fern allies (Pteridophytes) of Mt. Bali–it, Balbalasang–Balbalan National Park, Kalinga, Northern Luzon, Phillipines. Sylvatrop: The Journal of Philippine ecosystems and natural resources 13: 81–92.

54. Barcelona, J. F. 2004. Noteworthy fern discoveries, collections, and observations from the montane forests of Luzon to the lowland karst forests of Bohol, Philippines. P. 19. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

55. Barcelona, J. F. 2004. Collection and conservation status of pteridophytes in Panay Island, Philippines. Philipp. Scient. 41: 57–73.

56. Bardgett, R. D. & L. R. Walker. 2004. Impact of coloniser plant species on the development of decomposer microbial communities following deglaciation. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 36: 555–559. [Equisetum]

57. Barlow, P. W., H. B. Luck & J. Luck. 2004. Pathways towards the evolution of a quiescent centre in roots. Biologia 59: 21–32. [Selaginella, Psilotum]

58. Barlow, P. W. & J. Luck. 2004. Deterministic cellular descendance and its relationship to the branching of plant organ axes. Protoplasma 224: 129–143. [Selaginella kraussiana, Psilotum nudum]

59. Barth, O. M., C. F. Barreto, L. G. Coelho & C. F. P. Luz. 2004. Pollen record and paleoenvironment of a 4210 years B.P. old sediment in the Bay of Guanabara, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Anais Da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias 76: 549–551.

60. Baruah, P. P. 2004. Phytosociological study of macrophytes in a few urban water bodies of Nagaon district, Assam (India). Advances in Plant Sciences 17: 223–230. [Marsilea quadrifolia]

61. Bazpai, A. & H. K. Goswami. 2004. Isoetes V: genomic reshuffle (A): DNA sequences. Bionature 24: 25–46.

62. Bek, J. & S. Oplustil. 2004. Palaeoecological constraints of some Lepidostrobus cones and their parent plants from the Late Palaeozoic continental basins of the Czech Republic. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 131: 49–89.

63. Belden Jr., A., G. R. Fleming, J. C. Ludwig, J. F. Townsend, N. E. Van Alstine & T. F. Wieboldt. 2004. Note: Virginia. Castanea 69: 144–153. [Trichomanes boschianum]

64. Benaroya, R. O., V. Tzin, E. Tel–Or & E. Zamski. 2004. Lead accumulation in the aquatic fern Azolla filiculoides. Plant Physiology & Biochemistry (Paris) 42: 639–645.

65. Benaroya, R. O., E. Zamski & E. Tel–Or. 2004. L–Myo–inositol 1–phosphate synthase in the aquatic fern Azolla filiculoides. Plant Physiology & Biochemistry (Paris) 42: 97–102.

66. Bennett, M. D. & I. J. Leitch. 2004. Pteridophyte DNA C–values database (release 3.0). http://www.kew.org/cval/hompage.html

67. Bercu, R. 2004. Histoanatomical analyses of some aquatic ferns of the Danube delta. Ex Ponto, Constanta, Romania. 66 pp.

68. Bercu, R. 2004. Anatomical features of the vegetative organs of Marsilea quadrifolia L. Cluj–Napoca, Contrib. Bot XXXIX: 149–154.

69. Bercu, R. 2004. Anatomical aspects of Azolla filiculoides Lam. Pp. 336–338. In I. Maksimoviae, M. Cuvardiae & S. Duriae (Eds.). European society of new methods in agricultural research. MONDOGRAF, Novi Sad, Serbia Montenegro XXXIV.

70. Bercu, R. 2004. Anatomy of Asplenium trichomanes L. "Sumarstvo". Forestry Journal Belgrade LVI 4: 41–48.

71. Bernardos, S., A. Amado, C. Aguiar, A. L. Crespi, A. Castro & F. Amich. 2004. Flora and vegetation of central–western Iberian Peninsula (CW of Spain and NE of Portugal). Acta Botanica Malacitana 29: 285–295. [Spanish; Lycopodiella inundata]

72. Berry, C. M., Y. F. Wang & C. S. Li. 2004. The impact of Chinese Devonian fossils on the search for fern origins. P. 27. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

73. Bethoux, O., J. Galtier & A. Nel. 2004. Earliest evidence of insect endophytic oviposition. Palaios 19: 408–413.

74. Beukema, H. & M. Van Noordwijk. 2004. Terrestrial pteridophytes as indicators of a forest–like environment in rubber production systems in the lowlands of Jambi, Sumatra. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 104: 63–73.

75. Bhandari, J. B., S. Choudhury & R. Mukhopadhyay. 2004. Morpho–anatomy and affinity of the members of Antrophyum Kaulf. in India. Indian Fern Journal 21: 26–44.

76. Bhattacharya, A. K. & K. Patra. 2004. Medicinal plants for rural women and child health care – Issues, options and strategy. Indian Forester 130: 385–397. [Selaginella bryopteris]

77. Bhattacharya, A. & R. Mukhopadhyay. 2004. Pteridophytic flora of the district of Barddhaman, West Bengal. Geophytology 34: 7–12.

78. Bhattarai, K. R., O. R. Vetaas & J. A. Grytnes. 2004. Fern species richness along a central Himalayan elevational gradient, Nepal. Journal of Biogeography 31: 389–400.

79. Bi, Y. F., X. K. Zheng, W. S. Feng & S. P. Shi. 2004. Isolation and structural identification of chemical constituents from Selaginella tamariscina (Beauv.) Spring. Yaoxue Xuebao 39: 41–45.

80. Biondi, E. & I. Vagge. 2004. The vegetal landscape of the Republic of San Marino. Fitosociologia (Pavia) 41(Suppl. 1): 53–78. [Asplenium trichomanes]

81. Bir, S. S. 2004. Bibliography of Indian Pteriodology. Indian Fern Journal 21: 160–161.

82. Bir, S. S. 2004. Some aspects of cytological evolution in Asplenoid and Athyroid ferns of India. Pp. 19–20. In International Congress on Emerging Trends in Plant Chromosome Research October 8–11, 2003. Punjabi University, Patiala, India. [Abstract]

83. Bjune, A. E., H. J. B. Birks & H. Seppae. 2004. Holocene vegetation and climate history on a continental–oceanic transect in northern Fennoscandia based on pollen and plant macrofossils. Boreas (Oslo) 33: 211–223.

84. Blackmore, S. & K. Walter. 2004. Cockroaches, rats and horsetails. P. 21. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

85. Blaylock, M. J., M. P. Elless & C. Y. Poynton. 2004. Phytoextraction of arsenic from CCA contaminated soils. International Journal of Phytoremediation 6: 189–190. [Abstract]

86. Bondada, B. R., S. Tu & L. Q. Ma. 2004. Absorption of foliar–applied arsenic by the arsenic hyperaccumulating fem (Pteris vittata L.). Science of the Total Environment 332: 61–70.

87. Bonde, S. D., P. Varghese, K. P. N. Kumaran, M. R. Shindikar & P. G. Gamre. 2004. Fossil chromosomes in an extinct Gondwanan seed plant (Pentoxylon). Current Science (Bangalore) 87: 865–866.

88. Boonkerd, T. 2004. Morphometric relationships between Colysis C. Presl and Leptochilus Kaulf. (Polypodiaceae: Pteridophyta). P. 37. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

89. Borcard, D., P. Legendre, C. Avois–Jacquet & H. Tuomisto. 2004. Dissecting the spatial structure of ecological data at multiple scales. Ecology 85: 1826–1832.

90. Borisovskaya, G. M. & M. Romanova. 2004. Diversity in fern steles: no more than nodal diversity? In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 242. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

91. Boudrie, M. 2004. Les pteridophytes de i'ile Robinson Crusoe (archipel Juan Fernandez, Chile). J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 24: 32–48. [French]

92. Boudrie, M. & J. Lambinon. 2004. Corrections et commentaires apportes aux exsiccata distribues dans les fascicules precedents: no. 17821 [27] – Dryopteris oligodonta. Soc. Ech. Pl. Vasc. Eur. Bass. Medit. 29: 22. [French]

93. Boyce, C. K., M. A. Zwieniecki, G. D. Cody, C. Jacobsen, S. Wirick, A. H. Knoll & N. M. Holbrook. 2004. Evolution of xylem lignification and hydrogel transport regulation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101: 17555–17558. [Pteridium]

94. Braun, U. 2004. Periconiella species occurring on ferns. Feddes Repertorium 115: 50–55.

95. Breitfeld, M., H.–D. Horbach & H. Vollrath. 2004. The situation of the pill fern (Pilularia globulifera L.) in Bavaria. Berichte der Bayerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft zur Erforschung der Heimischen Flora 73: 153–156. [German]

96. Bremer, P. 2004. On the ecology and demography of a terrestrial population of Asplenium trichomanes (Aspleniaceae: Pteridophyta) in the Netherlands. Fern Gazette 17: 85–96.

97. Brodribb, T. J. & N. M. Holbrook. 2004. Stomatal protection against hydraulic failure: a comparison of coexisting ferns and angiosperms. New Phytologist 162: 663–670. 98. Bronick, C. J., D. L. Mokma, K. Kizilkaya, H. Li & S. A. Boyd. 2004. Recementation of crushed ortstein by leaf extract from podzolizing and depodzolizing species. Soil Science 169: 306–313. [Pteridium aquilinum]

99. Brown, J. W., J. Baixeras, J. A. Solrzano–Filho & J. E. Kraus. 2004. Description and life history of an unusual fern–feeding tortricid moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) from Brazil. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 97: 865–871. [Microgramma squamulosa]

100. Brubaker, L. B. & S. D. Crausbay. 2004. A stand–scale pollen record improves understanding of no–analogue pollen assemblages in the Puget Lowlands, WA. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 89: 69. [Abstract; Pteridium aquilinum]

101. Brys, R., H. Jacquemyn, M. Hermy, J. H. Willerns & A. Zeevaert. 2004. Ophioglossum vulgatum L. at two contrasting sites in Voeren (province Limburg, Belgium). Natuurhistorisch Maandblad 93: 41–45.

102. Budantsev, A. Y. & V. V. Roshchina. 2004. Testing alkaloids as acetylcholinesterase activity inhibitors. Farmatsiya (Moscow) 5: 37–39. [Equisetum arvense]

103. Bujnoch, W. 2004. Farnfunde im ehemaligen Regierungbezirk Trier – 20. Nachtrag. Dendrocopos 31: 91–85. [German]

104. Bunluesin, S., M. Kruatrachue, P. Pokethitiyook, G. R. Lanza, E. S. Upatham & V. Soonthornsarathool. 2004. Plant screening and comparison of Ceratophyllum demersum and Hydrilla verticillata for cadmium accumulation. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination & Toxicology 73: 591–598. [Azolla pinnata]

105. Cabezudo, B., A. V. Perez Latorre, D. Navas, G. Caballero & O. Gavira. 2004. New data on the Andalusian flora. III. Acta Botanica Malacitana 29: 311–315. [Spanish; Gymnocarpium robertianum]

106. Cady, T. F. & D. Horton. 2004. Asplenium ruta–muraria L., Iowa. Amer. Fern. J. 94: 157–159.

107. Cahuzac, B., A. Cluzaud & J. Laporte–Cru. 2004. Geological and botanical data from the commune of Leognan and its surroundings (Gironde). Report of the excursion of the 24 April 2004. Bulletin de la Societe Linneenne de Bordeaux 32: 187–213. [French; Ophioglossum vulgatum]

108. Cahuzac, B. & J. Laporte–Cru. 2004. A Linnean excursion at Saucats, Gironde (5 April 2003). Geological and botanical data on this commune. Bulletin de la Societe Linneenne de Bordeaux 32: 261–288. [French; Lycopodiella inundata]

109. Caille, N., S. Swanwick, F. J. Zhao & S. P. McGrath. 2004. Arsenic hyperaccumulation by Pteris vittata from arsenic contaminated soils and the effect of liming and phosphate fertilisation. Environmental Pollution 132: 113–120.

110. Calcagno, M. P., J. L. Avila, I. Rudman, L. D. Otero & M. E. Alonso–Amelot. 2004. Food–dependent regurgitate effectiveness in the defence of grasshoppers against ants: the case of bracken–fed Abracris flavolineata (Orthoptera: Acrididae). Physiological Entomology 29: 123–128. [Pteridium caudatum]

111. Caluff, M. G. & C. Sanchez. 2004. Novelties in Thelypteris subg. Goniopteris (Thelypteridaceae, Pteridophyta) in Cuba. Willdenowia 34: 511–523.

112. Campos, V., M. Aparecida & F. Pires. 2004. Phytoremoval of arsenic from soil. Communications in Soil Science & Plant Analysis 35: 2137–2146. [Pteris vittata]

113. Carlsson, N., A. Kestrup, M. Martensson & P. Nystrom. 2004. Lethal and non–lethal effects of multiple indigenous predators on the invasive golden apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata). Freshwater Biology 49: 1269–1279. [Salvinia cucullata]

114. Carpenter, R. J., R. S. Hill, D. R. Greenwood, A. D. Partridge & M. A. Banks. 2004. No snow in the mountains: Early Eocene plant fossils from Hotham Heights, Victoria, Australia. Australian Journal of Botany 52: 685–718.

115. Cen, Y. J., X. F. Pang, Q. Zhou, Y. F. Peng & C. B. Xu. 2004. Bioassay on oviposition repellency of non–preferable plant extracts against citrus red mite Panonychus citri. Yingyong Shengtai Xuebao 15(9): 1687–1690. [Chinese; Dicranopteris pedata]

116. Chaerle, P. & R. L. L. Viane. 2004. Leaf anatomy and the occurrence of false veins in Asplenium (Aspleniaceae, Pteridophyta). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 145: 187–194.

117. Chambers, T. C. 2004. (1611) Proposal to conserve the name Blechnum vestitum (Blume) Kuhn against B. vestitum T. Moore (Blechnaceae). Taxon 53: 200.

118. Chang, Y. & S. Qiang. 2004. New fern records from Jiangsu Province. Bull. Bot. Res. (China) 24: 271.

119. Chen, G. G., N. C. Liang, J. F. Y. Lee, U. P. F. Chan, S. H. Wang, B. C. S. Leung & K. L. Leung. 2004. Over–expression of Bcl–2 against Pteris semipinnata L–induced apoptosis of human colon cancer cells via a NF–kappa B–related pathway. Apoptosis 9: 619–627.

120. Chen, H. Y. H., S. Legare & Y. Bergeron. 2004. Variation of the understory composition and diversity along a gradient of productivity in Populus tremuloides stands of northern British Columbia, Canada. Canadian Journal of Botany 82: 1314–1323. [Equisetum pratense]

121. Chen, R., B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, S. Tu, G. Kertulis & L. Q. Ma. 2004. Arsenic speciation in Chinese brake fern by ion–pair high–performance liquid chromatography–inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy. Analytica Chimica Acta 504: 199–207. [Pteris vittata]

122. Chinnery, L. 2004. Pteridophytes and their mycorrhizas: an evolutionary perspective. P. 35. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

123. Chiou, W. L., Y. M. Huang & G. M. Chen. 2004. Conservation of endangered ferns, Archangiopteris somai and A. itoi (Marattiaceae), by propagation from their stipules. P. 21. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

124. Chitaley, S. & C. S. Li. 2004. Smeadia clevelandensis gen. et sp nov from the Upper Devonian Cleveland Shale of Ohio, USA. Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 268: 75–92.

125. Choudhury, B. P., P. K. Nayak & J. Das. 2004. Mangroves of Chilka: Past and present. Journal of Economic & Taxonomic Botany 28: 18–24. [Acrostichum aureum]

126. Christenhusz, M. J. M. 2004. The hortus siccus (1566) of Petrus Cade: a description of the oldest known collection of dried plants made in the Low Countries. Archives of Natural History (London) 31: 30–43.

127. Christenhusz, M. J. M. & H. Tuomisto. 2004. Taxonomy, biogeography and ecology of Danaea (Marattiaceae). P. 12. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

128. Chuang, S. L. & J. M. Hu. 2004. The evolution of chloroplast matK genes, including identification of new homologues from Ophioglossum petiolatum and two lycophytes. Taiwania 49: 273–287. [Adiantum capillus–veneris, Lycopodiella cernua, Selaginella doederleinii, Psilotum]

129. Clarkson, B. R., L. A. Schipper & B. D. Clarkson. 2004. Vegetation and peat characteristics of restiad bogs on Chatham Island (Rekohu), New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 42: 293–312. [Gleichenia dicarpa]

130. Cleal, C. J., Y. G. Tenchov & E. L. Zodrow. 2004. Review of the late Westphalian – early Stephanian macrofloras of the Dobrudzha Coalfield, Bulgaria. Geologica Balcanica 34: 11–20.

131. Clifford, M. N. & S. Knight. 2004. The cinnamoyl–amino acid conjugates of green robusta coffee beans. Food Chemistry 87: 457–463. [Athyrium filix–femina]

132. Coles–Ritchie, M. C. 2004. Indicator plant species in managed and reference riparian sites of the interior northwestern US. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 89: 100–101. [Abstract; Equisetum arvense]

133. Colli, A. M. T., A. C. Fernandes, C. M. R. de Souza, R. A. Barboza, R. A. Correa, R. T. da Silva & A. Salino. 2004. Pteridophytes from Bebedouro State Forest, Bebedouro, SP, Brazil. Revista do Instituto Florestal 16: 147–152.

134. Colli, A. M. T., A. Salino, S. A. de Souza, R. T. da Silva & A. T. de Lucca. 2004. Pteridophytes from Vassununga State Park, Santa Rita do Pass Quatro (SP), Brazil. Glebas Capetinga Leste and Capetinga Oeste. Revista do Instituto Florestal 16: 25–30.

135. Colli, A. M. T., A. Salino, S. A. de Souza, A. T. de Lucca & R. T. da Silva. 2004. Pteridophytes from Vassununga State Park, Santa Rita do Passa Quatro (SP), Brazil. Gleba Pe–de–Gigante. Revista do Instituto Florestal 16: 121–127.

136. Cook, B. D., K. J. Davis, W. Wang, A. Desai, B. W. Berger, R. M. Teclaw, J. G. Martin, P. V. Bolstad, P. S. Bakwin, C. Yi & W. Heilman. 2004. Carbon exchange and venting anomalies in an upland deciduous forest in northern Wisconsin, USA. Agricultural & Forest Meteorology 126: 271–295. [Adiantum pedatum, Pteridium aquilinum]

137. Cook, C. D. K. 2004. Aquatic and wetland plants of Southern Africa: an identification manual for the stoneworts (Charophytina), liverworts (Marchantiopsida), mosses (Bryopsida), quillworts (Lycopodiopsida), ferns (Polypodiopsida) and flowering plants (Magnoliopsida) which grow in water and wetlands of Namibia, Botswana, Swaziland, Lesotho and Republic of South Africa. Backhuys, Leiden. 282 pp.

138. Cortez, L. 2004. The genus Cnemidaria C. Presl (Cyatheaceae) in the central region of the Mountain Range of the Coast, Venezuela. Mem. Fund. La Salle Cienc. Nat. 156: 131–140. [Spanish]

139. Costa, F. & C. Regina. 2004. Structure and composition of the ground–herb community in a terra–firme Central Amazonian forest. Acta Amazonica 34: 53–59.

140. Craig, E. M., T. C. Lin, C. C. Hsu, S. H. Lin, K. C. Lin, Y. J. Hsia & W. L. Chiou. 2004. Ecophysiology and plant size in a tropical epiphytic fern, Asplenium nidus, in Taiwan. International Journal of Plant Sciences 165: 65–72.

141. Craig, E. M., T. C. Lin, K. C. Lin, C. C. Hsu & W. L. Chiou. 2004. Causes and consequences of high osmotic potentials in epiphytic higher plants. Journal of Plant Physiology 161: 1119–1124.

142. Crane, P. R. 2004. Palaeobotany and the diversification of pteridophytes. P. 7. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract] 143. Cranfill, R. & H. Schneider. 2004. Phylogeny of the pteridoid ferns. P. 8. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

144. Daniel, H. & E. Lecamp. 2004. Distribution of three indigenous fern species along a rural–urban gradient in the city of Angers, France. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 3: 19–27. [Polypodium cambricum, P. interjectum, P. vulgare]

145. Daniels, A. E. D. & P. Daniel. 2004. Leptolejeunea balansae Steph. (Hepaticae: Jungermanniales) – A new record of Bryoflora from the Indian Mainland. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 101: 333–334. [Angiopteris evecta]

146. Das, S. 2004. Diversity of Aspleniaceae in India. Journal of Economic & Taxonomic Botany 28: 446–450.

147. das Neves, P. C. P. & S. G. Bauermann. 2004. Palynological catalogue of quaternary covering sediments in Rio Grande do Sul state (Guaiba e Capao do Leao), Brazil. Taxonomic descriptions – Part II: Bryophyta and Pteridophyta. Pesquisas Botanica 55: 227–251. [Portuguese]

148. Dauphin, P. 2004. An extraordinary irruption of Stenus picipes STEPH. in Haute–Vienne (Coleoptera Staphylinidae). Bulletin de la Societe Linneenne de Bordeaux 32: 214. [French; Athyrium filix–femina]

149. Daviero–Gomez, V., H. Kerp & H. Hass. 2004. Nothia aphylla: clones were amongst the earliest land plants! Annales de Paleontologie 90: 137–146. [French]

150. De Araujo Carvalho, M. 2004. Palynological assemblage from Aptian/Albian of the Sergipe Basin: Paleoenvironmental reconstruction. Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia 7: 159–168.

151. de la Sota, E. R. & G. E. Giudice. 2004. Morphological and structural data supporting the recognition of Cassebeera Kaulf. as a monotypic genus (Pteridaceae – Pteridophyta). Candollea 59: 181–189. [Spanish]

152. de la Sota, E. R., G. E. Giudice, M. Ponce, J. P. Ramos Giacosa & M. Arturi. 2004. Relaciones fitogeograficas de la flora pteridofitica serana bonaerense. Rev. Soc. Argen. Bot. 39: 181–194. [Spanish]

153. de la Sota, E. R. & O. G. Martinez. 2004. The pteridophytic diversity in cloud montane forests from Salta (NW Argentina). P. 49. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

154. de Lange, P. J., B. G. Murray & P. M. Datson. 2004. Contributions to a chromosome atlas of the New Zealand flora – 38. Counts for 50 families. New Zealand Journal of Botany 42: 873–904.

155. de Macale, M. A. R. & P. L. G. Vlek. 2004. The role of Azolla cover in improving the nitrogen use efficiency of lowland rice. Plant & Soil 263: 311–321.

156. De Marco Jr., P. & C. Daniela. 2004. Cues for territory choice in two tropical dragonflies. Neotropical Entomology 33: 397–401. [Salvinia molesta]

157. Decocq, G., M. Aubert, F. Dupont, D. Alard, R. Saguez, A. Wattez–Franger, B. de Foucault, A. Delelis–Dusollier & J. Bardat. 2004. Plant diversity in a managed temperate deciduous forest: understorey response to two silvicultural systems. Journal of Applied Ecology 41: 1065–1079.

158. Deng, H., Z. H. Ye & M. H. Wong. 2004. Accumulation of lead, zinc, copper and cadmium by 12 wetland plant species thriving in metal–contaminated sites in China. Environmental Pollution 132: 29–40. [Equisetum ramosisti]

159. DiMichele, W. A., R. W. Hook, W. J. Nelson & D. S. Chaney. 2004. An unusual Middle Permian flora from the Blaine Formation (Pease River Group: Leonardian–Guadalupian Series) of King County, West Texas. Journal of Paleontology 78: 765–782.

160. Dirkse, G. M. & W. P. Daamen. 2004. Dutch forest monitoring network, design and results. Community Ecology 5: 115–120. [Dryopteris dilatata]

161. Dixit, R. D. & S. Singh. 2004. Enumeration of the rare, endangered and endemic pteridophytes from Central India. Indian Fern Journal 21: 96–108.

162. Djan–Chekar, N., L. Brouillet, C. Hanel, S. Hay & J. E. Maunder. 2004. Vascular plants of the island of Newfoundland, Canada: Recent additions and rediscoveries. Rhodora 106: 167–177. [Equisetum hyemale ssp. affine]

163. Do Monte, F. H. M., J. G. dos Santos Jr., M. Russi, V. M. N. B. Lanziotti, L. K. A. M. d. A. Leal & G. M. Cunha. 2004. Antinociceptive and anti–inflammatory properties of the hydroalcoholic extract of stems from Equisetum arvense L. in mice. Pharmacological Research 49: 239–243.

164. Dogra, N. N., Y. Sing & R. Y. Raghumani Singh. 2004. Palynological assemblage from the Anjar intertrappeans, Kutch district, Gujarat: Age implications. Current Science (Bangalore) 86: 1596–1597.

165. Dombrovska, O. & Y. L. Qiu. 2004. Distribution of introns in the mitochondrial gene nad1 in land plants: phylogenetic and molecular evolutionary implications. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution 32: 246–263. [Equisetum, Adiantum, Asplenium, Ophioglossum, Osmunda]

166. Domingues de Almeida, J. 2004. Pteris vittata (Pteridaceae), naturalized in Portugal. Stud. Bot. (Salamanca) 22: 63–64.

167. Dominguez, E., C. Marticorena, A. Elvebakk & A. Pauchard. 2004. Checklist of the vascular flora of Pali Aike National Park, Patagonia, Chile. Gayana Botanica 61: 67–72. [Spanish]

168. Dong, S. Y., Z. C. Chen & X. C. Zhang. 2004. Additions to the pteriodophyte flora of Hainan Island, South China. Bull. Bot. Res. (China) 24: 137–140.

169. Dong, S. Y. & X. C. Zhang. 2004. Notes on the fern family Tectariaceae from Hainan Island, China. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 42: 375–379.

170. Douglas, G. W. 2004. Conservation evaluation of Lemmon's Holly Fern, Polystichum lemmonii, a threatened fern in Canada. Canadian Field–Naturalist 118: 164–168.

171. Drabkova, J., J. Bek & S. Oplustil. 2004. The first compression fossils of Spencerites (Scott) emend., and its isospores, from the Bolsovian (Pennsylvanian) of the Kladno–Rakovnik and Radnice basins, Czech Republic. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 130: 59–88.

172. Driscoll, H. E., D. S. Barrington & A. V. Gilman. 2004. A reexamination of the apogamous tetraploid Phegopteris (Thelypteridaceae) from northeastern North America. Rhodora 105: 309–321.

173. Druart, P. & M. M. Duckert–Henriod. 2004. Notes on floristics in Neuchatel VI. Bulletin de la Societe Neuchateloise des Sciences Naturelles 127: 27–56. [French; Asplenium trichomanes, A. trichomanes ssp. hastatum, Dryopteris expansa]

174. Duckett, J. G. & R. Ligrone. 2004. Fungal endophytes in the sporophytes and vascularised gametophytes of Psilotum and Tmesipteris. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 435. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

175. Dulamsuren, C., R. V. Kamelin, N. N. Cvelev, M. Hauck & M. Muehlenberg. 2004. Additions to the flora of the Khentej, Mongolia, 2. Willdenowia 34: 505–510. [Cystopteris sudetica, Dryopteris expansa]

176. Dulic, I. A. 2004. Geodynamics and paleoclimate as the basis of the development of Middle Cretaceous land vegetation in the Central Tethys. Bulletin Academie Serbe des Sciences et des Arts Classe des Sciences Mathematiques et Naturelles Sciences Naturelles 128: 23–45.

177. Dunn, M. T. 2004. The Fayetteville Flora I: Upper Mississippian (middle Chesterian/lower Namurian A) plant assemblages of permineralized and compression remains from Arkansas, USA. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 132: 79–102.

178. Dunn, M. T. & G. W. Rothwell. 2004. A century of seed ferns: a symposium to celebrate paradigm shifts in the understanding of seed plant evolution. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 155. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

179. Dyer, A. F. 2004. Henry Bradbury's first nature–prints of ferns. Fern Gazette 17: 59–77.

180. Eastwood, A., Q. C. B. Cronk, J. C. Vogel, A. Hemp & M. Gibby. 2004. Comparison of molecular and morphological data on St Helena: Elaphoglossum. Pl. Syst. Evol. 245: 93–106.

181. Eastwood, A., J. C. Vogel, M. Gibby & Q. C. B. Cronk. 2004. Relationships and genetic diversity of endemic Elaphoglossum from St Helena. Pl. Syst. Evol. 245: 107–118.

182. Eberlein, F., F. Eder, H. Hein & W. Lippert. 2004. Remarkable plant findings in the Chiemgau Alps. Berichte der Bayerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft zur Erforschung der Heimischen Flora 73: 175–176. [German; Ophioglossum vulgatum]

183. Ebihara, A., J. Y. Dubuisson, K. Iwatsuki & M. Ito. 2004. New insights on Trichomanes systematics. P. 13. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

184. Ebihara, A., S. Hennequin, K. Iwatsuki, P. D. Bostock, S. Matsumoto, R. Jaman, J.–Y. Dubuisson & M. Ito. 2004. Polyphyletic origin of Microtrichomanes (Prantl) Copel. (Hymenophyllaceae), with a revision of the species. Taxon 53: 935–948.

185. Edwards, D. 2004. Embryophytic sporophytes in the Rhynie and Windyfield cherts. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh–Earth Sciences 94: 397–410.

186. Egloff, F. 2004. Water plants in the Canton of Zurich (Switzerland): Cryptogamic macrophytes. Vierteljahrsschrift der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Zuerich 149: 59–73. [Swedish]

187. Eklund, H., D. J. Cantrill & J. E. Francis. 2004. Late Cretaceous plant mesofossils from Table Nunatak, Antarctica. Cretaceous Research 25: 211–228.

188. Ekrt, L. 2004. Asplenium adiantum–nigrum in the Cesky raj region (North Bohemia). Zpravy Ceske Bot. Spol. (Prague) 39: 37–40.

189. Engelskjon, T. 2004. Hartvig Saetra 1933–2004. Blyttia 62: 62. [Norwegian; Dryopteris carthusiana]

190. Enrico, L., G. Funes & M. Cabido. 2004. Regeneration of Polylepis australis Bitt. in the mountains of central Argentina. Forest Ecology & Management 190: 301–309.

191. Erdei, B. & V. Wilde. 2004. An Oligocene leaf assemblage from Csolnok, Dorog Basin, N Hungary. Revue de Paleobiologie 23: 117–138.

192. Essl, F. 2004. Distribution and habitat preference of Saxifraga xurbium, S. xgeum and S. cuneifolia in Upper Austria. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch–Botanischen Gesellschaft in Oesterreich 141: 13–41. [German; Cystopteris fragilis]

193. Estrelles, E., J. J. Herrero–Borgonon & A. M. Ibars. 2004. What about Equisetum hyemale L. (Equisetaceae: Pteridophyta) in the eastern Iberian peninsula? P. 38. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

194. Evrard, C. & C. Van Hove. 2004. Taxonomy of the American Azolla species (Azollaceae): a critical review. Systematics & Geography of Plants 74: 301–318.

195. Fairon–Demaret, M. & C. Hartkopf–Froeder. 2004. Late Famennian plant mesofossils from the Refrath 1 Borehole (Bergisch Gladbach–paffrath Syncline; Ardennes–Rhenish Massif, Germany). Courier Forschungs–Institut Senckenberg 251: 89–121.

196. Falcon–Lang, H. J., R. A. MacRae & A. Z. Csank. 2004. Palaeoecology of late cretaceous polar vegetation preserved in the Hansen point volcanics, NW Ellesmere Island, Canada. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 212: 45–64.

197. Falkengren–Grerup, U. & M. Schottelndreier. 2004. Vascular plants as indicators of nitrogen enrichment in soils. Plant Ecology 172: 51–62.

198. Fall, O., I. Fall & N. Hori. 2004. Assessment of the abundance and distribution of the aquatic plants and their impacts in the Senegal River Delta: The case of Khouma and Djoudj streams. Weed Technology 18: 1203–1209. [Salvinia molesta]

199. Faylga, A. O., L. Q. Ma, X. Cao & B. Rathinasabapathi. 2004. Effects of heavy metals on growth and arsenic accumulation in the arsenic hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata L. Environmental Pollution 132: 289–296.

200. Fei, S. 2004. Early development of mixed–oak forest stands. The Pennsylvania State University, Pennsylvania, USA. 170 pp. [Dissertation; Dennstaedtia punctilobula]

201. Fernandez, I., A. Cabaneiro & S. J. Gonzalez–Prieto. 2004. Use of 13C to monitor soil organic matter transformations caused by a simulated forest fire. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 18: 435–442. [Pteridium aquilinum]

202. Fernando, E. S., B. Y. Sun, M. H. Suh, H. Y. Kong & K. S. Koh. 2004. Flowering plants and ferns of Mt Makiling. ASEAN–Korea Environmental Cooperation Unit, Seoul. 368 pp.

203. Ferreira, E. S. B., A. N. Hulme, H. McNab & A. Quye. 2004. The natural constituents of historical textile dyes. Chemical Society Reviews 33: 329–336. [Diphasiastrum alpinum, D. complanatum, Huperzia selago]

204. Fiogbe, E. D., J. C. Micha & C. Van Hove. 2004. Use of a natural aquatic fern, Azolla microphylla, as a main component in food for the omnivorous–phytoplanktonophagous tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 20: 517–520.

205. Fitton, R. J. & R. J. Hebda. 2004. Late Quaternary history of vegetation, climate, and fire on south central Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. Palynology 28: 243. [Abstract]

206. Fleming, C. A. & B. E. Wofford. 2004. The vascular flora of Fall Creek Falls State Park, Van Buren and Bledsoe Counties, Tennessee. Castanea 69: 164–184. [Pilularia americana]

207. Flores–Palacios, A. & J. G. Garcia–Franco. 2004. Effect of isolation on the structure and nutrient content of oak epiphyte communities. Plant Ecology 173: 259–269. [Polypodium plebeium]

208. Fol, A. 2004. Les polypodes. Monde Pl. 99: 2–5. [French]

209. Fongen, M. & T. Wickstrom. 2004. Determination of fluoride in natural forest vegetation by fluoride selective electrode after rapid diffusion using hexamethyldisiloxane. Communications in Soil Science & Plant Analysis 35: 679–690. [Dryopteris filix–mas]

210. Fortney, R. H., M. Benedict, J. F. Gottgens, T. L. Walters, B. S. Leady & J. Rentch. 2004. Aquatic plant community composition and distribution along an inundation gradient at two ecologically–distinct sites in the Pantanal region of Brazil. Wetlands Ecology & Management 12: 575–585. [Salvinia auriculata]

211. Franca, G. S. & J. R. Stehmann. 2004. Floristic composition and structure of a tree component of a high montane forest in the municipality of Camanducaia, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Botanica 27: 19–30. [Portuguese; Dicksonia sellowiana]

212. Friedman, W. & J. Winther. 2004. Endomycorrhizal symbioses in ferns. P. 36. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

213. Fuchs, B. & K. Haselwandter. 2004. Red List plants: colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and dark septate endophytes. Mycorrhiza 14: 277–281. [Lycopodiella inundata]

214. Fuchs, R. & P. Keil. 2004. Onoclea sensibilis L. –– the sensitive fern in the Duisburg–Mulheim Forest in the western Ruhr area (North Rhine–Westphalia). Floristische Rundbriefe 37: 103–107. [German]

215. Funk, J. L. 2004. The effects of the invasive species Hedychium gardnerianum on nitrogen cycling in a Hawaiian montane rainforest. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 89: 170–171. [Abstract; Cibotium glaucum]

216. Galloway, J. M., R. E. A. Boudreau, F. A. Michel & R. T. Patterson. 2004. A palynological reconstruction of Holocene climate at James Lake, North–eastern Ontario. Palynology 28: 244. [Abstract]

217. Galloway, J. M., C. T. Doherty, H. M. Roe & R. T. Patterson. 2004. A pollen and diatom based reconstruction of Holocene paleoclimate at Two Frog Lake, coastal British Columbia, Canada. Palynology 28: 244–245. [Abstract]

218. Garcia, M. J., P. E. de Oliveira, E. de Siqueira & R. S. Fernandes. 2004. A holocene vegetational and climatic record from the Atlantic rainforest belt of coastal state of Sao Paulo, SE Brazil. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 131: 181–199.

219. Geiger, J. M. O., T. A. Ranker & J. M. Ramp. 2004. The origins and biogeography of Hawaiian ferns. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 332. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

220. Gensel, P. G. & J. E. Skog. 2004. A paleobotanical perspective on fundamental radiations in the pteridophytes. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 885. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

221. Gevrek, M. N., B. Samanci, B. Yagmur, O. Arabaci & E. Ozkaynak. 2004. Studies on the adaptation of Azolla mexicana in the Aegean and the Mediterranean regions. Plant Production Science 7: 50–54.

222. Ghosh, M., B. K. Mandal, B. B. Mandal, S. B. Lodh & A. K. Dash. 2004. The effect of planting date and nitrogen management on yield and quality of aromatic rice (Oryza sativa). Journal of Agricultural Science 142: 183–191. [Azolla]

223. Giacosa, J. P. R., M. A. Morbelli & G. E. Giudice. 2004. Spore wall ultrastructure in Anogramma species (Pteridaceae) from Argentina. Grana 43: 231–237.

224. Giacosa, R., E. R. de la Sota & G. E. Giudice. 2004. Biodiversity and chorology of pteridophytes from Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. P. 44. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

225. Giardini, M. 2004. Salvinia molesta D. S. Mitchell (Salviniaceae): the second record for Italy (Latium) and consideration about the control of this invasive species. Webbia 59(Part 2): 457–467. [Italian]

226. Gibby, M. & J. C. Vogel. 2004. Speciation and hybridization –– reviewing Manton's legacy. P. 28. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

227. Gikaara, D. M., M. E. Johnston & D. G. Edwards. 2004. Management of phosphorus supply to Australian floricultural species. Scientia Horticulturae (Amsterdam) 102: 311–323. [Sticherus]

228. Gilman, A. V. 2004. Botrychium pallidum newly discovered in Maine. Amer. Fern. J. 94: 155–156.

229. Giongo, C. & J. L. Waechter. 2004. Floristic composition and community structure of vascular epiphytes in a gallery forest of the Central Depression of Rio Grande do Sul. Revista Brasileira de Botanica 27: 563–572. [Portuguese; Microgramma vacciniifolia, Polypodium pleopeltifolium]

230. Giudice, G. E. 2004. Spore morphology of the Polypodiaceae from northwestern Argentina. Amer. Fern J. 94: 9–27. [Campyloneurum, Pecluma, Microgramma, Phlebodium, Pleopeltis, Polypodium]

231. Giudice, G. E., M. A. Morbelli, M. R. Pineiro, M. Copello & G. Erra. 2004. Spore morphology of the Polypodiaceae from northwestern Argentina. American Fern Journal 94: 9–27.

232. Glasspool, I., J. Hilton, M. E. Collinson & S. J. Wang. 2004. Defining the gigantopterid concept: A reinvestigation of Gigantopteris (Megalopteris) nicotianaefolia Schenck and its taxonomic implications. Palaeontology 47: 1339–1361.

233. Glasspool, I. J., J. Hilton, M. E. Collinson & S. J. Wang. 2004. Foliar physiognomy in Cathaysian gigantopterids and the potential to track Palaeozoic climates using an extinct plant group. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 205: 69–110.

234. Glazkova, E. A. 2004. New floristic records on the islands and the northern coast of the Gulf of Finland. Botanicheskii Zhurnal 89: 1182–1188. [Asplenium septentrionale, A. trichomanes, Woodsia ilvensis]

235. Gnaedinger, S. & R. Herbst. 2004. Triassic pteridophylla from the Norte Chico of Chile. I. The genus Taeniopteris Brongniart. Ameghiniana 41: 91–110.

236. Gnaedinger, S. & R. Herbst. 2004. Triassic Pteridophylla from the north of Chile. II. Genera Dejerseya Herbst, Linguifolium (Arber) Retallack and Yabeiella Oishi. Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Nueva Serie 6: 49–59. [Spanish]

237. Godefroid, S. & N. Koedam. 2004. Interspecific variation in soil compaction sensitivity among forest floor species. Biological Conservation 119: 207–217. [Oreopteris limbosperma]

238. Gombau, L., F. Garcia, A. Lahoz, M. Fabre, P. Roda, A. Brieva, J. L. Alonso, R. Tejedor, J. P. Pivel, J. V. Castell, M. J. Gomez–Lechon & S. Gonzalez. 2004. Antioxidative capacity, absorption and metabolism of aromatic components of an extract of Polypodium leucotomos. Journal of Investigative Dermatology 122: A143–A144. [Abstract]

239. Gomez, B., V. Daviero–Gomez, V. Perrichot, F. Thevenard, C. Coiffard, M. Philippe & D. Neraudeau. 2004. Floristic assemblages from the Albian–Cenomanian of Charente–Maritime (SW France). Annales de Paleontologie 90: 147–159. [French]

240. Gomez Serrano, G. & M. de la L. Arreguin-Sanchez. 2004. Clave generica ilustrada para la identificacion de pteridofitas de la Cunca del Rio Balsas, Mexico. Polibotanica 17: 45–69. [Spanish]

241. Goolsby, J. A. 2004. Potential distribution of the invasive old world climbing fern, Lygodium microphyllum, in North and South America. Natural Areas Journal 24: 351–353.

242. Goolsby, J. A., R. Zonneveld & A. Bourne. 2004. Prerelease assessment of impact on biomass production of an invasive weed, Lygodium microphyllum (Lygodiaceae: Pteridophyta), by a potential biological control agent, Floracarus perrepae (Acariformes: Eriophyidae). Environmental Entomology 33: 997–1002.

243. Gorelova, O. A., E. S. Lobakova & T. G. Korzhenevskaya. 2004. The infections activity of natural symbiotic cyanobacterial isolates in regarding non–symbiotrotrophic plants. Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta Seriya Xvi Biologiya 3: 39–44. [Russian; Azolla pinnata]

244. Gorss, J. 2004. Common fern may aid communities coping with arsenic contamination. Environmental Science & Technology 38: 219A–220A.

245. Goswami, H. K. 2004. Isoetes: IV – Reproduction. Bionature 24: 13–24.

246. Goswami, H. K. 2004. Some observations on Isoetes pantii complex: New segregate in nature. Indian Fern Journal 21: 150–157.

247. Goswami, H. K. & A. K. Bajpai. 2004. Differential molecular phenomena inside the micro and megasporangia of Isoetes pantii. P. 36. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

248. Gotlieb, J. E. 2004. Ferns in Research – I, the gametophyte. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 14: 49–55.

249. Gottlieb, J. E. 2004. Ferns in Research – II, the sporophyte. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 14: 85–92.

250. Grauvogel–Stamm, L. & B. Lugardon. 2004. The spores of the Triassic lycopsid Pleuromeia sternbergii (Munster) Corda: Morphology, ultrastructure, phylogenetic implications, and chronostratigraphic inferences. International Journal of Plant Sciences 165: 631–650.

251. Greer, G. K. & D. Curry. 2004. Pheromonal interactions among cordate gametophytes of the lady fern, Athyrium filix–femina. American Fern Journal 94: 1–8.

252. Grube, R. & B. Mohr. 2004. Vegetation and climate during the Eocene/Oligocene boundary interval in southern high latitudes – First results. Palynology 28: 246–247. [Abstract]

253. Guerra Santos, M., L. da Silva Sylvestre & D. S. Dun de Araujo. 2004. Analise floristica das pteridofitas do Parque Nacional da Restinga de Jurubatiba, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Acta Bot. Bras. 18: 271–280. [Portuguese]

254. Guha (Ghosh), P., R. Mukhopadhyay, P. K. Pal & K. Gupta. 2004. Antimicrobial activity of crude extracts and extracted phenols from gametophyte and sporophytic plant parts of Adiantum capillus–veneris L. Allelopathy Journal 13: 57–66.

255. Guignard, G., M. E. Popa & G. Barale. 2004. Ultrastructure of Early Jurassic fossil plant cuticles: Pachypteris gradinarui Popa. Tissue & Cell 36: 263–273. 256. Guillon, J. M. 2004. Phylogeny of horsetails (Equisetum) based on the chloroplast rps4 gene and adjacent noncoding sequences. Syst. Bot. 29: 251–259.

257. Gumaelius, L., B. Lahner, D. E. Salt & J. A. Banks. 2004. Arsenic hyperaccumulation in gametophytes of Pteris vittata. A new model system for analysis of arsenic hyperaccumulation. Plant Physiology 136: 3198–3208.

258. Gureyeva, I. I. 2004. Modification of morphological features of ferns in ontogenesis. P. 38. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

259. Gureyeva, I. I. 2004. About the ramification of the homosporous ferns. Pp. 72–73. In Proceedings of VII International Conference on Plant Morphology in memory of I. G. Serebryakov and T. I. Serebryakova. Moscow Pedagogical State University, Moscow. [Abstract; Russian]

260. Hafstad, I. & G. Rudolfsen. 2004. Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella nesting in reed Phragmites australis. Ornis Norvegica 27: 60–61. [Equisetum fluviatile]

261. Hall, R., V. McNicoll, D. Grocke, J. Craig & K. Johnston. 2004. Integrated stratigraphy of the lower and middle Fernie Formation in Alberta and British Columbia, Western Canada. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia 110: 61–68.

262. Hall, R. & S. Pitaru. 2004. New hettangian ammonite faunas and a Triassic Jurassic boundary succession, Fernie Formation, Williston Lake, British Columbia. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia 110: 53–60.

263. Halleck, L. F., J. M. Sharpe & X. Zou. 2004. Understorey fern responses to post–hurricane fertilization and debris removal in a Puerto Rican rain forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology 20: 173–181.

264. Hao, S. G., D. M. Wang & Q. Wang. 2004. A new species of Estinnophyton from the Lower Devonian Posongchong formation, Yunnan, China; its phylogenetic and palaeophytogeograpical signficance. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 146: 201–216.

265. Harnandez–Costillo, G., R. A. Stockey & G. W. Rothwell. 2004. Mesarch solenostelic ferns from the early Cretaceous Apple Bay locality, British Columbia, Canada. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 559. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

266. Hasebe, M. 2004. The origin and evolution of diploid body plans –– synthesis of evolultion and development. P. 34. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

267. Hashino, M., N. Takahashi & R. Imaichi. 2004. Comparative development of gametophytes of Polypodiaceae. P. 40. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

268. Haufler, C. H., A. R. Smith, T. A. Ranker & H. Schneider. 2004. A tale of two mechanisms: discovering how dispersal and vicariance contributed to the pattern of species diversity in the "polygrams". In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 434. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

269. Hauk, W., K. Gibson & T. Masters. 2004. An evaluation of genetic variation in Sceptridium biternatum and S. lunarioides using ISSR markers. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 873. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

270. Hayes, M. P., C. B. Hayes & J. P. Schuett–Hamies. 2004. Rana aurora aurora (northern red–legged frog). Herpetological Review 35: 52–53. [Polystichum munitum]

271. He, H. 2004. A taxonomic study of the fern genus Arachniodes Blume (Dryopteridaceae) from China. American Fern Journal 94: 163–182.

272. He, Z., H. Wang, J. Li, Q. Ye & W. C. Taylor. 2004. Chromosome behavior during meiosis and development of spore mother cells in the Chinese quillwort Isoetes sinensis T. C. Palmer (Isoetaceae). American Fern Journal 94: 183–195.

273. Heafner, K. D., R. J. Hickey & L. E. Watson. 2004. Taxonomic and systematic studies of Isoetes melanopoda Gay & Durieu assemblage in North America. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 775. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

274. Heckford, R. J. 2004. A consideration of the larvae of Psychoides verhuella Bruand, 1853, and P. filicivora (Meyrick, 1937) (Lepidoptera: Tineidae). Entomologist's Gazette 55: 211–214. [Phyllitis scolopendrium]

275. Heegaard, E. 2004. Trends in aquatic macrophyte species turnover in Northern Ireland – which factors determine the spatial distribution of local species turnover? Global Ecology & Biogeography 13: 397–408. [Isoetes lacustris]

276. Heenan, P. B., P. J. de Lange, E. K. Cameron, C. C. Ogle & P. D. Champion. 2004. Checklist of dicotyledons, gymnosperms, and pteridophytes naturalised or casual in New Zealand: additional records 2001–2003. New Zealand Journal of Botany 42: 797–814.

277. Helfer, S. 2004. Micro–fungal fern pathogens. P. 41. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

278. Hennequin, S., A. Ebihara, M. Ito, K. Iwatsuki & J. Y. Dubuisson. 2004. Phylogenetic systematics and evolution of the genus Hymenophyllum (Hymenophyllaceae). P. 13. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

279. Heraty, J., D. Hawks, J. S. Kostecki & A. Carmichael. 2004. Phylogeny and behaviour of the Gollumiellinae, a new subfamily of the ant–parasitic Eucharitidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Systematic Entomology 29: 544–559. [Cyathea latebrosa]

280. Herrero–Borgonon, J. J. 2004. New data about the non–native Iberian pterydophyte flora. Acta Botanica Malacitana 29: 263–265. [Spanish]

281. Heyligers, P. C. & L. G. Adams. 2004. Flora and vegetation of Montagu Island – past and present. Cunninghamia 8: 285–305. [Asplenium australasicum, A. obtusatum, Pteridium esculentum]

282. Hildebrand, T. J. & C. H. Haufler. 2004. Revising Lycopodium phylogeny: chloroplasts, mitochondria and morphology yield new perspectives and prospects. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 185. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

283. Hinman, S. E. & S. Brewer. 2004. Changes in plant species composition in restored wet pine savannas following a fire frequency reduction. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 89: 222. [Lycopodium]

284. Ho, Y. S. & C. C. Wang. 2004. Pseudo–isotherms for the sorption of cadmium ion onto tree fern. Process Biochemistry 39: 759–763.

285. Hoffmann, T., C. Kutter & J. M. Santamaria. 2004. Capacity of Salvinia minima Baker to tolerate and accumulate As and Pb. Engineering in Life Sciences 4: 61–65.

286. Hofton, T. H. 2004. Botanic oasis in Engerdal, Hedmark, with isolated occurrences of fragrant bedstraw. Blyttia 62: 212–214. [Norwegian; Dryopteris filix–mas]

287. Hong, N. H., T. D. Xuan, T. Eiji & T. D. Khanh. 2004. Paddy weed control by higher plants from Southeast Asia. Crop Protection 23: 255–261. [Blechnum orientale]

288. Hoot, S. B., N. S. Napier & W. C. Taylor. 2004. Revealing unknown or extinct lineages within Isoetes (Isoetaceae) using DNA sequences from hybrids. American Journal of Botany 91: 899–904.

289. Horrocks, J. 2004. Cystopteris fragilis. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 14: 27–28.

290. Horrocks, J. 2004. Dryopteris crassirhizoma. Hardy Fern Foundation Quarterly 14: 98–99.

291. Horrocks, M. 2004. Polynesian plant subsistence in prehistoric New Zealand: a summary of the microfossil evidence. N.Z. Jl Bot. 42: 321–334.

292. Horrocks, M., D. D'Costa, R. Wallace, R. Gardner & R. Kondo. 2004. Plant remains in coprolites: diet of a subalpine moa (Dinornithiformes) from southern New Zealand. Emu 104: 149–156. [Isoetes]

293. Horrocks, M., G. Irwin, M. Jones & D. Sutton. 2004. Starch grains and xylem cells of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) and bracken (Pteridium esculentum) in archaeological deposits from northern New Zealand. Journal of Archaeological Science 31: 251–258.

294. Horton, H. 2004. A survivor fern, Cheilanthes nudiuscula. Queensland Naturalist 42: 64–65. [Adiantum aethiopicum, A. atroviride]

295. Hoshizaki, B. J. 2004. A variegated Chinese fern new to United States Cultivation. Fiddlehead Forum 31: 38–39.

296. Hoshizaki, B. J. & K. Wilson. 2003. A Canary Island woodfern for our garden: Dryopteris oligodonta. Fiddlehead Forum 30: 9–11.

297. Hotten, K., E. M. Norman & P. F. Quintana–Ascencio. 2004. Plant growth and demography of the rare, epiphytic fern Ophioglossum palmatum (Chieroglossa palmata) at Tosohatchee State Reserve. Florida Scientist 68: 41–42. [Abstract]

298. Hou, G. & J. P. Hill. 2004. Developmental anatomy of the fifth shoot–borne root in young sporophytes of Ceratopteris richardii. Planta (Berlin) 219: 212–220.

299. Hou, G., J. P. Hill & E. B. Blancaflor. 2004. Developmental anatomy and auxin response of lateral root formation in Ceratopteris richardii. Journal of Experimental Botany 55: 685–693.

300. Hovenkamp, P. 2004. Nephrolepis – not "the devil's genus". P. 41. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

301. Hu, Y. G., L. J. Ma, X. Y. Song, C. Y. Wang, H. Zhang, W. Q. Ji & B. R. He. 2004. Strategies on functional genomics to plant abiotic stress tolerance. Xibei Zhiwu Xuebao 24: 943–948. [Selaginella lepidophylla]

302. Huang, J. W., C. Y. Poynton, L. V. Kochian & M. P. Elless. 2004. Phytofiltration of arsenic from drinking water using arsenic–hyperaccumulating ferns. Environmental Science & Technology 38: 3412–3417.

303. Huang, Y. M., H. M. Chou & W. L. Chiou. 2004. Density affects gametophyte growth and sexual expression of Osmunda cinnamomea (Osmundaceae: Pteridophyta). Annals of Botany 94: 229–232.

304. Huang, Z., T. Chen, M. Lei, T. Hu & Q. Huang. 2004. EXAFS study on arsenic species and transformation in arsenic hyperaccumulator. Science in China. Series C, Life Sciences 47: 124–129. [Pteris cretica L. var. nervosa]

305. Hudon, C. 2004. Shift in wetland plant composition and biomass following low–level episodes in the St. Lawrence River: looking into the future. Canadian Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences 61: 603–617. [Equisetum]

306. Huiet, L. & A. R. Smith. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships in Adiantum inferred from chloroplast coding and non–coding sequences. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 697. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

307. Huiet, L. & A. R. Smith. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships in Adiantum inferred from chloroplast coding and non–coding sequences. P. 11. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

308. Hunt, H. V., M. E. N. Majerus & J. C. Vogel. 2004. Breaking free of one's parents: the problem of polyploid establishment. P. 31. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

309. Husby, C. 2004. Ecophysiology of Equisetum giganteum in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 320. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

310. Hutchinson, G. & T. C. G. Rich. 2004. Lycopodiella inundata, Pilularia globulifera, Trichomanes speciosum and Woodsia ilvensis. P. 8. In Biodiversity Wales – Species of conservation or special interest to Wales. Department of Biodiversity and Systematic Biology, National Museums and Galleries of Wales,

311. Iannuzzi, R., C. E. L. Vieira, M. Guerra–Sommer, E. Diaz–Martinez & G. W. Grader. 2004. Permian plants from the Chutani Formation (Titicaca Group, northern Altiplano of Bolivia): II. The morphogenus Glossopteris. Anais Da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias 76: 129–138.

312. Igarashi, H. 2004. Distribution of Equisetum scirpoides and E. variegatum in Hokkaido, Northern Japan. Journal of Japanese Botany 79: 334–338.

313. Imperato, F. 2004. Vitexin 7–O–rhamnoside, a new flavonoid from Pteris vittata. American Fern Journal 94: 159–162.

314. Irudayaraj, V. & R. Senthamarai. 2004. Pharmacognostical studies on a medicinal fern Drynaria quercifolia (L.) J. Sm. (Polypodiaceae: Pteridophyta). Phytomorphology 54: 193–200.

315. Irvine, J., B. E. Law, M. R. Kurpius, P. M. Anthoni, D. Moore & P. A. Schwarz. 2004. Age–related changes in ecosystem structure and function and effects on water and carbon exchange in ponderosa pine. Tree Physiology 24: 753–763. [Pteridium aquilinum]

316. Iskandar, E., I. van Waveren, J. van Konijnenburg & R. Wagner. 2004. Review of the Permian pecopterids from Sumatra: what can be achieved quantitatively? P. 28. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

317. Ivanenko, Y. A. & N. N. Tzvelev. 2004. On the genus Diphasiastrum (Lycopodiaceae) in the Eastern Europe. Botanicheskii Zhurnal (Leningrad) 89: 100–113. [Russian]

318. Ivanova, D. 2004. Dryopteris affinis ssp. borreri (Pteriodphyta: Dryopteridaceae) in the Bulgarian flora. Flora Medit. 14: 201–218.

319. Jagdale, G. B. & P. S. Grewal. 2004. Effectiveness of a hot water drench for the control of foliar nematodes Aphelenchoides fragariae in floriculture. Journal of Nematology 36: 49–53. [Matteuccia pensylvanica]

320. Janssen, T. & M. Lehnert. 2004. How to deal with bulky ferns? Towards a standardized method for tree fern collections. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 218. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

321. Janssen, T. & M. Lehnert. 2004. How to deal with bulky ferns? Towards a standardized method for tree fern collections. P. 41. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

322. Janssen, T. & H. Schneider. 2004. Radiations in drynarioid ferns: Evolution of humus collectors, a putative morphological key innovation. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 168. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

323. Janssen, T. & H. Schneider. 2004. Dating the evolution of drynarioid humus collectors. P. 34. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

324. Jeong, J. C., J. W. Lee, C. H. Yoon, H. M. Kim & C. H. Kim. 2004. Drynariae Rhizoma promotes osteoblast differentiation and mineralization in MCM–E1 cells through regulation of bone morphogenetic protein–2, alkaline phosphatase, type I collagen and collagenase–1. Toxicology in Vitro 18: 829–834. [Drynaria fortunei]

325. Jerome, C. 2004. Une forme rare et curieuse de Lycopodium clavatum L. Monde Pl. 99: 11. [French]

326. Jesudasan, R. W. A., B. Muthuraj & J. A. Goolsby. 2004. Biology of Callopistria sp a (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): A herbivore of the old world climbing fern, Lygodium microphyllum. Journal of Applied Zoological Researches 15: 43–47.

327. Johnson, D. A., M. A. Thomas & J. P. Hill. 2004. Sugar transporter gene family discovery in the fern Ceratopteris richardii. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 586. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

328. Jones, G. D. 2004. The use of pollen as a marker for stinkbug dispersal. Palynology 28: 248. [Abstract; Lycopodium clavatum]

329. Jones, M. 2004. Landscape–scale distribution of tree ferns in relation to environmental variation at the La Selva Biological Station, Costa Rica. P. 15. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

330. Jones, M. E. 2004. Insect herbivore communities and air pollution: focusing on the effects of nitrogen and ozone on herbivores of bracken fern, California black oak, and ponderosa pine in dry temperate forests. University of California, Riverside, Riverside, California. 376 pp. [Dissertation; Pteridium aquilinum]

331. Judge, S. A. & J. G. Richardson. 2004. Palynology and associated macroflora of the bellepoint member of the Columbus Limestone (Devonian; Emsian–Eifelian) of central Ohio. Palynology 28: 249. [Abstract]

332. Juliani, H. R., J. A. Zygadlo, R. Scrivanti, E. R. de la Sota & J. E. Simon. 2004. The essential oil of Anemia tomentosa (Savigny) Sw. var. anthriscifolia (Schrad.) Mickel. Flavour & Fragrance Journal 19: 541–543. 333. Kamachi, H., E. Matsunaga, M. Noguchi & H. Inoue. 2004. Novel mutant phenotypes of a dark–germinating mutant dkg1 in the fern Ceratopteris richardii. Journal of Plant Research 117: 163–170.

334. Kamelin, R. V. & S. Darijmaa. 2004. New and rare species of the flora of Mongolia. Botanicheskii Zhurnal (Leningrad) 89: 323–326. [Matteuccia struthiopteris]

335. Kang, D. G., M. H. Yin, H. C. Oh, D. H. Lee & H. S. Lee. 2004. Vasorelaxation by amentoflavone isolated from Selaginella tamariscina. Planta Medica 70: 718–722.

336. Kankaala, P. & I. Bergstrom. 2004. Emission and oxidation of methane in Equisetum fluviatile stands growing on organic sediment and sand bottoms. Biogeochemistry (Dordrecht) 67: 21–37.

337. Karafit, S. J., G. W. Rothwell & R. A. Stockey. 2004. A dryopteroid fern with Onoclea–type stipe anatomy from the Eocene of North America. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 860. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

338. Karmachi, H., M. Noguchi & H. Inoue. 2004. Possible involvement of Ca2+–dependent protein kinases in spore germination of the fern Osmunda japonica. Journal of Plant Biology 47: 27–32.

339. Karrow, P. F. 2004. Late quaternary stratigraphic comparisons in south–central Ontario and Western New York and the Ois 5E to early 3 interval. Northeastern Geology & Environmental Sciences 26: 202–210.

340. Kasprzyk, I. 2004. Airborne pollen of entomophilous plants and spores of pteridophytes in Rzeszow and its environs (SE Poland). Aerobiologia 20: 217–222.

341. Katende, A. B. 2004. The diversity of macrophytes in some Kyoga basin lakes and their importance as fish habitats. African Journal of Ecology 42(Suppl. 1): 42–45. [Ceratophyllaceae, Azolla]

342. Kato, M. & Y. Okuyama. 2004. Changes in the biodiversity of a deciduous forest ecosystem caused by an increase in the Sika deer population at Ashiu, Japan. Contributions From the Biological Laboratory Kyoto University 29: 437. [Arachniodes standishii]

343. Kawai–Toyooka, H., C. Kuramoto, K. Orui, K. Motoyama, K. Kikuchi, T. Kanegae & M. Wada. 2004. DNA interference: a simple and efficient gene–silencing system for high–throughput functional analysis in the fern Adiantum. Plant & Cell Physiology 45: 1648–1657.

344. Kazmierczak, A. 2004. Aminooxyacetic acid inhibits antheridiogenesis and development of Anemia phyllitidis gametophytes. Plant Cell Reports 23: 203–210.

345. Keller, H. W. 2004. Tree canopy biodiversity: student research experiences in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Systematics & Geography of Plants 74: 47–65. [Polypodium appalachianum]

346. Kelly, D. L., G. Donovan, J. Feehan, S. Murphy, S. O. Drangeid & L. Marcano–Berti. 2004. The epiphyte communities of a montane rain forest in the Andes of Venezuela: patterns in the distribution of the flora. Journal of Tropical Ecology 20: 643–666.

347. Kelsall, N., C. Hazard & D. J. Leopold. 2004. Influence of climate factors on demographic changes in the New York populations of the federally–listed Phyllitis scolopendrium (L.) Newm. var. americana. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 131: 161–168.

348. Kenrick, P. & J. Hilton. 2004. Polypetalophyton and the Devonian origin of ferns. P. 27. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract] 349. Kerp, H., N. H. Trewin & H. Hass. 2004. New gametophytes from the Early Devonian Rhynie chert. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh–Earth Sciences 94: 411–428.

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351. Kessler, M. 2004. Distribution and evolution of fern endemism in the Bolivian Andes. P. 16. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

352. Kessler, M. 2004. Diversity and biogeography of Bolivian ferns at three spatial scales. Pp. 167-179. In S. W. Breckle, B. Schweizer & A. Fangmeier (Eds.). Results of worldwide ecological studies. Proceedings of the 2nd symposium of the A. F. W. Schimper–Foundation. Verlag G. Heimbach, Stuttgart.

353. Kholeif, S. E. A. 2004. Paleoenvironmental and paleoclimatological study of the Quaternary from a borehole in Wadi El–Natrun area, Western Desert, Egypt: a palynological approach. Revue de Paleobiologie 23: 157–167.

354. Kholia, B. S. & N. Punetha. 2004. The genus Colysis Presl in Western Himalaya. Phytotaxonomy 3: 119–123.

355. Kieling–Rubio, M. A. & P. G. Windisch. 2004. The genus Lindsaea Smith (Dennstaedtiaceae, Pteridophyta) in Rio Grande do Sul state – Brazil. Pesquisas Botanica 55: 163–171. [Portuguese]

356. Kilian, N. & P. Hein. 2004. Further notes on the flora of the southern coastal mountains of Yemen. Willdenowia 34: 159–182. [Adiantum balfouri, Ophioglossum gomezianum]

357. Kim, C. H. 2004. Conservation status of the endemic fern Mankyua chejuense (Ophioglossaceae) on Cheju Island, Republic of Korea. Oryx 38: 217–219.

358. Kim, C. H., Y. Y. Sun & S. H. Park. 2004. A new species of Phegopteris (Thelypteridaceae) from Korea. Novon 14: 440–443.

359. Kimura, T., M. Suzuki, M. Takenaka, K. Yamagishi & H. Shinmoto. 2004. L–O–Caffeoylhomoserine from Matteuccia struthiopteris. Phytochemistry 65: 423–426.

360. Kingston, N., S. Waldren & N. Smyth. 2004. Conservation genetics and ecology of Angiopteris chauliodonta Copel. (Marattiaceae), a critically endangered fern from Pitcairn Island, South Central Pacific Ocean. Biological Conservation 117: 309–319.

361. Kirkpatrick, R. 2004. What is Pellaea? In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 384. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

362. Kirkpatrick, R. 2004. A phylogenetic hypothesis and monophyletic circumscription of Pellaea. P. 10. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

363. Klavins, S. D. 2004. Re–interpretation of Wexfordia hookense from the Upper Devonian of Ireland as an arborescent lycophyte. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 144: 275–287.

364. Klavins, S. D., T. N. Taylor & E. L. Taylor. 2004. Matoniaceous ferns (Gleicheniales) from the Middle Triassic of Antarctica. Journal of Paleontology 78: 211–217.

365. Ko, J. W., Y. M. Huang & W. L. Chiou. 2004. Reproductive biology of Aglaomorpha meyeniana (Polypodiaceae; Pteridophyta). BioFormosana 39: 83–91.

366. Koch, M., M. Huthmann & K.–G. Bernhardt. 2004. Population dynamics of Cardamine amara L. (Brassicaceae): Evidence from the soil seed bank and aboveground populations. Botanische Jahrbuecher Fuer Systematik Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 125: 405–429. [Equisetum, Athyrium filix–femina]

367. Kofoed, E. M. & S. K. Auer. 2004. First description of the nest, eggs, young, and breeding behavior of the Great Antpitta (Grallaria excelsa). Wilson Bulletin 116: 105–108.

368. Korall, P. & P. Kenrick. 2004. The phylogenetic history of Selaginellaceae based on DNA sequences from the plastid and nucleus: extreme substitution rates and rate heterogeneity. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution 31: 852–864.

369. Korneck, D. & K. Horn. 2004. Verbreitung, Oekologie und Soziologie der im Hunsrueck vorkommenden Diphasiastrum Arten. Decheniana 157: 53–64. [German]

370. Koschnick, T. J., W. T. Haller & A. W. Chen. 2004. Carfentrazone–ethyl pond dissipation and efficacy on floating plants. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 42: 103–108. [Salvinia minima]

371. Kothari, R., M. K. Tripathi & B. L. Yadav. 2004. Cytological studies on Asplenium L. from Rajasthan. Indian Fern Journal 21: 23–25.

372. Kovar–Eder, J., Z. Kvacek & M. Strobitzer–Hermann. 2004. The miocene flora of Parschlug (Styria, Austria) – Revision and synthesis. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien a Mineralogie Petrologie Geologie Palaeontologie Archaeozoologie Anthropologie Praehistorie 105A: 45–159.

373. Krippel, Y. 2004. The pteridophyte diversity in Luxembourg. P. 42. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

374. Krippel, Y. & G. Colling. 2004. Floristic notes. Observations made in Luxembourg (2002–2003). Bull. Soc. Nat. Luxemb. 105: 25–56. [French]

375. Krizsik, V., I. Pinter, K. Major & G. Vida. 2004. Scale analyses of intrapopulation spatial genetic structure of Asplenium ceterach L. (Aspleniaceae: Pteridophyta) on the Hungarian Szent Gyorgy Hills. P. 30. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

376. Krukowski, M., M. Smoczyk & D. Wrobel. 2004. Notatki florystyczne z Doliny Odry. Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Polonica 11.

377. Krukowski, M. & K. Swierkosz. 2004. Discovery of the gametophytes of Trichomanes speciosum (Hymenophyllaceae: Pteridophyta) in Poland and its biogeographical importance. Fern Gazette 17: 79–84.

378. Kueper, W., H. Kreft, J. Nieder, N. Koester & W. Barthlott. 2004. Large–scale diversity patterns of vascular epiphytes in neotropical montane rain forests. Journal of Biogeography 31: 1477–1487.

379. Kukla, J., M. Kuklova & B. Schieber. 2004. Responses of some herbs to different ecological conditions in spruce ecosystems of the Bielovodska dolina valley. Ekologia–Bratislava 23: 252–269. [Dryopteris dilatata]

380. Kuriyama, A., T. Kobayashi, S. Hayashi & M. Maeda. 2004. Medium composition for the production of sporophytes of the fern Adiantum capillus–veneris. Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science 73: 580–582.

381. Kuriyama, A., T. Kobayashi & M. Maeda. 2004. Production of sporophytic plants of Cyathea lepifera, a tree fern, from in vitro cultured gametophyte. Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science 73: 140–142.

382. Kustatscher, E., M. Wachtler & J. H. A. van Konijnenburg–van Cittert. 2004. Some additional and revised taxa from the Ladinian flora of the Dolomites, Northern Italy. Geo. Alp. 1: 57–70.

383. Kuusk, A., M. Lang & T. Nilson. 2004. Simulation of the reflectance of ground vegetation in sub–boreal forests. Agricultural & Forest Meteorology 126: 33–46. [Pteridium aquilinum]

384. Kvacek, Z. & H. Walther. 2004. Oligocene flora of Bechlejovice at Decin from the Neovolcanic area of the Ceske Stredohori Mountains, Czech Republic. Sbornik Narodniho Muzea V Praze Rada B Prirodni Vedy 60: 9–60.

385. La Torre, A., G. Spera & D. Lolletti. 2004. Activity of natural products against courgette powdery mildew. Communications in Agricultural & Applied Biological Sciences 69: 671–678. [Equisetum arvense]

386. Labiak, P. H. 2004. A new combination in the fern genus Ceradenia (Grammitidaceae). Kew Bull. 58: 991–994.

387. Large, M. F. & J. E. Braggins. 2004. Tree ferns. Timber Press, Portland, Or. 359 pp.

388. Leadbeater, B. 2004. Irene Manton (1904–1988) – Legend and Legacy. P. 31. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

389. Lee, I., Y. Choi, J. Y. Hong, M. H. Jung & H. W. Lee. 2004. Synthesis of huperzine B through ring closing metathesis. Tetrahedron Letters 45: 285–287. [Huperzia serrata]

390. Lee, J. K., A. H. Eom & S. S. Lee. 2004. Identification of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi from Botrychium ternatum native in Korea. Mycobiology 32: 179–185.

391. Legere, A. & N. Samson. 2004. Tillage and weed management effects on weeds in barley–red clover cropping systems. Weed Science 52: 881–885. [Equisetum arvense]

392. Lehnert, M. 2004. Cyathea bettinae (Cyatheaceae), a new tree fern from Bolivia. Brittonia 56: 210–212.

393. Lehnert, M. 2004. New insights on neotropical Cyatheaceae. P. 17. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

394. Leitch, I. J. 2004. The ups and downs of genome size evolution in pteridophytes. P. 33. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

395. Li, C. X., S. G. Lu & Q. Yang. 2004. Phylogenetic analysis for Alsophila austroyunnanensis: evidence from chloroplast trnL intron and trnL–F intergenic spacer sequences. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 26: 519–523.

396. Li, C. X., S. G. Lu & Q. Yang. 2004. Advances in the studies of the origin and systematics of pteridophytes. Chinese Bull. Bot. 21: 478–485.

397. Li, N., X. Li, P. Zhang, Z. N. Li, S. L. Yang & J. H. Wang. 2004. New cycloartane glycoside from Camptosorus sibiricus Rupr. Archives of Pharmacal Research (Seoul) 27: 727–729.

398. Liang, H. S. 2004. Study on the resources of wild flowers in Qingyunshan Landscape and Scenic Area. Forest Research 17: 356–361. [Selaginella]

399. Liao, X. Y., T. B. Chen, M. Lei, Z. C. Huang, X. Y. Xiao & Z. Z. An. 2004. Root distributions and elemental accumulations of Chinese brake (Pteris vittata L.) from As–contaminated soils. Plant & Soil 261: 109–116.

400. Lindorf, H. 2004. Notices on the Austrian expedition in a Venezuelan document dated 1787 and comments on botanical names linked to the collectors. Acta Bot. Venezuel. 27: 57–64.

401. Lindsay, S. & D. J. Middleton. 2004. Adiantum phanomensis (Adiantaceae), a new fern species from Peninsular Thailand. Harvard Papers in Botany 8: 137–140.

402. Lingle, M. A., H. L. Diamond & L. J. Swatzell. 2004. Wax glands on Cheilanthes lanosa gametophytes. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 701. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

403. Lioi, M. B., R. Barbieri, G. Borzacchiello, S. Dezzi, S. Roperto, A. Santoro, V. Russo & R. Roperto. 2004. Chromosome aberrations in cattle with chronic enzootic haematuria. Journal of Comparative Pathology 131: 233–236. [Pteridium]

404. Little, S. A., R. A. Stockey & G. W. Rothwell. 2004. Anatomically preserved exarch solenostelic ferns from the Cretaceous Apple Bay locality, Vancouver Island. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 856. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

405. Liu, H. M. & X. C. Zhang. 2004. Selaginella decipiens Warb. (Selaginellaceae), a new record from China. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 42: 89–92.

406. Liu, H. Y., B. H. Liao, P. H. Zhou & P. Z. Yu. 2004. Toxicity of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate and alkylethoxylate to aquatic plants. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination & Toxicology 72: 866–872. [Azolla imbricata]

407. Liu, J. X. & X. F. Yan. 2004. Observations on the spore morphology of four species of Selaginellaceae from China. Chinese Bull. Bot. 21: 84–90.

408. Liu, X., W. R. Gituru & Q. F. Wang. 2004. Distribution of basic diploid and polyploid species of Isoetes in East Asia. Journal of Biogeography 31: 1239–1250.

409. Loinaze, V. S. P. & S. N. Cesari. 2004. Palynology of the Estratos de Mascasin, Upper Carboniferous, Paganzo Basin, Argentina: Systematic descriptions and stratigraphic considerations. Revista Espanola de Micropaleontologia 36: 407–438.

410. Looser, G. & R. Rodriguez. 2004. Chilean medicinal ferns and their popular names. Gayana Botanica 61: 1–5. [Spanish]

411. Lopes Pereira Peres, M. T., L. Barbosa Silva, O. Faccenda & S. C. Hess. 2004. Potencial alelopatico de especies de Pteridaceae (Pteridophyta). Acta Bot. Bras. 18: 723–730. [Portuguese]

412. Lopez–Smith, R. & K. Renzaglia. 2004. Does actin play a role in fertilization of Ceratopteris richardii? In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 584. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

413. Lorence, D. H. & G. Rouhan. 2004. A revision of the Mascarene species of Elaphoglossum (Elaphoglossaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 91: 536–565.

414. Lotova, L. I. 2004. Development and present state of plant anatomy at Moscow University. Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 109: 26–33. [Russian; Equisetum palustre, E. scirpoides, E. sylvaticum]

415. Lu, Y. P., Y. G. Chen & J. Wen. 2004. A new biflavone from Selaginella doederleinii. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 26: 226–228. [Chinese]

416. Lubienski, M., H. W. Bennert & S. Jessen. 2004. Equisetum xfont–queri Rothm. (= E. palustre L. x E. telmateia Ehrhart, Equisetaceae, Pteridophyta) since more than 150 years on the Baltic island of Rugen. Tuexenia 24: 329–337. [German]

417. Lupia, R. 2004. Megaspores and palynomorphs from the lower Potomac Group of Maryland, U.S.A. International Journal of Plant Sciences 165: 651–670.

418. Macia, M. J. 2004. A comparison of useful pteridophytes between two Amerindian groups from Amazonian Bolivia and Ecuador. American Fern Journal 94: 39–46.

419. MacLay, B. B. K., M. A. Hunter & M. P. Hayes. 2004. Thamnophis sirtalis concinnus (red–spotted garter snake). Herpetological Review 35: 74–75. [Polystichum munitum]

420. Mai, D. H. 2004. The Miocene and Pliocene floras from Northeast–Brandenburg and Southwest–Mecklenburg. Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 269: 1–130. [German]

421. Maideen, H., A. Latiff, A. Bidin, A. Damanhuri & R. Jaman. 2004. Notes on the genus Lygodium Swartz (Schizaeaceae) in Malaysia. Fern Gazette 17: 53–57.

422. Maine, M. A., N. L. Sune & S. C. Lagger. 2004. Chromium bioaccumulation: comparison of the capacity of two floating aquatic macrophytes. Water Research 38: 1494–1501. [Salvinia herzogii]

423. Maldonado, V., J. Alvarez–Sanchez & P. Moreno–Casasola. 2004. Litter decomposition in a wetland of the Gulf Coast of Mexico. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 89: 319. [Abstract; Acrostichum aureum]

424. Mallol, J., M. Giralt, M. R. Nogues, M. Mulero, M. Romeu, F. X. Sureda, J. Folch, V. Linares & S. Gonzalez. 2004. Ultraviolet radiation and oxidative stress in hairless rats. Photoprotective effect of a Polypodium leucotomos extract. Journal of Investigative Dermatology 122: A140–A141. [Abstract]

425. Manickam, V. S., A. Benniamin & S. Harikrishnan. 2004. Pteris ensiformis Burm. (Pteridaceae) a new distributional record for Tamil Nadu, South India. Indian Fern Journal 21: 93–95.

426. Manickam, V. S., A. Benniamin & S. Harikrishnan. 2004. Bolbitis sinensis (Baker) Iwatsuki (Bolbitidaceae) – A new record for Andhra Pradesh. Indian Fern Journal 21: 133–135.

427. Marenssi, S., V. Guler, S. Casadio, R. Guerstein & O. Papu. 2004. Sedimentology and palynology of the calafate formation (Maastrichtian), Austral Basin, Southern Patagonia, Argentina. Cretaceous Research 25: 907–918.

428. Martinez, M. R., M. L. Pochettino & A. R. Cortella. 2004. Environment and illness in the Calchaqui Valley (Salta, Argentina): phytotherapy for osteo–articular and cardio–circulatory diseases. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 95: 317–327. [Equisetaceae]

429. Martinez–Cruz, J. & O. Tellez–Valdes. 2004. Floristic checklist of the Santa Rosa Range, Guanajuato, Mexico. Boletin de la Sociedad Botanica de Mexico 74: 31–49. [Spanish; Selaginella porphyrospora]

430. Maruthi Sridhar, B. B. 2004. Monitoring plant spectral reflectance and internal structure changes during the phytoremediation processes for selected heavy metals. Mississippi State University, Mississipppi State, Mississippi. 156 pp. [Dissertation]

431. Maruyama, R., M. Maruyama & Y. Konno. 2004. Effects of understory vegetation and litter on the establishment of Abies sachalinensis and Picea jezoensis seedlings in a conifer forest in Hokkaido, northern Japan. Japanese Journal of Ecology (Otsu) 54: 105–115.

432. Matsunaga, T., T. Ishii, S. Matsumoto, M. Higuchi, A. Darvill, P. Albersheim & M. A. O'Neill. 2004. Occurrence of the primary cell wall polysaccharide rhamnogalacturonan II in pteridophytes, lycophytes, and bryophytes. Implications for the evolution of vascular plants. Plant Physiology (Rockville) 134: 339–351.

433. McConnachie, A. J., M. P. Hill & M. J. Byrne. 2004. Field assessment of a frond–feeding weevil, a successful biological control agent of red waterfern, Azolla filiculoides, in southern Africa. Biological Control 29: 326–331.

434. McHaffie, H. 2004. Conservation challenges of Woodsia ilvensis –– attempting to establish reproducing populations. P. 23. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

435. McHaffie, H. S. 2004. Woodsia ilvensis re–introduction programme. Pteridologist 4: 67.

436. Mehltreter, K. 2004. Das Frassfeinde und biochemischen Abwehrmechanismen tropisher Franpflanzen. Palmengarten 68: 39–42. [German]

437. Mehltreter, K., K. Hulber & P. Hietz. 2004. Herbivory on epiphytic ferns of a Mexican cloud forest. P. 18. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

438. Mehltreter, K., M. Ronzon Martinez & J. L. Gonzalez Galvez. 2004. Fern diversity and conservation in coffee plantations of central Veracruz, Mexico. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 368. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

439. Mekhfi, H., M. El Haouari, A. Legssyer, M. Bnouham, M. Aziz, F. Atmani, A. Remmal & A. Ziyyat. 2004. Platelet anti–aggregant property of some Moroccan medicinal plants. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 94: 317–322. [Equisetum arvense]

440. Mickel, J. T. 2004. Athyrium tejeroi Mickel, a renaming of A. tripinnatum Mickel & Tejero. Brittonia 56: 199.

441. Mickel, J. T. & A. R. Smith. 2004. The pteridophytes of Mexico. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 88: 1–1055+xxiv.

442. Mickel, J. T. & J. D. Tejero–Diez. 2004. Three new species of ferns (Woodsiaceae and Polypodiaceae) from Mexico. Brittonia 56: 115–120.

443. Mill, R. R. & P. Weston. 2004. (1613–1614) Proposals to reject the names Polypodiopsis and P. muelleri (Plantae vasculares, incertae sedis). Taxon 53: 53.

444. Minami, Y., K. Hirano, S.–I. Iwamoto & G. E. Bradfield. 2004. Distribution manner of Salal (Gaultheria shallon) and major understory species in Douglas–fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) dominated forest in Vancouver Island, Western Canada. Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture Tamagawa University 43–44: 39–50. [Pteridium aquilinum]

445. Mindell, R., R. A. Stockey, G. W. Rothwell & G. Beard. 2004. Vegetative gleicheniaceous remains from the Eocene of North America. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 134. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

446. Minganti, V., L. Cornara, M. Piana, A. Corallo & M. G. Mariotti. 2004. Arsenic biomonitoring using a hyperaccumulator fern (Pteris vittata). Journal of Environmental Monitoring 6: 23–25.

447. Miravet, J. & J. A. Rossello Picornell. 2004. Ophioglossum lusitanicum L. en la provincia de Castellon. Flora Montiberica 26: 203–205. [Spanish]

448. Miura, Y. 2004. Oxidative stress, radiation–adaptive responses, and aging. Journal of Radiation Research 45: 357–372. [Osmunda regalis]

449. Montgomery, J. D. 2004. Ferns on postage stamps. Fiddlehead Forum 31: 1–4.

450. Moore, T. G. 2004. Growing Angiopteris. Fiddlehead Forum 31: 17–18, 22.

451. Moran, R. C. 2004. A Natural History of Ferns. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon. 301 pp.

452. Moran, R. C., D. Trujillo, A. Perez, L. Salazar, D. Aviles & H. Navarrete. 2004. Low–trunk epiphytic ferns on tree ferns versus angiosperms in northwestern Ecuador. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 175. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

453. Moran, R. C. 2004. Dispatches from the fern frontier. Natural History October: 52–57.

454. Moran, R. C. & J. T. Mickel. 2004. Three new neotropical species of Elaphoglossum (Elaphoglossaceae) with subulate scales. Brittonia 56: 200–204.

455. Moran, R. C. & R. V. Russell. 2004. The occurrence of Trichomanes godmanii (Hymenophyllaceae) on Welfia georgii (Arecaceae) at the La Selva Biological Station, Costa Rica. American Fern Journal 94: 70–76.

456. Moran, R. C. & M. A. Sundue. 2004. Asplenium (sect. Hymenasplenium) basiscopicum, a new species from Bolivia. Brittonia 56: 124–127.

457. Moran, R. C. & J. E. Watkins, Jr. 2004. Lomariopsis xfarrarii: a new hybrid fern between L. japurensis and L. vestita (Lomariopsidaceae) from Costa Rica. Brittonia 56: 205–209.

458. Morita, H., Y. Hirasawa, T. Shinzato & J. Kobayashi. 2004. New phlegmarane–type, cernuane–type, and quinolizidine alkaloids from two species of Lycopodium. Tetrahedron 60: 7015–7023. biochem

459. Morton, C. M., J. Kartesz, B. Isaac & R. Coxe. 2004. Additions to and noteworthy records for the vascular flora of West Virginia. Sida Contributions to Botany 21: 481–485. [Lycopodiella alopecuroides, L. xcopelandii]

460. Moss, S. R., J. Storkey, J. W. Cussans, S. A. M. Perryman & M. V. Hewitt. 2004. The Broadbalk long–term experiment at Rothamsted: what has it told us about weeds? Weed Science 52: 864–873. [Equisetum arvense]

461. Mound, L. & M. Masumoto. 2004. Trichromothtips veversae sp.n. (Insecta, Thysanoptera), and the botanical significance of insects host–specific to Austral bracken fern (Pteridium esculentum). Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 125: 67–71.

462. Mueller, C., A. Barker, J.–L. Boeve, P. W. de Jong, H. de Vos & P. M. Brakefield. 2004. Phylogeography of two parthenogenetic sawfly species (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae): relationship of population genetic differentiation to host plant distribution. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 83: 219–227. [Pteridium aquilinum]

463. Mukhopadhyay, A. & D. Thapa. 2004. Nutritional status of ferns and their relation to insect infestation from Darjeeling foothills and plains. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 101: 224–226.

464. Mukhopadhyay, R. & D. Anapam. 2004. Anatomical observations on some Indian members of Seligenella Pal. Beauv. Phytomorphology 54: 39–49.

465. Murakami, N. 2004. Molecular alpha–taxonomy of pteridophytes and bryophytes. Bunrui 4: 105–116.

466. Murao, K., M. Takamiya, K. Ono, H. Takano & S. Takio. 2004. Copper deficiency induced expression of Fe–superoxide dismutase gene in Matteuccia struthiopteris. Plant Physiology & Biochemistry (Paris) 42: 143–148.

467. Nagalingum, N. S., H. Schneider, K. M. Pryer, R. Lupia & M. Nowak. 2004. Combining evidence from fossils and extant taxa to reconstruct the evolution of heterospory in ferns. P. 25. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

468. Nagy, J. 2004. Scree forests (Mercuriali–Tilietum) of the Borzsony Mountains, Hungary. Acta Botanica Hungarica 46: 319–336. [Cystopteris fragilis]

469. Nakaike, T. 2004. Index to scientific names of Japanese pteridophytes. J. Nippon Fernist Club 3 (suppl.2): 1–207.

470. Nakato, N., N. Sahashi & M. Kato. 2004. Cytotaxonomy of the Thelypteris japonica complex (Thelypteridaceae). Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 55: 89–105.

471. Nakazato, T., G. J. Gastony & L. H. Rieseberg. 2004. Genetic map–based analysis of genome structure in Ceratopteris richardii. P. 32. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

472. Natarajan, D., S. J. Britto, B. Balaguru, N. Nagamurugan, S. Soosairaj & D. I. Arockiasamy. 2004. Identification of conservation priority sites using remote sensing and GIS – A case study from Chitteri hills, Eastern Ghats, Tamil Nadu. Current Science (Bangalore) 86: 1316–1323. [Actiniopteris radiata]

473. Navarro, J. A., C. E. Lowe, R. Amons, T. Kohzuma, G. W. Canters & M. A. De la Rosa. 2004. Functional characterization of the evolutionarily divergent fern plastocyanin. European Journal of Biochemistry 271: 3449–3456. [Dryopteris, Nephrolepis exaltata, Polystichum]

474. Nayak, S., R. Prasanna, A. Pabby, T. K. Dominic & P. K. Singh. 2004. Effect of urea, blue green algae and Azolla on nitrogen fixation and chlorophyll accumulation in soil under rice. Biology & Fertility of Soils 40: 67–72.

475. Nguyen, L. P., J. Hamr & G. H. Parker. 2004. Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo silvestris, behavior in central Ontario during winter. Canadian Field–Naturalist 118: 251–255.

476. Nicholson, R. 2004. A good day: Plant–collecting in Taiwan. Arnoldia (Jamaica Plain) 63: 20–27. [Diploblechnum fraseri, Pseudodrynaria coronans]

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480. Nishiyama, T., P. G. Wolf, M. Kugita, R. B. Sinclair, M. Sugita, C. Sugiura, T. Wakasugi, K. Yamada, K. Yoshinaga, K. Yamaguchi, K. Ueda & M. Hasebe. 2004. Chloroplast phylogeny indicates that bryophytes are monophyletic. Molecular Biology & Evolution 21: 1813–1819. [Adiantum capillus–veneris]

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482. Norval, G. & J. J. Mao. 2004. Eumeces elegans (Elegant skink). Defensive behavior. Herpetological Review 35: 167–168. [Equisetum ramosissimum ssp. debile]

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484. Nunez, V., R. Otero, J. Barona, R. Fonnegra, S. Jimenez, R. G. Osorio, J. C. Quintana & A. Diaz. 2004. Inhibition of the toxic effects of Lachesis muta, Crotalus durissus cumanensis and Micrurus mipartitus snake venoms by plant extracts. Pharmaceutical Biology 42: 49–54. [Pleopeltis percussa, Trichomanes elegans]

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487. Odland, A., O. Junttila & J. Nilsen. 2004. Growth responses of Matteuccia struthiopteris plants from northern and southern Norway exposed to different temperature and photoperiod treatments. Nordic Journal of Botany 23: 237–246.

488. Oellgaard, B. 2004. Novelties in neotropical Lycopodiaceae. Nordic Journal of Botany 23: 31–47.

489. Often, A. 2004. An isolated elm in Genseland. Blyttia 62: 79–81. [Norwegian; Blechum spicant, Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum]

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498. Ortega, M. G., A. M. Agnese & J. L. Cabrera. 2004. Sauroine – a novel Lycopodium alkaloid from Huperzia saururus. Tetrahedron Letters 45: 7003–7005.

499. Ouaja, M., M. Philippe, G. Barale, S. Ferry & M. Ben Youssef. 2004. Discovery of an Oxfordian flora in Southeastern Tunisia: Stratigraphical and palaeoecological interests. Geobios 37: 89–97. [French]

500. Ough, K. & A. Murphy. 2004. Decline in tree–fern abundance after clearfell harvesting. Forest Ecology & Management 199: 153–163. [Cyathea australis, Dicksonia antarctica]

501. Owens, C. S., R. M. Smart & G. O. Dick. 2004. Regeneration of giant salvinia from apical and axillary buds following desiccation or physical damage. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 42: 117–119. [Salvinia molesta]

502. Owens, C. S., R. M. Smart & R. M. Stewart. 2004. Low temperature limits of giant salvinia. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 42: 91–94. [Salvinia molesta]

503. Pabby, A., R. Prasanna & P. K. Singh. 2004. Morphological characterisation of cultured and freshly separated cyanobionts (Nostocales, Cyanophyta) from Azolla species. Acta Botanica Hungarica 46: 211–223.

504. Pabby, A. R. & P. K. Singh. 2004. Biological significance of Azolla and its utilization in agriculture. Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy Part B Biological Sciences 70: 299–333. [Abstract]

505. Pacheco, L. 2004. A new species of Diplazium (Woodsiaceae) from Ecuador. Brittonia 56: 121–123.

506. Paciencia, M. L. B. & J. Prado. 2004. Edge effects on pteridophyte community in Atlantic rain forest of the Una region, South of Bahia State, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Botanica 27: 641–653. [Portuguese]

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508. Page, C. N. 2004. The intergeneric hybrid fern xAsplenophyllitis jacksonii in west Cornwall. Botanical Cornwall 12: 42–46.

509. Page, C. N. 2004. The generic status of Phyllitis and its phytogeographic significance in south–western England. Botanical Cornwall 12: 47–50.

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519. Pande, H. C., P. Joshi & P. C. Pande. 2004. A new site for Acrophorus paleolulatus Pichi–Sermolli (Pteridophyta) from Western Himalaya. Indian J. Forest 27: 125–127.

520. Pande, H. C., P. Joshi & P. C. Pande. 2004. Rediscovery of a rare fern – Dryopteris gamblei (Hope) C. Chr. from Garhwal Himalayas. Indian J. Forest 27: 235–236.

521. Pande, P. C., P. Joshi & H. C. Pande. 2004. Loxogramme porcata Price (Loxogrammaceae) a new record for Garhwal Himalaya (Uttaranchal). Phytotaxonomy 3: 63–65.

522. Pande, P. C., P. Joshi & H. C. Pande. 2004. Loxogramme cuspidata (Zeink) Price (Loxogrammaceae), a new record from North India. Phytotaxonomy 4: 107–108.

523. Pande, P. C. & H. C. Pande. 2004. Fern allies of Uttaranchal: checklist. Phytotaxonomy 3: 66–74.

524. Parag, V., K. Pradnya & M. Manasi. 2004. Phytoremediation of atrazine–contaminated water using aquatic plants. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 53: 275. [Azolla]

525. Parent, G. 2004. Flora and vegetation in Donnersberg (Rhine Palatinate). Naturalistes Belges 85: 91–117. [French; Lycopodium annotinum]

526. Parihar, P. & A. Bohra. 2004. Antibacterial activity of Actiniopteris radiata (Swartz.) Link. Advances in Plant Sciences 17: 567–570.

527. Parihar, P. & A. Bohra. 2004. Antisalmonellae activity of three species of Adiantum from Rajasthan, Western India. Indian Fern Journal 21: 136–139.

528. Parihar, P., L. Parihar & A. Bohra. 2004. Antifungal activity of Cheilanthes albomarginata Clarke and Marsilea minuta Linn. against Aspergillus flavus. Indian Fern Journal 21: 140–143.

529. Park, C. H. 2004. Apomixis and its evolution in Cornopteris christenseniana (Woodsiaceae). Bunrui 4: 87–89.

530. Park, C. H. & M. Kato. 2004. Molecular evidence for multiple origins of the apomixis triploid fern Cornopteris christenseniana (Woodsiaceae). P. 42. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

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532. Parris, B. S. 2004. The Grammitidiaceae of Mount Jaya, New Guinea, and other montane Malesian localities. P. 16. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

533. Parris, B. S. 2004. Three new species of Grammitidaceae (Filicales) from New Guinea. Contributions to the flora of Mount Jaya XIV. Kew Bull. 59: 219–222.

534. Parris, B. S. 2004. New combinations in Acrosorus, Lellingeria, Prosaptia and Themelium (Grammitidaceae: Filicales). Kew Bull. 59: 223–225.

535. Pascal–Lorber, S., E. Rathahao, J. P. Cravedi & F. Laurent. 2004. Metabolic fate of (14C)–2,4–dichlorophenol in macrophytes. Chemosphere 56: 275–284. [Salvinia natans]

536. Pearce, K. G. 2004. The vegetation and plants of Niah National Park, Borneo. Gardens' Bulletin (Singapore) 56(Part 1–2): 101–145.

537. Peret, A. M. & I. Bianchini Jr. 2004. Stoichiometry of aerobic mineralization (O/C) of aquatic macrophytes leachate from a tropical lagoon ( Sao Paulo – Brazil). Hydrobiologia 528: 167–178. [Salvinia auriculata]

538. Perez–Garcia, B. & A. Mendoza–Ruiz. 2004. A contribution to the gametophyte morphology and development in several species of Thelypteris, Thelypteridaceae. American Fern Journal 94: 143–154.

539. Perrie, L. & P. Brownsey. 2004. New Zealand Asplenium revisited – DNA sequencing and AFLP fingerprinting. P. 29. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

540. Perrie, L. R. & P. J. Brownsey. 2004. trnL intron variation in New Zealand taxa of the Asplenium obtusatum chloroplast group. Tuhinga 15: 1–5.

541. Pervesler, P. & A. Uchman. 2004. Ichnofossils from the type area of the Grund Formation (Miocene, Lower Badenian) in Northern Lower Austria (Molasse Basin). Geologica Carpathica 55: 103–110.

542. Pessao Santiago, A. C., I. C. Leao Barros & L. da Silva Sylvestre. 2004. Pteridofitas ocorrentes em tres fragmentos florestais de um brejo de altitude (Bonito, Pernambuco, Brasil). Acta Bot. Bras. 18: 781–792. [Portuguese]

543. Peyrin–Biroulet, L., H. Barraud, F. Petit–Laurent, D. Ancel, J. Watelet, L. Chone, H. Hudziak, M.–A. Bigard & J.–P. Bronowicki. 2004. Hepatotoxicity associated with herbal remedies: clinical, biological, histological data and the mechanisms involved in some typical examples. Gastroenterologie Clinique et Biologique 28: 540–550. [Lycopodium serratum (= Huperzia serrata)]

544. Phukan, S. N. 2004. Effect of fern plant extract on the growth and incidence of late blight fungus Phytophthora infestans on potato. Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy Part B Biological Sciences 74: 257–262. [Adiantum reniforme, Dryopteris filix–mas, Polypodium decorum]

545. Piekos Mirkowa, H. & E. Zenkteler. 2004. Polish Pteridological bibliography (1848–2003). Polish Botanical Studies, Guidebook Series, Pas, W. Szafer Institute of Botany 27: 1–80.

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547. Popper, Z. A. & S. C. Fry. 2004. Primary cell wall composition of pteridophytes and spermatophytes. New Phytologist 164: 165–174.

548. Popper, Z. A., I. H. Sadler & S. C. Fry. 2004. 3–O–Methylrhamnose in lower land plant primary cell walls. Biochemical Systematics & Ecology 32: 279–289. [Diphasiastrum alpinum, Huperzia selago, Lycopodium pinifolium]

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550. Prado, J. 2004. Nomenclatural corrections in Adiantum. American Fern Journal 94: 112.

551. Prado, J. 2004. Pteridofitas do Macico da Jureia. Pp. 139-151. In O. A. V. Marques & W. Dulaba (Eds.). Estacao Ecological Jureia–Itatins: ambiente fisico, flora e fauna. FAPESP e Instituto Butantan. Editora Holos, Ribeirao Preto. [Portuguese]

552. Prado, J. 2004. Cryptogams of "Parque Estadual das Fontes do Ipiranga", Sao Paulo, SP. Pteridophyta: key to the families; 2. Blechnaceae. Hoehnea 31: 1–10. [Portuguese]

553. Prado, J. 2004. Cryptogams of "Parque Estadual das Fontes do Ipiranga", Sao Paulo, SP. Pteridophyta: 5. Dennstaedtiaceae. Hoehnea 31: 11–22. [Portuguese]

554. Prado, J. 2004. Cryptogams of "Parque Estadual das Fontes do Ipiranga", Sao Paulo, SP. Pteridophyta: 8. Gleicheniaceae. Hoehnea 31: 33–37. [Portuguese]

555. Prado, J. 2004. Cryptogams of "Parque Estadual das Fontes do Ipiranga", Sao Paulo, SP. Pteridophyta: 17. Pteridaceae. Hoehnea 31: 39–49. [Portuguese]

556. Prado, J. 2004. Cryptogams of "Parque Estadual das Fontes do Ipiranga", Sao Paulo, SP. Pteridophyta: 15. Osmundaceae. Hoehnea 31: 93–96. [Portuguese]

557. Prado, J. 2004. Cryptogams of "Parque Estadual das Fontes do Ipiranga", Sao Paulo, SP Pteridophyta: 14. Ophioglossaceae. Hoehnea 31: 171–174. [Portuguese]

558. Prado, J. 2004. Cryptogams of "Parque Estadual das Fontes do Ipiranga", Sao Paulo, SP Pteridophyta: 6. Dicksoniaceae. Hoehnea 31: 239–242. [Portuguese]

559. Prado, J. & C. E. M. Bicudo. 2004. Proposals to amend Article 29. Taxon 53: 219.

560. Pramparo, M. B., J. P. Milana, S. Ballent & O. Gallego. 2004. Integrated palynologic and paleontologic studies of a lower cretaceous fluvio–lacustrine sequence of central western Argentina. Palynology 28: 260. [Abstract]

561. Praptosuwiryo, T. N. & D. Darnaedi. 2004. Cytologoical study of some species of ferns genus Diplazium in Java I. Floribunda 2: 128–137.

562. Prasher, I. B., A. Baghla & S. P. Khullar. 2004. VAM association in some ferns from Chail, Himachal Pradesh, NW Himalaya. Indian Fern Journal 21: 144–149.

563. Prellvitz, L. J. & E. F. Albertoni. 2004. Temporal characterization of the macroinvertebrate community associated with Salvinia spp. (Salviniacea) of a coastal plain stream in southern Brazil (Rio Grande – RS). Acta Biologica Leopoldensia 26: 213–223. [Portuguese]

564. Pryer, K. M., H. Schneider & S. Magallon. 2004. The radiation of vascular plants. Pp. 138–153. In J. Cracraft & M. J. Donoghue (Eds.). Assembling the tree of life. Oxford University Press, London.

565. Pryer, K. M., E. Schuettpelz, P. G. Wolf, H. Schneider, A. R. Smith & R. Cranfill. 2004. Phylogeny and evolution of ferns (monilophytes) with a focus on the early leptosporangiate divergences. American Journal of Botany 91: 1582–1598.

566. Pryer, K. M., E. Schuettpelz, P. G. Wolf, H. Schneider, A. R. Smith & R. Cranfill. 2004. Phylogeny and evolution of monilophytes: a new perspective on ferns, with a focus on a early–diverging leptosporangiate lineages. P. 7. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

567. Psenicka, J. & J. Bek. 2004. Tenchovia bulgariaensis gen. et sp.nov from the Pennsylvanian of the Dobrudzha Coalfield, Bulgaria. Geologica Balcanica 34: 69–76.

568. Punetha, N., A. K. Pant & B. S. Kholia. 2003. Pteridophyte diversity of Kumaon (central Himalaya). Pp. 267–280. In J. S. Dargan & T. A. Sharma (Eds.). Plant Diversity in India. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India.

569. Pusch, J. & K.–J. Barthel. 2004. The quadrant 4632/23 for the Kyffhauser Mountains near Bad Frankenhausen – The quadrant currently containing the largest number of taxa of ferns and flowering plants in Thuringia. Floristische Rundbriefe 37: 109–114. [German]

570. Qin, X. S., Y. X. Zhang, Y. H. Yan, H. Z. Tian & F. W. Xing. 2004. Flora and ecological characteristics of ferns in Dapeng peninsula of Shenzhen City. Bull. Bot. Res. (China) 24: 146–151.

571. Quintanilla, L. G. & A. Escudero. 2004. Effect of temperature on germination in seven Dryopteris species (Dryopteridaceae: Pteridophyta) from northern Spain. P. 43. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

572. Quintanilla, L. G., S. Pajaron, E. Pangua & J. Amigo. 2004. Allozyme variation in Culcita macrocarpa (Dicksoniaceae: Pteridophyta) and Woodwardia radicans (Blechnaceae: Pteridophyta) at their northern limit. P. 43. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

573. Quintanilla, L. G., E. Pangua, J. Amigo & S. Pajaron. 2004. Sexual phenotypes of the northernmost populations of Culcita macrocarpa (Dicksoniaceae: Pteridophyta) and Woodwardia radicans (Blechnaceae: Pteridophyta). P. 23. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

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575. Raab, A., J. Feldmann & A. A. Meharg. 2004. The nature of arsenic–phytochelatin complexes in Holcus lanatus and Pteris cretica. Plant Physiology (Rockville) 134: 1113–1122.

576. Rab, P., M. Flajshans, A. Ludwig, D. Lieckfeldt, C. Ene, M. Rabova, V. Piackova & T. Paaver. 2004. The second highest chromosome count among vertebrates is associated with extreme ploidy diversity in hybrid sturgeons. Cytogenetic & Genome Research 106: 24. [Abstract; Ophioglossum reticulatum]

577. Ragupathy, E., R. W. A. Jesudasan, A. Jeyasankar & K. Subramanian. 2004. Efficacy of ethyl acetate. extract of a fern, Lygodium microphyllum against the Asian army worm, Spodoptera litura (Fabr.). Journal of Applied Zoological Researches 15: 4–8.

578. Rajkumar, S. D. 2004. Asplenium affine Swartz and Thelypteris confluens (Thunb.) Morton: Two new records of rare and little known ferns from Western Ghats of Karnataka, India. Indian Fern Journal 21: 13–18.

579. Rajkumar, S. D. 2004. Studies on the genus Tectaria cavanilles (Dryopteridaceae – Pteridophyta) of Western Ghats of Karnataka. Journal of Economic & Taxonomic Botany 28: 257–262.

580. Raju, R. A. & B. Gangwar. 2004. Utilization of potassium–rich green–leaf manures for rice (Oryza sativa) nursery and their effect on crop productivity. Indian Journal of Agronomy 49: 244–247. [Salvinia molesta]

581. Ramirez–Trejo, M. d. R., B. Perez–Garcia & A. Orozco–Segovia. 2004. Analysis of fern spore banks from the soil of three vegetation types in the central region of Mexico. American Journal of Botany 91: 682–688.

582. Ramos Giacosa, J. P., E. R. de la Sota & G. E. Giudice. 2004. Floristic update and numerial analysis of pteridophytic biodiversity in the province of Buenos Aires. Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 39: [Spanish]

583. Ranal, M. A. 2004. Bark spore bank of ferns in a gallery forest of the Ecological Station of Panga, Uberlandia–MG, Brazil. American Fern Journal 94: 57–69.

584. Ranker, T. A., A. R. Smith, B. S. Parris, J. M. O. Geiger, C. H. Haufler, S. C. K. Straub & H. Schneider. 2004. Phylogeny and evolution of grammitid ferns (Grammitidaceae): a case of rampant morphological homplasy. P. 9. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

585. Ranker, T. A., A. R. Smith, B. S. Parris, J. M. O. Geiger, C. H. Haufler, S. C. K. Straub & H. Schneider. 2004. Phylogeny and evolution of grammitid ferns (Grammitidaceae): a case of rampant morphological homoplasy. Taxon 53: 415–428.

586. Rensing, S. A. 2004. Diversification of ftsZ during early land plant evolution. Journal of Molecular Evolution 58: 154–162.

587. Renzaglia, K. S., K. D. Wood, G. Rupp & L. G. Hickok. 2004. Characterization of the sleepy sperm mutant in the fern Ceratopteris richardii: A new model for the study of axonemal function. Canadian Journal of Botany 82: 1602–1617.

588. Reshi, Z. & B. L. Sapru. 2004. Weed–fertilizer interaction in transplanted paddy under temperate conditions of Kashmir Himalaya. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research 38: 28–33. [Marsilea quadrifolia] 589. Reyes Jaramillo, I. & A. Mendoza. 2004. Apagamia en Dryopteris munchii (Dryopteridaceae). Polibotanica 18: 99–110. [Spanish]

590. Rhazi, M., P. Grillas, A. Charpentier & F. Medail. 2004. Experimental management of Mediterranean temporary pools for conservation of the rare quillwort Isoetes setacea. Biological Conservation 118: 675–684.

591. Ricciardi, M., R. Nazzaro, G. Caputo, A. De Natale & G. Vallariello. 2004. The flora of the Island of Ischia (Bay of Naples). Webbia 59: 1–113. [Italian; Woodwardia radicans]

592. Rich, T. & F. Rumsey. 2004. Hymenophyllum tunbrigense Hymenophyllaceae. Curtis's Botanical Magazine 21: 70–76.

593. Richardson, J. G. & W. I. Ausich. 2004. Miospore biostratigraphy of the Borden Delta (Lower Mississippian; Osagean) in Kentucky and Indiana, U.S.A. Palynology 28: 159–174.

594. Roberts, A. W. & E. Roberts. 2004. Cellulose synthase (CesA) genes in algae and seedless plants. Cellulose 11: 419–435. [Ceratopteris richardii]

595. Rodrigues, S. T., S. S. de Almeida, L. d. H. C. Andrade, I. C. L. Barros & M. E. Van den Berg. 2004. Floristic composition and abundance of pteridophytes in three environments of the Guama river basin, Belem, Para, Brazil. Acta Amazonica 34: 35–42. [Portuguese]

596. Rodriguez–Tovar, F. J. & A. Uchman. 2004. Ichnotaxonomic analysis of the Cretaceous/Palaeogene boundary interval in the Agost section, south–east Spain. Cretaceous Research 25: 635–647.

597. Rogge Renner, G. D. & A. M. Randi. 2004. Effects of sucrose and irradiance on germination and early gametophyte growth of the endangered tree fern Dicksonia sellowiana Hook (Dicksoniaceae). Acta Botanica Brasilica 18: 375–380.

598. Rojas Alvarado, A. F. 2004. A new species of Hymenophyllum and a new variety of Trichomanes collariatum Bosch (Filicales: Hymenophyllaceae) in Costa Rica. Lankesteriana 4: 143–148. [Spanish]

599. Rojas Alvarado, A. F. 2004. A new hybrid of Tectaria (Filicales: Tectariaceae) in Costa Rica. Lankesteriana 4: 149–154. [Spanish]

600. Rolleri, C. H. & C. Prada. 2004. Foliar endodermis in genus Isoetes L. (Isoetaceae). Acta Botanica Malacitana 29: 191–201. [Spanish]

601. Romanova, M. & J. Jernstedt. 2004. Do shoot apical cells determine everything in some ferns? In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 235. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

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603. Romanova, M. A. & G. M. Borisovskaya. 2004. Principles of the structural organization of fern vegetative body: Ontogenetic approach to the problem. Botanicheskii Zhurnal (Leningrad) 89: 705–717. [Russian]

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605. Rothwell, G. W. 2004. Fossils, ferns and patterns of phylogeny. P. 24. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

606. Rothwell, G. W. & R. A. Stockey. 2004. Probably pteridaceous fern leaves with attached sori from the Early Cretaceous of Apple Bay, Vancouver Island. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 869. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

607. Rouhan, G., J. Y. Dubuisson, F. Rakotondrainibe, T. J. Motley, J. T. Mickel, J.–N. Labat & R. C. Moran. 2004. Molecular phylogeny of the fern genus Elaphoglossum (Elaphoglossaceae) based on chloroplast non–coding DNA sequences: contributions of species from the Indian Ocean area. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution 33: 745–763.

608. Rouhan, G., J. Y.. Dubuisson, F. Rakotondrainibe, T. J. Motley, J. T. Mickel & R. Moran. 2004. Molecular phylogeny of Elaphoglossum (Elaphoglossaceae) and relationships between species from the Neotropics and the African–Indian Ocean area. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 215. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

609. Rouhan, G., F. Rokotondrainibe, R. C. Moran, J. T. Mickel & T. J. Motley. 2004. Molecular phylogeny of the fern genus Elaphoglossum (Elaphoglossaceae) based on chloroplast non–code DNA sequences: contributions of species from the Indian Ocean area. P. 45. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

610. Roux, J. P. 2004. Pteridophyta – Dryopteris filipaleata (Pteropsida: Dryopteridaceae), a new species from tropical East Africa. Bothalia 34: 27–30.

611. Roux, J. P. 2004. Pteridophyta – Dryopteris gorgonea (Pteropsida: Dryopteridaceae), a new species from the Cape Verde islands. Bothalia 34: 32–35.

612. Roux, J. P. 2004. Pteridophyta – A new combination in Lastreopsis (Tectariaceae) from Madagascar. Bothalia 34: 108–109. [Dryopteris perrieriana]

613. Roux, J. P. 2004. A re–evaluation of the Dryopteris fadenii (Pteropsida: Dryopteridaceae) complex, with the new species D. rodolfii. Webbia 59: 133–147.

614. Rowe, N., S. Isnard & T. Speck. 2004. Diversity of mechanical architectures in climbing plants: An evolutionary perspective. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation 23: 108–128. [Lycopodiella cernua]

615. Royo, A. A. & W. P. Carson. 2004. Resource competition or apparent competition: direct and indirect impacts of hay–scented fern cover on tree seedling establishment. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 89: 440. [Abstract; Dennstaedtia punctilobula]

616. Rozentsvet, O. A. 2004. Comparative examination of distribution of phospholipids and a betaine lipid DGTS in tropical fern species. Biochemical Systematics & Ecology 32: 303–311. biochem

617. Rozentsvet, O. A. 2004. Distribution of a betaine lipid O–(1,2–diacylglycero)–4'–(N,N,N–trimethyl)homoserine in tissues of some Lycopodiophyta species. Bioorganicheskaia Khimiia 30: 644–648.

618. Ruch, D. G., C. R. Reidy, B. G. Torke, K. S. Badger & P. E. Rothrock. 2004. Additions to the flora of Ginn Woods, Delaware County, Indiana. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 113: 1–6. [Huperzia lucidula]

619. Rumsey, F. 2004. Reproductive strategies and population structure in the endangered pteridophyte Trichomanes speciosum Willd. P. 23. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

620. Rumsey, F., S. J. Russell, H. Schaefer & H. Rasbach. 2004. Distribution, ecology and cytology of Asplenium azoricum Lovis, Rasbach & Reichstein (Aspleniaceae, Pteridophyta) and its hybrids. American Fern Journal 94: 113–125.

621. Runk, K. 2004. Do different competitive abilities of three fern species explain their different regional abundances? Journal of Vegetation Science 15: 351–356.

622. Runk, K., M. Moora & M. Zobel. 2004. Do different competitive abilities of three fern species explain their different regional abundances? P. 20. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

623. Rusea, G., A. Latiff & R. Jaman. 2004. Two new species of Tectaria Cav. (Dennstaedtiaceae) in Peninsular Malaysia. Folia Malaysiana 5: 25–38.

624. Rusterholz, H.–P., S. W. Mueller & B. Baur. 2004. Effects of rock climbing on plant communities on exposed limestone cliffs in the Swiss Jura mountains. Applied Vegetation Science 7: 35–40.

625. Rutherford, G., M. Tanurdzic, M. Hasebe & J. A. Banks. 2004. A systemic gene silencing method suitable for high throughput, reverse genetic analyses of gene function in fern gametophytes. BMC Plant Biology 4: 6.

626. Sakamaki, Y. & Y. Ino. 2004. Response of non–structural carbohydrate content of belowground parts in Equisetum arvense according to the irradiance change during a growing season. Journal of Plant Research 117: 385–391.

627. Salgado, E. 2004. Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes of Philippine ferns II: three new names in Asplenium. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 61: 185–195.

628. Salino, A. & J. Semir. 2004. Thelypteris subg. Amauropelta (Kunze) A.R Smith (Thelypteridaceae – pterophyta) in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Lundiana 5: 83–112. [Portuguese]

629. Salino, A. & J. Semir. 2004. Thelypteris subg. Meniscium (Thelypteridaceae – Pterophyta) in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Botanica 27: 103–114. [Portuguese]

630. Salovaara, K. J., G. G. Cardenas & H. Tuomisto. 2004. Forest classification in an Amazonian rainforest landscape using pteridophytes as indicator species. Ecography 27: 689–700.

631. Sanchez Baracaldo, P. 2004. Phylogenetics and biogeography of the neotropical fern genera Jamesonia and Eriosorus (Pteridaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 91: 274–284.

632. Sanchez–Baracaldo, P. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships of the subfamily Taenitidoideae, Pteridaceae. American Fern Journal 94: 126–142.

633. Sant, P. S. & H. Michaud. 2004. Contribution to the knowledge of Alpes–Maritimes and Var departments Pteridophyta (France) 2. Biocosme Mesogeen 21: 1–14. [French; Dryopteris affinis, Asplenium xhelii]

634. Sathapattayanon, A. & T. Boonkerd. 2004. Pteridophyte diversity along a gradient of disturbance within and near abandoned opencast mines in Thong Pha Phum District, Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand. P. 46. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

635. Schaefer, H. 2004. New records of Asplenium xrouyi in the Azores. Arquipelago – Life and Marine Sciences 20A: 31–32. 636. Scheidel, U. & H. Bruelheide. 2004. Experimental studies on the effect of cattle grazing of montane meadows in the Harz Mountains. Hercynia 37: 87–101. [German, Thelypteris limbosperma]

637. Schleicher, E., R. M. Kowalczyk, C. W. M. Kay, P. Hegemann, A. Bacher, M. Fischer, R. Bittl, G. Richter & S. Weber. 2004. On the reaction mechanism of adduct formation in LOV domains of the plant blue–light receptor phototropin. Journal of the American Chemical Society 126: 11067–11076. [Adiantum capillus–veneris]

638. Schlutz, F. & W. Zech. 2004. Palynological investigations on vegetation and climate change in the Late Quaternary of Lake Rukche area, Gorkha Himal, Central Nepal. Vegetation History & Archaeobotany 13: 81–90.

639. Schmitt, J. L. & P. G. Windisch. 2004. Phenological aspects of frond production in Alsophila setosa Kaulf. (Cyatheaceae: Pteridophyta) in southern Brazil. P. 46. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

640. Schneider, H., T. Janssen, P. Hovenkamp, A. R. Smith, R. Cranfill, C. H. Haufler & T. A. Ranker. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships of the enigmatic malesian fern Thylacopteris (Polypodiaceae, Polypodiidae). International Journal of Plant Sciences 165: 1077–1087.

641. Schneider, H., T. A. Ranker, S. J. Russell, R. Cranfill, J. M. O. Geiger, K. R. Wood, M. Grundmann & J. C. Vogel. 2004. Origin of the endemic fern genus Diellia (Aspleniaceae) coincides with the renewal of Hawaiian terrestrial life in the early Miocene. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 79. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

642. Schneider, H., S. J. Russell, C. J. Cox, F. Bakker, S. Henderson, F. Rumsey, J. Barrett, M. Gibby & J. C. Vogel. 2004. Chloroplast phylogeny of asplenioid ferns based on rbcL and trnL–F spacer sequences (Polypodiidae, Aspleniaceae) and its implications for biogeography. Systematic Botany 29: 260–274.

643. Schneider, H., E. Schuettpelz, K. M. Pryer, R. Cranfill, S. Magallon & R. Lupia. 2004. Ferns diversified in the shadow of angiosperms. Nature (London) 428: 553–557.

644. Schneider, H., A. R. Smith, R. Cranfill, T. J. Hildebrand, C. H. Haufler & T. A. Ranker. 2004. Unraveling the phylogeny of polygrammoid ferns (Polypodiaceae and Grammitidaceae): exploring aspects of the diversification of epiphytic plants. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution 31: 1041–1063.

645. Schneider, L. C. 2004. Understanding bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn) invasion in the southern Yucatan peninsular region through integrated land–change science. Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts. 222 pp. [Dissertation]

646. Schneller, J. J. 2004. Spatial arrangement of phenotypes in populations of the common and widespread fern Athyrium filix–femina. Botanica Helvetica 114: 101–107.

647. Schuettpelz, E. & K. M. Pryer. 2004. Rates and dates: insight into the evolutionary history of filmy ferns (Hymenophyllaceae). P. 12. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

648. Schuettpelz, E., H. Schneider & K. M. Pryer. 2004. An evolutionary time–scale for ferns: ancient origins and recent radiations. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 249. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

649. Schwegman, J. E., M. A. Schwegman, J. Shimp & W. E. McClain. 2004. Status and distribution of the filmy fern (Trichomanes boschianum Sturm.) in Illinois. Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science 97: 19–22.

650. Sekaran, D. R., R. Somvanshi & R. K. Dawra. 2004. Clinical and haematological studies on Cheilanthes farinosa and Onychium contiguum, and their combined effects in laboratory rats. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 74: 11–14.

651. Senna, R. M. 2004. Adiantopsis cheilanthoides (Pteridaceae – Pteridophyta), a new species from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia Serie Botanica 59: 107–110. [Portuguese]

652. Serbet, R. & G. W. Rothwell. 2004. Anatomically preserved ferns from the Late Cretaceous of western North America: Dennstaedtiaceae. International Journal of Plant Sciences 164: 1041–1051.

653. Seth, M. K., A. Kumari, A. Bhandari & S. P. Khullar. 2004. Common pteridophytes of Shimla (Himachal Pradesh). Part I. Adiantaceae, Hemionitidaceae, Davalliaceae and Aspleniaceae. Journal of Economic & Taxonomic Botany 28: 635–652.

654. Seth, M. K., A. Seth & H. C. Negi. 2004. Pteridophytic flora of Kinnaur, Himachal Pradesh Part I: A general account of Kinnaur District and eight species belonging to suborder Pteridineae of order Pteridales. Indian Fern Journal 21: 45–62.

655. Seth, M. K., A. Seth & H. C. Negi. 2004. Pteridophytic flora of Kinnaur, Himachal Pradesh. Part II: 13 common pteridophytes belonging to families Hypodematiaceae, Athyriaceae, Dryopteridaceae, Selaginellaceae and Equisetaceae. Indian Fern Journal 21: 63–80.

656. Seth, M. K., A. Seth & H. C. Negi. 2004. Pteridophytic flora of Kinnaur, Himachal Pradesh. Part III: Nine common pteridophytes belonging to families Dennstaedtiaceae, Thelypteridaceae and Aspleniaceae. Phytotaxonomy 4: 25–35.

657. Sharma, B. D. 2004. Mesozoic pteridophytes of India – An overview. Indian Fern Journal 21: 1–12.

658. Sharma, B. D. 2004. Reproduction biology of vanishing pteridophytes of Rajasthan, Western India. Indian Fern Journal 21: 109–118.

659. Sharpe, J. M. 2004. Temporal variation in plant and leaf characteristics of reproductively mature sporophytes of Dryopteris intermedia and Polystichum acrostichoides, two common understory ferns of the New England forest. P. 20. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

660. Shaw, S. W., M. S. Barker & R. J. Hickey. 2004. New records for Puerto Rican pteridophytes. Fern Gazette 17: 97–99.

661. Sheffield, E. & K. Makgomol. 2004. Development of gametophytes from gemmae of Killarney fern (Trichomanes speciosum Willd.). P. 35. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

662. Sheffield, E. & S. E. Siman. 2004. Growth impairment of human cells by fern spore extracts. P. 47. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

663. Shhagapsoev, S. H. 2004. Floristic records in Kabardino–Balkaria (Central Caucasus). Botanicheskii Zhurnal (Leningrad) 89: 866–867. [Polystichum lonchitis]

664. Shimamura, M., R. C. Brown, B. E. Lemmon, T. Akashi, K. Mizuno, N. Nishihara, K. I. Tomizawa, K. Yoshimoto, H. Deguchi, H. Hosoya, T. Horio & Y. Mineyuki. 2004. Gamma–tubulin in basal land plants: Characterization, localization, and implication in the evolution of acentriolar microtubule organizing centers. Plant Cell 16: 45–59. [Anemia phyllitidis] 665. Shiraiwa, T. 2004. Taxonomical notes on the heterosporous water ferns. Bunrui 4: 7–15.

666. Shorne, U. 2004. Comparative efficiencies of indoor plan–based biofilters in removal of selected volatile organic components. University of Guelph, Guelph, Canada. 84 pp. [Masters Thesis]

667. Simunek, Z. & C. J. Cleal. 2004. Small–pinnuled odontopterid medullosaleans from the middle and upper Stephanian of Bohemia and Saar–Lorraine. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 129: 21–38.

668. Siqueiros Delgado, M. E. & G. Gonzalez Adame. 2004. Checklist of the pteridophytes of Aguascalientes, Mexico. Aliso 21: 21.

669. Skog, J. E., J. T. Mickel, R. C. Moran, M. Volovsek & E. A. Zimmer. 2004. Molecular studies of representative species in the fern genus Elaphoglossum (Dryopteridaceae) based on cpDNA sequences rbcL, trnL–F, and rps4–trnS. International Journal of Plant Sciences 165: 1063–1075.

670. Skvortsov, V. E. 2004. On the taxonomic characters of Equisetum L. species (Equisetaceae) in the flora of Russia. Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 109: 31–43.

671. Skvortsov, V. E. 2004. The first reliable record of Equisetum sylvaticum L. from the Caucasus. Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii 109: 87. [Russian]

672. Slanis, A. C. & E. Bulacio. 2004. New records of Pteridophytes from the Northwest of Argentina. Lilloa 41: 181–183. [Spanish]

673. Slocum, M. G., T. M. Aide, J. K. Zimmerman & L. Navarro. 2004. Natural regeneration of subtropical montane forest after clearing fern thickets in the Dominican Republic. Journal of Tropical Ecology 20: 483–486. [Dicranopteris pectinata]

674. Small, R., E. Lickey, J. Shaw & W. Hauk. 2004. Amplification of non–coding chloroplast DNA for phylogenetic studies in Pteridophytes and Lycophytes. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 284. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

675. Smith, A. R. 2004. Horsetails and whisk ferns re–examined. Botanical Garden Newsletter 28/29: 1–2.

676. Smith, A. R. 2004. Floristics in the 21st Century: balancing user–needs and phylogenetic information. P. 14. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

677. Smith, A. R. & J. Prado. 2004. New species in Adiantum and Pteris (Pteridaceae) from the Andes. Brittonia 56: 82–88.

678. Smith, S. Y., R. A. Stockey, H. Nishida & G. W. Rothwell. 2004. A blechnoid fern from the Middle Eocene Princeton chert: rhizomes, rachides and roots. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 812. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

679. Sniderman, J. M. K., P. B. O'Sullivan, J. D. Hollis & A. P. Kershaw. 2004. Late Pliocene vegetation and climate change at Stony Creek Basin, western uplands of Victoria, Australia. Royal Society of Victoria Proceedings 116: 77–92.

680. Solis, M. A., S. H. Yen & J. H. Goolsby. 2004. Species of Lygomusotima new genus and Neomusotima Yoshiyasu (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) from Australia and southeastern Asia feeding on Lygodium microphyllum (Schizaeaceae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 97: 64–76.

681. Somvanshi, R. & V. K. Sharma. 2004. Studies on comparative patho–anatomical effects of green and shade–dried Christella dentata fern toxicity in guinea pigs. Indian Fern Journal 21: 81–92.

682. Somvanshi, R. & V. K. Sharma. 2004. Preliminary studies on Christella dentata (Forssk) Brownsey et Jermy fern toxicity in guinea pigs. J. Lab. Med. 6: 5–15.

683. Somvanshi, R., V. K. Sharma & G. S. Bisht. 2004. Pathological evaluation of fresh and shade–dried Christella dentata (Forssk) fern toxicity in rabbits. Vegetos 17: 91–103.

684. Songtham, W., B. Ratanasthien & D. C. Mildenhall. 2004. New species of algae Actinastrum lagerheim and Closterium nitzsch ex Ralf from Middle Miocene Sediments of Chiang Muan basin Phayao, Thailand, with tropical pollen composition. Science Asia 30: 171–181.

685. Soria, A. & B. Meyer–Berthaud. 2004. Tree fern growth strategy in the Late Devonian cladoxylopsid species Pietzschia levis from the study of its stem and root system. American Journal of Botany 91: 10–23.

686. Soromessa, T., D. Teketay & S. Demissew. 2004. Ecological study of the vegetation in Gamo Gofa zone, southern Ethiopia. Tropical Ecology 45: 209–221. [Actiniopteris radiata]

687. Sorrell, B. K. 2004. Regulation of root anaerobiosis and carbon translocation by light and root aeration in Isoetes alpinus. Plant, Cell & Environment 27: 1102–1111.

688. Sorrell, B. K. & M. T. Downes. 2004. Water velocity and irradiance effects on internal transport and metabolism of methane in submerged Isoetes alpinus and Potamogeton crispus. Aquatic Botany 79: 189–202.

689. Sotelo, I., I. Perez–Munuera, A. Quiles, I. Hernando, V. Larrea & M. A. Lluch. 2004. Microstructural changes in rabbit meat wrapped with Pteridium aquilinum fern during postmortem storage. Meat Science 66: 823–829.

690. Souza, P. A. & L. M. Callegari. 2004. An Early Permian palynoflora from the Itarare Subgroup, Parana Basin, Brazil. Revista Espanola de Micropaleontologia 36: 439–450.

691. Spalding, A. & M. Parsons. 2004. Light trap transects – a field method for ascertaining the habitat preferences of night–flying Lepidoptera, using Mythimna turca (Linnaeus 1761) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) as an example. Journal of Insect Conservation 8: 185–190. [Pteridium aquilinum]

692. Spatz, H. C. & A. Emanns. 2004. The mechanical role of the endodermis in Equisetum plant stems. American Journal of Botany 91: 1936–1938.

693. Sperry, J. S. 2004. Coordinating stomatal and xylem functioning – an evolutionary perspective. New Phytologist 162: 568–570.

694. Spiro, M. D., B. Torabi & C. N. Cornell. 2004. Cytokinins induce photomorphogenic development in dark–grown gametophytes of Ceratopteris richardii. Plant & Cell Physiology 45: 1252–1260.

695. Springer, S. 2004. The vegetation of the Thalhamer moss. Berichte der Bayerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft zur Erforschung der Heimischen Flora 73: 157–169. [German; Equisetum]

696. Squirrell, J., P. M. Hollingsworth, M. Woodhead, J. Russell, M. Gibby & W. Powell. 2004. Population genetic structure in Athyrium distentifolium. P. 30. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

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699. Srivastava, G. K., P. K. Srivastava & P. K. Shukla. 2004. Antiquity and diversification of Isoetes L. through the ages. Pp. 263–279. In P. C. Srivastava (Ed.). Vistas in Palaeobotany and Plant Morphology, Evolutionary and Environmental Perspective. Professor D. D. Pan Memorial Volume. U. P. Offset, Lucknow, India.

700. Srivastava, S. K. 2004. Floristic diversity in Uttar Pradesh – An overview. Journal of Economic & Taxonomic Botany 28: 292–334.

701. Steury, B. W. 2004. Note: District of Columbia and Maryland. Castanea 69: 154–157. [Salvinia molesta]

702. Stevenson, B. A. 2004. Changes in phosphorus availability and nutrient status of indigenous forest fragments in Pastoral New Zealand Hill country. Plant & Soil 262: 317–325. [Cyathea dealbata]

703. Stockey, R. A. 2004. Anatomically preserved pteridophytes: unexpected diversity for the early Cretaceous. P. 25. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

704. Stockey, R. A. & G. W. Rothwell. 2004. Cretaceous tree ferns of western North America: Rickwoodopteris hirsuta gen. et sp. nov. (Cyatheaceae s.l.). Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 132: 103–114.

705. Stockey, R. A., G. W. Rothwell & S. A. Little. 2004. Dipteridaceous ferns from the early Cretaceous Apple Bay flora of Vancouver Island. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 857. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

706. Stoll, A. & S. Hahn. 2004. New records extend distributions of three species of Hymenophyllaceae (Pteridophyta) to the Maule Region, Chile. Gayana Botanica 61: 45–47. [Spanish]

707. Stout, S. C. 2004. Physiological and bioinformatic studies on polarity development in Ceratopteris richardii spores. University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. 120 pp. [Dissertation]

708. Su, Y., T. Wang, B. Zheng, Y. Jiang, G. Chen & H. Gu. 2004. Population genetic structure and phylogeographical pattern of a relict tree fern, Alsophila spinulosa (Cyatheaceae), inferred from cpDNA atpB–rbcL intergenic spacers. Theoretical & Applied Genetics 109: 1459–1467.

709. Suksathan, P. 2004. A new species of Adiantum (Pteridaceae) from Thailand. American Fern Journal 94: 77–80.

710. Sun, J. S., B. L. Theriault & G. I. Anderson. 2004. The effect of Gu–Sui–Bu (Drynaria fortunei) on bone cell activity. American Journal of Chinese Medicine 32: 737–753.

711. Sundriyal, M. & R. C. Sundriyal. 2004. Wild edible plants of the Sikkim Himalaya: Marketing value addition and implications for management. Economic Botany 58: 300–315. [Diplazium esculentum]

712. Szankowski, M. & S. Klosowski. 2004. Distribution and habitat conditions of the phytocoenoses of Sphagnum denticulatum Bridel and Warnstorfia exannulata (B., S. & G.) Loeske in Polish Lobelia Lakes. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae 73: 255–262. [Isoetes lacustris]

713. Szmeja, J. & K. Bociag. 2004. The disintegration of populations of underwater plants in soft water lakes enriched with acidic organic matter. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae 73: 165–173. [Isoetes lacustris]

714. Tamura, A., M. Yamane & H. Nakayama. 2004. Newly distributed Athyrium pinetorum Tagawa in Kanagawa Prefecture. J. Phytogeogr. Taxon. 52: 83–84.

715. Tanaka, H. & H. Amano. 2004. Two new species of Pulvinaria (Homoptera, Coccidae) from Japan. Japanese Journal of Systematic Entomology 10: 265–270. [Polystichum tripteron]

716. Tanurdzic, M. 2004. Genetic and genomic studies of seed–free plants: sex determination in ferns and whole genome analysis of lycopods. Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana. 106 pp. [Dissertation]

717. Tanurdzic, M. & J. A. Banks. 2004. Sex–determining mechanisms in land plants. Plant Cell. 16(Suppl. S): S61–S71. [Ceratopteris richardii]

718. Taylor, W. C. & S. B. Hoot. 2004. Phylogeny of Isoetes based on nucleotide sequences of the nuclear ribosomal ITS region and the second intron of the LFY homolog. P. 11. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

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720. Teillier, S. & A. Tome. 2004. Flora of the Quebrada de Ramon Basin, Region Metropolitana, Chile. Museo Nacional de Historia Natural Boletin (Santiago) 53: 17–36. [Spanish; Adiantaceae, Blechnaceae]

721. Tejero–Diez, J. D. & L. Pacheco. 2004. Taxa nuevos, nomenclaturales, redefinicion y distribucion de las especies relacionadas con Polypodium colpodes Kunze (Polypodiaceae, Pteridophyta). Acta Botanica Mexicana 67: 75–115.

722. Tejero–Diez, J. D. & M. de la L. Arreguin–Sanchez. 2004. Lista con anotaciones de los pteridofitos del estado de Mexico, Mexico. Acta Botanica Mexicana 69: 1–82. [Spanish]

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724. Tenchov, Y. G. 2004. The genus Lonchopteris Brongniart in the Dobrudzha Carboniferous Basin, Bulgaria. Geologica Balcanica 34: 97.

725. Terada, K. & H. Nishida. 2004. Preliminary notes on Cretaceous and Tertiary woods from Heilongjang River area of China. Pp. 33–38. In Proc. 3rd. Symp. Cret. Biot. K/T Boundary, Heilongjang River Area, China.

726. Thomas, B. A. & Y. Tenchov. 2004. The Upper Westphalian lycophyte floras of the Dobrudzha Coalfield (Bulgaria) and a comparison with those of southern Britain and Cape Breton (Canada). Geologica Balcanica 34: 105–110.

727. Thomson, J. A. 2004. Towards a taxonomic revision of Pteridium (Dennstaedtiaceae). Telopea 10: 793–803.

728. Tomasi, D. & G. Caniglia. 2004. The vegetation of "Le Poscole": an important site of biodiversity in the Vicenza province (N–E Italy). Societa Veneziana di Scienze Naturali Lavori 29: 71–78. [Italian; Isoetes]

729. Tomescu, A. M. F., G. W. Rothwell & M. L. Trivett. 2004. Reconstructing a stem–group filicalean fern with reiterative indeterminate growth of the fronds. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 573. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract]

730. Torstensson, L. & E. Borjesson. 2004. Use of imazapyr against Equisetum arvense on Swedish railway tracks. Pest Management Science 60: 565–569.

731. Trei, T. & P. Pall. 2004. Macroflora in the watercourses of Saaremaa Island (Estonia). Boreal Environment Research 9: 25–35. [Equisetum fluviatile]

732. Tripathi, A. 2004. Palynology evidences of hitherto unrecognised Jurassic sedimentation in Rajmahal Basin, India. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia 110: 35–42.

733. Tripathi, M. K. & B. L. Yadav. 2004. Cytology of Isoetes L. from Rajasthan. Indian Fern Journal 21: 19–22.

734. Troncoso, A., R. Herbst & J. Munoz Bravo. 2004. The fossil flora of the Huimpil–Llafquentue Formation, Upper Triassic, IX Region, Chile. Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Nueva Serie 6: 313–319. [Spanish]

735. Tsai, C. W., C. M. van der Weele & S. M. Wonlniak. 2004. Differential segregation and modification of mRNA during spermiogenesis in Marsilea vestita. Developmental Biology 269: 319–330.

736. Tsutumi, C. & M. Kato. 2004. Phylogeny and evolution of epiphytes and related ferns. P. 9. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

737. Tu, S. & L. Q. Ma. 2004. Comparison of arsenic and phosphate uptake and distribution in arsenic hyperaccumulating and nonhyperaccumulating fern. Journal of Plant Nutrition 27: 1227–1242. [Nephrolepis exaltata, Pteris vittata]

738. Tu, S., L. Q. Ma, A. O. Fayiga & E. J. Zillioux. 2004. Phytoremediation of arsenic–contaminated groundwater by the arsenic hyperaccumulating fern Pteris vittata L. International Journal of Phytoremediation 6: 35–47.

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740. Tunik, M. A., A. Concheyro, E. G. Ottone & B. Aguirre–Urreta. 2004. Paleontology of the Saldeno Formation (Maastrichtian), High Cordillera of Mendoza, Argentina. Ameghiniana 41: 143–160. [Spanish]

741. Tuomisto, H. 2004. Ecological distribution of Amazonian pteridophytes. P. 15. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

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743. Tzvelev, N. N. 2004. On the genus Polypodium (Polypodiaceae) in the Eastern Europe and the Northern Asia. Botanicheskii Zhurnal (Leningrad) 89: 1646–1652.

744. Uheda, E., K. Maejima & N. Shiomi. 2004. Localization of glutamine synthetase isoforms in hair cells of Azolla leaves. Plant & Cell Physiology 45: 1087–1092. 745. Upadhyay, R. K. & S. K. Panda. 2004. Thermo sensitivity and regulation of activities of superoxide dismutase and guaiacol peroxidase by chromium ions in plants. Advances in Plant Sciences 17: 705–708. [Lygodium japonicum, Marsilea quadrifolia]

746. Upho, U., C. Trisonthi & K. Chayamarit. 2004. Ethnobotanical studies in Muslim Thai communities located around Toh–Daeng peat swamp forest in Thailand. Chiang Mai Journal of Science 31: 157–170. [Lygodium microphyllum, Stenochlaena palustris]

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748. Uzun, E., G. Sariyar, A. Adsersen, B. Karakoc, G. Otuk, E. Oktayoglu & S. Pirildar. 2004. Traditional medicine in Sakarya province (Turkey) and antimicrobial activities of selected species. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 95: 287–296. [Equisetum telmateia]

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750. Vajda, V. & S. McLoughlin. 2004. Fungal proliferation at the Cretaceous–Tertiary boundary. Science (Washington D C) 303: 1489.

751. Vakhromeev, I. V. 2004. Floristic records in Vladimir Region. Botanicheskii Zhurnal (Leningrad) 89: 1822–1824. [Isoetes lacustris]

752. Valenzuela–Soto, E. M., J. A. Marquez–Escalante, G. Iturriaga & C. G. Figueroa–Soto. 2004. Trehalose 6–phosphate synthase from Selaginella lepidophylla: Purification and properties. Biochemical & Biophysical Research Communications 313: 314–319.

753. Valta–Hulkkonen, K., A. Kanninen & P. Pellikka. 2004. Remote sensing and GIS for detecting changes in the aquatic vegetation of a rehabilitated lake. International Journal of Remote Sensing 25: 5745–5758. [Equisetum fluviatile]

754. Van Den Heede, C. J., S. Pajaron, E. Pangua & R. L. L. Viane. 2004. Asplenium ceterach and A. octoploideum on the Canary Islands (Aspleniaceae, Pteridophyta). American Fern Journal 94: 81–111.

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763. Veldkamp, J. F. 2004. The correct name for Pyrrosia hastata Ching (Polypodiaceae, Pteridophyta). Reinwardtia 12: 191–193.

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765. Vieira, C. E. L., R. Iannuzzi, M. Guerra–Sommer, E. Diaz–Martinez & G. W. Grader. 2004. Permian plants from the Chutani Formation (Titicaca Group, northern Altiplano of Bolivia): I. Genera Pecopteris and Asterotheca. Anais Da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias 76: 117–128.

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767. Visscher, H., C. V. Looy, M. E. Collinson, H. Brinkhuis, J. H. A. van Konijnenburg–van Cittert, W. M. Kuerschner & M. A. Sephton. 2004. Environmental mutagenesis during the end–Permian ecological crisis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101: 12952–12956.

768. Voege, M. 2004. Non–destructive assessing and monitoring of populations of Isoetes lacustris L. Limnologica May: 147–153.

769. Vogel, J., S. J. Russell, M. Grundmann, F. Rumsey, H. Hunt, H. Schneider, M. Gibby, I. Pinter, S. Trewick, M. Morgan–Richards & J. Barrett. 2004. Locating long–term glacial refugia in the Meditteranean Basin. Autopolyploid complexes in Asplenium as a model system. P. 29. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

770. Volin, J. C., M. S. Lott, J. D. Muss & D. Owen. 2004. Predicting rapid invasion of the Florida Everglades by old world climbing fern (Lygodium microphyllum). Diversity & Distributions 10: 439–446.

771. Volin, V. C., J. C. Volin, J. D. Muss & D. Owen. 2004. Modeling optimal management strategies to control the invasion of Lygodium microphyllum over the Florida landscape. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 89: 525. [Abstract]

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773. Wang, J., H. W. Pfefferkorn, Z. Feng & G. Shen. 2004. A new species of Discinites (Noeggerathiales) associated with a new species of Yuania from the lower Permian of Inner Mongolia, China. International Journal of Plant Sciences 165: 1107–1119. 774. Wang, M. L., Y. T. Hsieh & G. F. Zhao. 2004. A revised subdivision of the Athyriaceae. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 42: 524–527. [Chinese]

775. Wang, S. J. 2004. Diaphorodendron rhombicum sp. nov., a new anatomically preserved lepidodendralean stem from the Taiyuan Formation in Southern Shandong Province, North China. Acta Botanica Sinica 46: 407–414.

776. Wang, T., Y. J. Su, X. Y. Li, B. Zheng, G. P. Chen & Q. L. Zeng. 2004. Genetic structure and variation in the relict populations of Alsophila spinulosa from southern China based on RAPD markers and cpDNA atpB–rbcL sequence data. Hereditas 140: 8–17.

777. Wang, X. 2004. A study of plant mesofossils from the Dakota Formation in Kansas, U. S. University of Florida, Gainesville. 388 pp. [Dissertation]

778. Wang, Y. B., D. Y. Liu, L. Zhang, Y. Li & L. Chu. 2004. Patterns of vegetation succession in the process of ecological restoration on the deserted land of Shizishan copper tailings in Tongling city. Acta Botanica Sinica 46: 780–787. [Equisetum ramosissimum]

779. Warwick, M. 2004. Fern etchings. P. 49. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

780. Weeda, E. & H. van Melick. 2004. A valley featuring Asplenium scolopendrium at the Sint–Pietersberg area near Maastricht. Natuurhistorisch Maandblad 93: 137–142. [Netherlandish]

781. Wei, Z. G., F. S. Hong, M. Yin, H. X. Li, F. Hu, G. W. Zhao & J. W. C. Wong. 2004. Off–line separation and determination of rare earth elements associated with chloroplast pigments of hyperaccumulator Dicranopteris dichotoma by normal–phase liquid chromatography and ICP–MS. Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry 380: 677–682.

782. Wellman, C. H., H. Kerp & H. Hass. 2004. Spores of the Rhynie chert plant Horneophyton lignieri (Kidston & Lang) Barghoorn & Darrah, 1938. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh–Earth Sciences 94: 429–443.

783. Whittier, D. P. 2004. Induced apogamy in Tmesipteris (Psilotaceae). Canadian Journal of Botany 82: 721–725.

784. Wild, J., Z. Neuhauslova & J. Sofron. 2004. Changes of plant species composition in the Sumava spruce forests, SW Bohemia, since the 1970s. Forest Ecology & Management 187: 117–132. [Athyrium distentifolium]

785. Wilf, P. & K. R. Johnson. 2004. Land plant extinction at the end of the Cretaceous: a quantitative analysis of the North Dakota megafloral record. Paleobiology 30: 347–368.

786. Wilhalm, T., F. B. Zemmer, W. Reinhold Stockner & W. Tratter. 2004. Vascular plants new to the flora of South Tyrol (3). Results of floristic mapping, mainly from the period 2002–2004. Gredleriana 4: 381–412. [German]

787. Wilson, K. 2004. California fern checklist. Fiddlehead Forum 31: 12–13.

788. Wirth, L. R. & R. J. Holderegger. 2004. A simplified identification key for the ferns of Switzerland. Botanica Helvetica 114: 35–47. [German]

789. Witke, K., J. Gotze, R. Roessler, D. Dietrich & G. Marx. 2004. Raman and cathodoluminescence spectroscopic investigations on Permian fossil wood from Chemnitz – a contribution to the study of the permineralisation process. Spectrochimica Acta Part A–Molecular Spectroscopy 60: 2903–2912.

790. Wittenberger, G. 2004. Notes on the flora of Hesse 7. Hessische Floristische Briefe 53: 70–76. [German; Polystichum setiferum]

791. Wolczanska, A., M. Kozlowska, M. Piatek & W. Mulenko. 2004. Survey of the genus Discosia (anamorphic fungi) in Poland. Polish Botanical Journal 49: 55–61. [Gymnocarpium dryopteris]

792. Wolf, P. G. & M. Hasebe. 2004. High levels of RNA editing in a vascular plant chloroplast genome: analysis of transcripts from the fern Adiantum capillus–veneris. Gene (Amsterdam) 339: 89–97.

793. Wolf, P. G., C. A. Rowe & M. Hasebe. 2004. RNA editing in a fern chloroplast genome. In Abstracts of Botany 2004, July 31 – August 5, No. 149. Botanical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT (www.2004.botanyconference.org). [Abstract; Adiantum capillus–veneris]

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796. Wong, J. 2004. First place student essay – Phytoremediation of contaminated soils. Journal of Natural Resources & Life Sciences Education 33: 51–53. [Pteris vittata]

797. Wood, M. 2004. Hungry mite may quell Old World climbing fern. International Pest Control 46: 288–289. [Lygodium microphyllum]

798. Wrenn, J. H., W. C. Elsik & R. P. McCulloh. 2004. Palynology of the type area of the late Miocene Catahoula Formation based on outcrop samples from Big Creek, Sicily Island, Louisiana. Palynology 28: 266–267. [Abstract]

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800. Wrobel, D. 2004. Niszczenie stanowisk skrzypu olbrzymiego Equisetum telmateia Ehrh. Na Pogorzu Karpat. Chronmy Przyrode Ojczysta 60: 91–92. [Polish]

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802. Xiao, Z., P. H. Huan & Z. H. Wu. 2004. Effects of extract 5F from Pteris semipinnata L. on the apoptosis of skin fibroblasts in patients with systemic scleroderma. Zhonghua Pifuke Zazhi 37: 721–723.

803. Xing, Y., A. Z. Dang & B. D. Liu. 2004. The scanning electron microscope observation of the fern sporangium and the fern leaf epidermis in Heilongjiang Province. Bull. Bot. Res. 24: 413–416. [Adiantum, Athyrium, Gymnocarpium, Onoclea, Woodsia, Polystichum, Dryopteris]

804. Xu, J. X., S. Blackmore, Y. F. Wang & C. S. Li. 2004. Late Pliocene vegetation and climate of Yangyi region, Yunnan of China, based on palynological data. Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 269: 131–148.

805. Xu, Y., L. Shi, Y. Liu, B. D. Liu & D. Li. 2004. Observation on the gametophyte development of Microsorium fortunei (Moore) Ching. Chinese Bulletin of Botany 21: 660–666.

806. Yan, Y. H., H. F. Chen, C. H. Li, Z. L. Hua & F. W. Xing. 2004. The ferns in arsenic–rich areas in Shimen county of Hunan province. Jishou Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban) 25: 23–28. 807. Yan, Y. H., Q. X. Sheng, F. W. Xing, H. F. Chen & Z. L. Huang. 2004. New records for ferns from Hainan Island, China. Journal of Tropical & Subtropical Botany 12: 371–373. [Chinese]

808. Yang, L., W. M. Yuan, Y. Y. Zhao & Y. Y. Tu. 2004. Studies on chemical constituents in rhizome of Matteuccia struthiopteris. Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi 29: 647–649.

809. Yao, Z. Q. & L. J. Liu. 2004. A new gigantopterid plant with cuticles from the Permian of South China. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 131: 29–48.

810. Yen, S. H., M. A. Solis & J. A. Goolsby. 2004. Austroinusotima, a new musotimine genus (Lepidoptera: crambidae) feeding on old world climbing fern, Lygodium microphyllum (Schizaeaceae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 97: 397–410.

811. Yesilyurt, J. C., M. Gibby & A. Culham. 2004. Phylogenetic studies in Doryopteris J. Sm. (Pteridaceae – Cheilanthoideae). P. 49. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

812. Yi, S. 2004. Cenozoic environmental history of the Northern South Yellow Sea Basin, offshore western Korea. Palynology 28: 268. [Abstract]

813. Yildiz, M., F. Bayir & T. Ozdemir. 2004. Ferns and fern allies (Pteridophyta) of the Akcaabat district (Trabzon). Ot. Sist. Bot. Dergisi 10: 189–196.

814. Yin, M. H., D. G. Kang, H. C. Oh, J. H. Han & H. S. Lee. 2004. Vasorelaxant effect of amentoflavone isolated from Selaginella tamariscina via NO/cGMP pathway. FASEB Journal 18: Abst. 643.11. [Abstract]

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816. You, S. S., M. H. Cheng & Q. G. Guo. 2004. Information dimension fractal properties of the spatial pattern of Alsophila spinulosa population in Mopan'gou, Fuling. Xibei Zhiwu Xuebao 24: 1179–1183. [Chinese]

817. Yu, P., Y. R. Liu & Y. Zheng. 2004. Partial properties of Blechnum orientale Lectin. Chin. J. Appl. Environ. Biol. 10: 740–744. [Chinese]

818. Yu, P., Y. Zheng & Y. R. Liu. 2004. Characteristics of glycoproteins in Adiantum flabellulatum lectin. Journal of Tropical & Subtropical Botany 12: 57–62.

819. Yuan, S. Q., Y.–M. Zhao & R. Feng. 2004. Structural identification of huperzinine C. Yaoxue Xuebao 39: 116–118. [Huperzia serrata]

820. Zang, X. C., Z. H. Shen & S. Y. Dong. 2004. Additions to the pteridophyte flora of Xizang (2). Bull. Bot. Res. (China) 24: 274–277.

821. Zavada, M. S. 2004. The earliest occurrence of Angiosperms in southern Africa. South African Journal of Botany 70: 646–653.

822. Zeng, H. Y. & B. Y. Ding. 2004. Studies on the development of gametophytes of Osmunda vachellii and O. banksiifolia. Guihaia 24: 342–344.

823. Zenkteler, E. K. & H. Kwasna. 2004. Fungistatic activity of internal glandular hairs of rhizomes in the genus Dryopteris. P. 50. In Ferns for the 21st Century, An International Symposium on Pteridophytes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. [Abstract]

824. Zgurski, J. 2004. Analysis of multiple levels of vascular–plant phylogeny using a nuclear RNA polymerase subunit gene (RPB2) and a large plastid data set: studies of the tracheophytes, cycads and the lilies and relatives. University of Alberta, Alberta, Canada. 208 pp. [Masters Thesis]

825. Zhang, G. M., W. L. Yang & X. C. Zhang. 2004. Alearitopteris gongshanensis (Pteridaceae), a new species from Yunnan, China. Novon 14: 513–515.

826. Zhang, W., Y. Cai, K. R. Downum & L. Q. Ma. 2004. Thiol synthesis and arsenic hyperaccumulation in Pteris vittata (Chinese brake fern). Environmental Pollution 131: 337–345.

827. Zhang, W., Y. Cai, K. R. Downum & L. Q. Ma. 2004. Arsenic complexes in the arsenic hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata (Chinese brake fern). Journal of Chromatography A 1043: 249–254.

828. Zhang, X. C. 2004. Miscellaneous notes on pteridophytes from China and neighboring regions (IV) – Validation of some combinations in Diplopterygium (Pteridophyta: Gleicheniaceae). Novon 14: 149–151.

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